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List January 2021

ASTON, Louise (1814-1871)
Aus dem Leben einer Frau.
Hamburg, Hoffmann und Campe 1847.
Small 8vo. VI, [2],155,[1 blank, 4 publ. advert.]p. Uncut and partly unopened in orig. printed gray wrappers. Upper wrapper, half-title and title a little soiled. (#39921)
€ 2000

First edition. A very rare autobiographical novel by this German feminist author, known for her radical opinions on the rights of women, democracy and sexuality. She was a republican and atheist and advocate of free love, she smoked cigars and dressed as a male. She considered marriage a form of prostitution, since for most women it was impossible to marry for love as they were economically dependent on their husbands. Many of her views were shared by other feminists, but only few openly expressed their opinions. Not surprisingly her free-spirited behaviour and her political opinions caused much outrage and she was called a whore and watched by the police.
The present novel reflects het own experiences as the daughter of an oppressive father, her marriage to a wealthy English industrialist in 1835 (forced by her father as she said) and her divorce in 1839. They married again and divorced a second time in 1844. She became befriended with the circle of the Young Hegelians, among whom was Max Stirner, but because of her openly expressed nonconformism she was forced to leave Berlin as ‘enemy of the state' in 1846.

BAKOUNINE [BAKUNIN], Mikhail (1814-1876)
La théologie politique de Mazzini et l'Internationale.
[Neuchatel, imprimerie G.Guillaume fils], Commission de propagande socialiste 1871.
111p. Orig. printed wrappers. Small brown stain in outer margin throughout, corners little frayed. (#17579)
€ 750

First (only) edition. Written shortly after the fall of the Paris Commune this pamphlet greatly contributed to the spread of anarchism in Italy. Bakunin put all his hopes on the International which he had joined in 1868, whereas Mazzini had critisized it as ‘devilish'. He reproaches Mazzini for his deism and political idealism or ‘political theology', bourgeois with no element of a social revolution. Instead he underscores the necessity of revolutionary action of the international labouring classes. The working class and peasantry were to organize from below, through local structures federated with each other, ‘creating not only the ideas, but also the facts of the future itself'.
The upper wrapper has ‘Première partie' printed, but no other parts appeared.
*Nettlau p.48.

BECK, Jakob Sigismund (1761-1840)
Grundriss der critischen Philosophie.
Halle, in der Rengerschen Buchhandlung 1796.
Small 8vo. XVI,296p. Contemp. blue boards, rubbed. Stamp on title, front paste-down with stamp and some other markings. Author's initials completed in ms. (#27382)
€ 750

First (only) edition. Beck had studied mathematics and philosophy at the University of Königsberg, where Immanuel Kant was among his teachers, and became lecturer at the University of Halle and then for decades professor of philosophy at the University of Rostock. He spent most of his life to the study and spread of Kant's philosophy. His three-volume Erläuternder Auszug aus den critischen Schriften des Herrn Prof. Kant (1793-96) was an excellent and much used introduction to Kant.
The present volume contains Beck's interpretation of the Kantian Kritik. It was translated into English the following year by John Richardson under the title The principles of critical philosophy.

A complete system of the philosophy of science

BOLZANO, Bernard (1781-1848)
Wissenschaftslehre. Versuch einer ausführlichen und grösstentheils neuen Darstellung der Logik mit steter Rücksicht auf deren bisherige Bearbeiter. Herausgegeben von mehren seiner Freunde. Mit einer Vorrede des Dr. J.Ch.A. Heinroth.
Sulzbach, J.E. v. Seidel 1837.
4 volumes. XVI,571,[1]; VII,568; VIII,575; XX,683p. With a double-page plate in volume 1. Contemp. black boards, backs with gilt lettered red calf label. Some light browning as usual and some little obtrusive striping with red and blue pencil on a very limited number of pages. An excellent set. (#29749)
€ 2750

First edition. In the Theory of science Bolzano attempted to design a complete system of the philosophy of science, including epistemology, scientific methodology and education, etc. Yet it is for his seminal contribution to logic that the author is now best remembered. Though initially of little influence his book was rediscovered by a.o. Husserl and Twardowski and this his magnum opus has now been acknowledged as one of the ground-breaking works in the history of logic.
Bolzano opposed the metaphysical idealism of Hegel and reverted to Leibniz's logicism. His logic is based upon the distinction between the logical meaning of a judgment and the actual awareness giving rise to the passing of that judgment. Logic is the doctrine of the possible, true and untrue, judgments contents that exist in themselves and can be examined, expressed or not.
Bolzano studied philosophy, mathematics and theology in Prague and became a catholic priest in 1805. He was appointed professor of philosophy of religion, but in 1820 dismissed and charged because of his liberal political views and anti-militarist agitation. Though cleared of all charges after a long ecclesiastical trial he was still forbidden to teach and to have his works published. Though the present work was finished already in 1830 it could therefore not appear before 1837.

[BOXHORN, Marcus Zuerius (1612-1653)]
Verbetert en vermeerdert politijck en militair hantboecxken vanden staet der geunieerde provintien, aenwysende des selfs maniere van regieringe, veelvoudige middelen &c. Als mede de lasten des oorlogs by den selven gedragen tot den jare 1651 [met tussentitel: Militair repartitie-boeckjen]. Den sesten druck: waer by gevoecht zijn eenige autentijcke stucken tot dese materie dienende.
Ter Goude, gedruckt by Willem vander Houve [1674].
12mo. [VIII],400,112p. Contemp. perkament, voorplat gevlekt. Bijgebonden: Artykel-brief, ofte ordonnantie, op de discipline militaire. Anno 1667, 20,[4]p. (#36265)
€ 375

Zesde en laatste druk. Een staatkundig handboekje van de Republiek, oorspronkelijk uitgegeven in het Latijn in 1649 en verschillende keren ook in Nederlandse vertaling herdrukt. Behandelt achtereenvolgens het ontstaan van de Unie, haar inrichting, de admiraliteiten, het leger, de geldmiddelen, buitenlandse betrekkingen, de compagnien, het bestuur van de gewesten en de belastingen. De 'bijgevoegde stukken' bevatten o.a. Paulus Merula's Kort verhael van den staet der republycke van Hollandt, Franchois Vranck's Korte vertooninge van het oude recht van Hollant (1587), en verschillende verdragen met betrekking tot de Unie en met buitenlandse mogendheden.
Boxhorn werd in 1632 benoemd tot hoogleraar in de welsprekendheid in Leiden en volgde in 1648 Daniel Heinsius op als hoogleraar in de geschiedenis en staatkunde. Hij gaf talloze boeken uit (meer dan 60 in 20 jaar!), zowel tekstcritische uitgaven van oude kronieken als historische en politieke werken, gedichten, enz.
Dit ex. met een zeldzame titel van de Goudse drukker Willem vander Houve. Deze 'zesde' druk wordt meestal gevonden met een titel zonder plaats en naam van drukker, hoewel er ook ex. bekend zijn van de Haagse drukker J.Tongerloo.
*Van de Klashorst 154 (1650). NNBW VI,k.178.

BUQUOY, Georg von (1781-1851)
Die Theorie der Nationalwirthschaft nach einem neuen Plane und nach mehrern eigenen Ansichten dargestellt. [Bound with:] Das nationalwirthschaftliche Prinzip oder was zuletzt alle nationalwirthschaftliche Anstalten bezwecken müssen. Erster Nachtrag zur Theorie der Nationalwirthschaft. [And with:] Erläuterung einiger eigenen Ansichten aus der Theorie der Nationalwirthschaft nebst tabellarischer Uebersicht des Zusammenhanges der wesentlichen Gewerbe unter einander und mehreren Beyträgen zum technischen Theile der Nationalwirthschaft. Zweyter Nachtrag zur Theorie der Nationalwirthschaft. [And with:] Begründung des Begriffes vom reellen Werthe in nationalwirthschaftlicher Hinsicht. Ferner: Theorie des Steuerwesens in nationalwirthschaftlicher Hinsicht. Endlich: Zusammenstellung der wesentlichen Verrichtungen bey dem Bleichen, Färben und Drucken der Wollen-, Seiden-, Baumwollen-, Leinen-Zeuge und Garne, nach Grundsätzen der Chemie und Physik. Dritter Nachtrag zur Theorie der Nationalwirthschaft.
Leipzig, Breitkopf & Härtel 1815-18.
4 parts in 1 volume. 4to. [II],306, 307-330, VIII,331-441,[1], [IV],443-524p. With engraved plate to the first part. Contemp. half calf, gilt back with black label, marbled sides, yellow edges. Light foxing to title and endpapers. (#29943)
€ 9500


First edition, very rare with the three supplementary parts. A little known work, disregarded in his own time, but praised for its original application of mathematics to economic problems. Buquoy here in this his major book shows himself an independent follower of Adam Smith, though he advocates proper regulation of production and consumption for countries in unfavourable geographical situations. It is one of the earliest German books including a mathematical approach to economics.
Schumpeter calls Buquoy ‘a very interesting man ... a gifted dilletante in many fields, more than a dilletante in at least two, theoretical mechanics and economics. [The present work and his tract on money and monetary policy Ein auf echten Nationalcredit fundiertes Geld] are Smithian in their bases but contain several interesting and original suggestions, that of a managed paper currency among others. Man and writings are forgotton unjustly, so I think.'
Carl Menger in a letter to Léon Walras pointed out to him that, apart from Cournot, Gossen and Jevons, there were more writers who had applied mathematical methods to economics and he then lists the works of Canard, Kröncke, Buquoy, Rau, Fuoco, Mangoldt and Thünen.
R.M.Robertson mentions Buquoy's work ‘the third in point of time to use the calculus', after Daniel Bernoulli's Specimen theoriae novae de mensura sortis and Paolo Frisi's mathematical commentaries on Verri's Meditazioni.
Buquoy was born in Brussels from the French noble family Buquoy de Longueval. He studied mathematics, natural sciences, economics and philosophy in Vienna and Prague and at a young age he inherited a great estate in Bohemia. He was also the wealthy owner of several textile, glass and iron works, known for many innovations and the high quality of its products. Yet he seems to have spent most of his time to philosophical and economic studies.
*Kress S.6144. Humpert 867. Not in Goldsmiths', Einaudi or Mattioli. R.D.Theocharis, Early developments in mathematical economics, p.112-113. R.M.Robertson, Mathematical economics before Cournot, in Journal of political economy, vol.57, p.527. Schumpeter p.502.

[CAPPELLO, or CAPELLO, Pietro Andrea (1700-1763)]
Nuovo trattato del modo di regolare la moneta.
In Venezia, appresso Lorenzo Baseggio 1752.
4to. XII,152p. With 15 large folding tables. Contemp. vellum, back with red calf label, painted edges. Printed on fine paper. (#36956)
€ 2500

First and only edition. A rare analysis of the terms 'currency' and 'price', though without deep theoretical insight an impressive collection of data that has been of great use for later economists. The author provides the means to compare the value of gold and silver coins used in Venice with the currencies used in various Italian cities as well as in Cadiz, Lisbon, Constantinople, Alexandria, Vienna and England, shown in the impressive tables. Cappello attempted to end the monetary disorder in Venice and wanted to banish foreign currencies as means of payment. In his opinion foreign currencies should be treated as all other goods for sale, and therefore subjected to market forces.
*Kress 5187. Kress, Italian 281. Goldsmiths' 8725. Einaudi 860. Palgrave I, p.217.

An early example of a Friendly Society

[CHAMOUSSET, Claude Humbert Piarron de (1717-1773)]
Plan d'une maison d'association, dans laquelle au moyen d'une somme très-modique chaque associé s'assurera dans l'état de maladie toutes les sortes de secours qu'on peut désirer. [Followed by:] Additions et elaircissemens au Plan d'une maison d'associaton ... [caption titles].
[No place, no publisher 1754].
2 parts. 4to. 15; 12p. Unbound. Outer margins a little damp stained. Tiny holes in inner margins. (#31002)
€ 875

First edition of both parts, very rare. A famous plan for the founding of an institution for the relief of the disabled, sick and poor people, based upon the principle of mutual benefit. This plan has been recognized as an early example of a Friendly Society.
'C'est le plus ancien projet de Piarron de Chamousset, qui a en vue non pas seulement les indigents, mais les malades de toutes conditions, particulièrement ceux (les isolés - célibataires, militaires, marchands, etc.) qui ne sont ni assez riches pour se faire soigner chez eux, ni assez pauvres pour les maisons de charité. Cet établissement ouvert à tous serait également proportionné à tous (différentes catégories de chambres, dortoirs), et les traitements seraient dispensés équitablement sans tenir compte de la somme allouée' (INED).
Chamousset was head of the Chambre des comptes, fysician and inventor - known as the initiator of the Petite Poste, a local postal service in Paris, He was also one of the greatest philanthropists of the eighteenth century, admired by among others Rousseau and Voltaire. He spent his fortune on projects for poor relief and medical care for the lower classes.
*Einaudi 4434. INED 3573 (the first part only). Not in Kress, Goldsmiths' or Granier.

Ordonnancie ende instructie naer de welcke voort-aen hen moeten reguleren die ghesworen wisselaers ofte collecteurs vande goude ende silveren penningen, wesende verboden, gheschroyt, te licht oft te seer versleten, ende oversulcx verclaert ende ghehouden voor billoen, daer toe ghecommitteert om de selve te leveren inde munten van sijne Majesteyt, ende al daer bekeert te worden in penninghen van hunne slaghe. [Half-title:] Ordonnancie ende instrvctie voor de wisselaers.
Antwerpen, Hieronymus Verdussen 1633.
Narrow folio (31 x 10 cm). 126 lvs. Title-page with woodcut coat-of-arms. With 3370 woodcuts. Recent blank calf. Printed on heavy paper, mildly yellowed but a good copy. (#33282)
€ 1650

A manual for moneychangers, following the official ordinance of March 1633. It depicts both sides of 1685 coins in their actual size, with descriptive text and their exchange rate. Included are the gold and silver coins in circulation in all European countries. It was also used to detect counterfeit money and a few counterfeit coins are also reproduced. The text of the ordinance is reproduced on the first seven pages. Also published in French by the same publisher the same year.

DEBREU, Gerard (1921-2004)
Theory of value. An axiomatic analysis of economic equilibrium.
New York, John Wiley & London, Chapman & Hall [1959].
XII,114p. Orig. cloth with the (somewhat discoloured) dust jacket. (Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics at Yale University. Monograph 17) (#38728)
€ 2500

First edition, first printing. A now classic book in the history of mathematical economics. Debreu was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences in 1983 ‘for having incorporated new analytical methods into economic theory and for his rigorous reformulation of the theory of general equilibrium'.

DESCARTES, René (1596-1650)
Brieven, aan veele hoog-geagte personen, van verscheide ampten, geschreven: handelende van de over-natuur-kunde, natuur-kunde, zede-kunst, genees-kunst, wis-kunst, zang-kunst, en werk-daad, enz. Zijnde ten hoogsten dienstig, om de voorgaande werken des schrijvers te verligten, en duidelijker te doen verstaan. Door Renatus Des-Cartes beschreven: en van J.H.Glasemaker vertaalt.
t'Amsterdam, by Jan ten Hoorn 1692.
3 parts in 1 volume, the first 2 parts continuously paginated. 4to. [VIII],664,268p. With numerous woodcut figures in the text. Contemp. vellum. With the bookplate of the well-known Amsterdam book collector Bob Luza. (#32603)
€ 2500


Second Dutch edition. The first volume of the original French edition of Descartes' correspondence appeared 1657, the second volume 1663 and the third volume 1667. The first two volumes of the first Dutch edition appeared 1661, the third volume 1684. The present edition also served as the fourth volume of Descartes' Alle de werken.
*Glazemaker 20.

[DUPONT DE NEMOURS, Pierre Samuel (1739-1817)
Discours prononcé à l'Assemblée nationale, sur l'état & les ressources des finances. Imprimé par ordre de l'Assemblée.
A Versailles, chez Baudouin 1789.
IV,5-218p. With 6 folding tables. Uncut and unopened in modern half vellum, marbled sides. One line on page 111 made illegible, as is the case in other copies. Partly evenly browned. (#20027)
€ 500

First edition. Dupont's speech before the National Assembly of September 24th 1789 on the financial and fiscal situation of France, one of the most important contributions to French financial history. Dupont outlines the enormous resources of France, including the great wealth of the church derived from its landed estates. Yet he emphasizes the necessity for far reaching tax reforms, including the tax exemptions for the clergy, the abolition of the corvee and internal duties. Instead he proposes a flat land tax, thus following the physiocratic principles.
His speech is followed by a Projet du premier décret à rendre pour l'exécution des vues exposés dans le discours précédent and by a Fragment sur les priviléges particuliers que le clergé s'etait attribués.
*INED 1601. Kress, B.1582. Einaudi 1663. Not in Goldsmiths' or Mattioli.

A commentary on Malthus, 'one of his best books'

[DUPONT DE NEMOURS, Pierre Samuel (1739-1817) & Thomas Robert MALTHUS (1766-1834)]
Examen du livre de M. Malthus sur le principe de population; auquel on a joint la traduction de quatre chapitres de ce livre supprimés dans l'edition française; et une lettre a M. Say sur son Traité d'economie politique.
Imprimé à Philadelphie, chez P.M.Lafourcade 1817.
[IV],159p. Fine recent embossed burgundy boards (sd P.Goy & C.Vilaine), back gilt lettered. A very fine, washed copy. (#20017)
€ 5000

First (only) edition, rare. The last book of Dupont de Nemours published in the year of his death in America. It is the only criticism of Malthus' population theory from a physiocratic point of view, since all other important adherents of Quesnay had died when Malthus published his book. 'Dupont declared that Malthus was too pessimistic; that the poor would not pactice moral restraint; that population pressure spurred men to increase production. America need not fear population growth for 600-1.000 years at least.'
Dupont's criticism of Malthus is followed by a French translation of four chapters of Malthus' great work dealing with physiocracy that were omitted in Pierre Prevost's translation of 1809 (p.39-115), and by a letter from Dupont to Jean Baptiste Say (p.116-59).
*Goldsmiths'-Kress 21762.1. Einaudi 1666. Not in Mattioli. INED 1603. Spengler p.199.

EDELMANN, Johann Christian (1698-1767)
Das Evangelium St. Harenbergs.
[No place, no printer] 1748.
108p. Uncut in recent blank boards. (#36452)
€ 1500

First (only) edition, second issue. A refutation of the false biographical account of Edelmann published in the Altonaische gelehrte Zeitungen (1747), thus indirectly a partial autobiography. Edelmann assumed (unjustified according to Bamberger) that it was written by the Braunschweig Probst Joh. Christian Harenberg.
Edelmann was a German Pietist who having read Spinoza's Tractatus became an enthusiastic propagator of his philosophy. He published several books that brought him into big trouble and his books were burned at Frankfurt in May 1750.
As place of publication have been suggested Glückstadt bei Hamburg, Bad Berleburg and Altona. A part of this edition appeared dated 1747.
*Bamberger 425. Spinoza Bibliografie 37. Not in Van der Linde or Wolf.

FLUSSER, Emil (1888-1942)
Krieg als Krankheit. Geleitwort von Albert Einstein.
Heide in Holstein, Paul Riechert 1932.
[VIII],150p. Orig. printed wrappers, frayed at margins with minimal loss. (#15569)
€ 275

First (only) edition. Flusser was a Jewish physician from Bohemia. He worked as a pediatrician and in WW1 served in the Austrian army. With the publication of the present volume Flusser became a pioneer of the medical peace movement. Shortly after its publication it was burned by the Nazis and only few copies survived. There are a few copies in German libraries and none found in WorldCat.
‘Flusser saw war as a psychic epidemic, a manifestation of mass psychosis in which the faculties of reason and will power are greatly reduced while the effects are inordinately enhanced. He elaborated on the principal endogenous and exogenous causes of the illness which are responsible for war, and regarded the human propensity to form a collective, the herd instinct, and the group's susceptibility to affects, as the most important of the endogenous causes.'
*Peter van den Dungen, A forgotten precursor of the medical peace movement, (

[FORBONNAIS, François Véron de (1722-1800)]
Examen des avantages et des desavantages de la prohibition des toiles peintes.
A Marseille, chez Carapatria 1755.
12mo. 127p. Contemp. calf, gilt back with red label, marbled endpapers, red edges, back and corners little worn. Bound with two other works. (#30744)
€ 1250

First edition, rare. The importation and manufacture of printed or painted cloth was forbidden in France in 1686, at the instance of the wool and silk industry. Forbonnais here investigates the arguments for and against the prohibition. He favours a liberal policy, but a ‘libéralisme dirigé'. Pages 72-90 are taken by ‘Observations sur l'Examen', attributed to Vincent de Gournay.
*INED 4426. Goldsmiths' 9026. Mattioli 1303. Not in Kress or Einaudi.
Bound with: [François Véron de FORBONNAIS] Essai sur l'admission des navires neutres dans nos colonies [caption-title]. [No place, no publisher 1756 or 1759.] 107p.
First edition. Forbonnais here argues for a conditional admission of merchant ships of neutral countries to France's colonial ports in the interests of commerce. This (also) appeared the same year as the first part of Divers mémoires sur le commerce.
*INED 4424 (1759). Goldsmiths' 9481 (1759). Kress 5516 (‘Divers mémoires', 1756). Not in Einaudi or Mattioli. BnF (FRBNF31564872) dates this 1756.
And with: Jerome BELLONI (1688-1760) Dissertation sur le commerce. Traduite de l'italien par Mr. A*** [François Morénas]. A La Haye, aux depens de la Compagnie 1755. 72p.
Second French edition. Originally published in 1750 as De commercio ... Dissertatio.
*Kress 5419. Goldsmiths' 9014.

[FORBONNAIS, François Véron de (1722-1800)]
Principes et observations oeconomiques. [Volume 2:] Observations oeconomiques sur divers points du sistême de l'auteur du Tablau oeconomique.
A Amsterdam, chez Marc Michel Rey 1767.
4 parts in 2 volumes. Small 8vo (16 x 10 cm). [II],[2 errata],X,160,[2 errata],161-316; [IV],[2 errata],284p. With 4 folding tables to volume 1. Contemp. calf, gilt backs with double labels, red edges, marbled endpapers. (#37760)
€ 2500


First edition. These volumes include Forbonnais' objections against the Physiocratic theory of François Quesnay. The caption title of the second part of the first volume reads Observations sur le Tableau oeconomique and the caption title of the third part (the first part of the second volume) Observations sur divers points du sistême contenu dans les articles Grains and Fermier[s] de l'Enciclopédie, dans le prétendu extrait des Oeconomies Roïales & ailleurs. The first part treats some general economic subjects, like production, value, population, commerce, navigation and money. The small last part deals with the Milan land registry.
One of two issues of the first edition, no priority has been assigned. The other issue does not have the variant title page of the second volume.
*INED 4439. Kress 6434. Goldsmiths' 10277. Einaudi 1925. Mattioli 1305. Only Einaudi and Mattioli notice the variant title of the second volume.

GRAUMAN, Johan Philip [GRAUMANN, Johann Philipp] (1690-1762)
Het licht des koopmans ...
t'Amsteldam, by de erven van J.Ratelband 1737.
4to (24,5 x 19,5 cm). [XXXIV],319,[1 blank],23,[1 blank],127,[1 errata]p. Uncut in nineteenth-century plain vellum-backed marbled boards. Modern book plate. Printed on heavy paper. (#21449)
€ 750

First (only) edition. The long title does not fully reflects the contents of this work. It includes tables for exchange rates (‘Vergelyking der wissel-courssen') between Amsterdam and the various commercial cities of Europe (p.1-300), preceded by an instruction for the use of these tables (‘Instructie van ‘t gebruik der tafelen') (p.XVII-XXXIV). Then follows ‘Konstige machinen of rekenkundige werktuigen, in de wissel-handel' (p.301-319). The following part is ‘Bericht van de munten en wissel-handel, in de voornaamste koopsteden van Europa' (23p.), followed by ‘Uitvoerig bericht, van al het geene, dat by deze universaal-regels voornamentlyk moet in acht genomen worden, waar op de basis of de grondslag van dit geheele werk rust' (120p.), followed by an index to the complete work.
The author was one of the greatest monetary theorist of his time in Germany, credited with the successful reform of the monetary system in Brunswick and Prussia. He published an important treatise on the currency system and the circulation of money, in fact a theoretical plan for devaluation, in 1749 (Abdruck von einem Schreiben, die Deutsche und anderer Völcker Münz-Verfassung betreffend). At the time of publication of the present work Graumann lived in Amsterdam, working for the main Amsterdam merchant houses. A French translation of this (Le guide du negocint) appeared 1740, a German translation (Licht des Kaufmans) 1754.
*Kress 4337. Bierens de Haan 1796 (erroneously dating it 1749). EHB 383. Not in Goldsmiths'.

[GRAUMANN, Johann Philipp (1690-1762)]
Vernünftige Vertheidigung des Schreibens die teutsche und anderer Völker Münz-Verfassung betreffend, der so genanten gründlichen Prüfung desselben entgegen gesetzet. Nebst einem Anhange, worin die in der Erfahrung gegründete Ursachen von dem Steigen und Fallen des Gold- und Silber-Preises, und dem darauf sich gründenden Steigen und Fallen des Wechsel-Courses abgehandelt werden.
Berlin, Christian Friderich Voss 1752.
4to. [VIII],63,[1]p. Contemp. cream boards, back with ms. title. Stamp on verso of title ('ex bibliotheca fideicomm. Ernestii Aug'), old ms. library entries on first paste-down and free endpaper. An attractive copy. (#28970)
€ 450

First (only) edition. Graumann has been recognized as the greatest monetary theorist of his time in Germany, credited with the successful reform of the monetary system in Brunswick and Prussia. He published an important treatise on the currency system and the circulation of money, in fact a theoretical plan for devaluation, in 1749 (Abdruck von einem Schreiben, die Deutsche und anderer Völcker Münz-Verfassung betreffend). This was criticized by the Hannover merchant Julius Melchior Strube in 1751 and in the present volume Graumann replies to this criticism. Much rarer than the author's earlier work.
*Kress S.3920. Humpert 11102. Masui p.802.

GUARNIERI, Paolo Emilio.
Dell'impiegar la gente dissertazione.
In Verona, per gli eredi di Marco Moroni 1784.
XXIII,[1 blank],122,[2 errata]p. With an engraved title-page with medallion with the portraits of the author and the dedicatee within a decorate border, by Gergli (del) and Dion Valesi (inc). Uncut in contemp. limp boards, back worn. Modern bookplae to front paste-down. A very fresh copy. (#38946)
€ 1750

First edition, very rare. On employment is a plea for popular education and greater freedom of commerce, enabling the poor and unemployed to free them from dependence and misery. The author, architect and philosopher, was well acquainted with foreign enlightened writers, referring to a.o. Hume, Locke, Montesquieu, Rousseau, Vauban, Raynal and Ange Goudar.
With a long dedication to Francesco Griselini, Venetian naturalist, agronomist and enlightened philosopher and reformer.
*Not in Kress, Goldsmiths', Einaudi or Mattioli. There are 4 copies in Italian libraries, and WorldCat locates a single copy only outside Italy (Sistema Bibliotecario Ticinese, Lugano).

HORTON, Robert Wilmot (1784–1841)
Lectures on statistics and political economy, as affecting the condition of the operative and labouring classes. Delivered at the London Mechanics' Institution, in 1830 and 1831. With notes. To which are prefixed correspondence and resolutions, published in 1830 by a select class of members of the London Mechanics' Institution.
London, Edmund Lloyd 1832.
XVp. & 10 lectures with own title-pages of 32p. each separately paginated. Fine recent two-tone boards, marbled endpapers. Name to half-title and title, half-title frayed, title with a few spots. (#30440)
€ 750

First edition. The author is perhaps best remembered for his failed attempts to promote supported emigration of poor English and Irish families to Canada and Australia. Horton thought this the only solution for the redundancy of labour at home and the lack of labour in the colonies. Horton opposed the system of making up wages out of the Poor Fund which he saw as encouraging pauperism and even making it endemic. The reduction of workmen he argued would also enable the remaining population to coerce higher wages. Among the attendants of his lectures were Nassau Senior and Robert Owen and his lectures met with considerable enthusiasm. Rare complete.
*Kress C.3382. Goldsmiths' 27277.

HUME, David (1711-1776)
Vier Philosophen. Aus dem Englischen. [Followed by:] Apulejus Discurs über das Mittel glücklich zu seyn mit den Anmerkungen des Hrn. Professors Formey. Aus dem Französischen.
Glogau, bey Christian Friedrich Günthern 1760.
Small 8vo. [VIII],9-143p. Old marbled stiff wrappers, some wear. Stamp to verso of title, some markings to front endpaper. Mild browning throughout. (#37016)
€ 1500

First German edition. Hume's essays on the four philosophers, the Epicurian, the Stoa, the Platonist and the Sceptic, first appeared as the sixth to nineth essay in the second volume of the Essays, moral and political of 1742. The (anonymous) translation was not done after this English edition, but after the French translation of 1758 by J.B.Mérian, with the preface by J.H.S.Formey. A second edition, but without the Apulejus' Discurs, appeared 1768.
*Jessop p.10 & 18 (1768 only).

IMHOOFF, Jean Jacques.
L'Art de tenir les livres en parties doubles ou la science de faire écriture de toutes les négociations de banque, ou de commerce, ouvrage divisé en deux parties, dont la premiere contient: un traité raisonné qui enseigne la maniere de coucher sur les livres tous les objets rélatifs au commerce, & celle de tenir les écritures avec ordre & exactitude, &c. La seconde contient, le calcul des fractions rendu facile & à la portée de tout le monde: et enfin, une instruction sur la méthode de faire les écritures concernant l'économie rurale, &c.
A Vevey, chez l'auteur ... et se trouve à Genève, chez Barde, Manget & Compe ... et à Paris, chez Buisson 1786.
4to. [II],[2 errata],[III]-IV,[2],99, [3],35,[40],8,[3],25, [39],18,[16],12, [38],22,[12], 14,[40],66p. = 250 lvs. Contemp. half vellum, marbled boards, old names to front endpaper, minor defect in corner of front side. Signed by the author at end of the preface. (#31296)
€ 1250

First (only) edition. A rare Swiss accountancy book divided into two parts. The larger first part of the volume is a general introduction to double entry book-keeping. The second part deals with fractions in commercial arithmetic and exchange operations.
*Goldsmiths'-Kress 13244. HAL p.160 (erroneously calling for 265 leaves).

JUGLAR, Clement (1819-1905)
Des crises commerciales et de leur retour périodique en France, en Angleterre et aux Etats-Unis. Deuxième édition.
Paris, Guillaumin 1889.
XX,560p. With 17 mostly double-page tables and 7 large folding tables at end. Finely bound in recent half morocco, marbled sides and endpapers, t.e.g., orig. printed wrappers (stained and with some repairs) preserved. (#24403)
€ 1500

Second, considerably enlarged edition of a pioneering work on business cycle analysis, originally published in 1860. In this second edition Juglar continues his study of industrial fluctuations up to 1882. Though Juglar was a physician by training, like Quesnay, 'he must be ranked, as to talent and command of scientific method, among the greatest economists of all times'.
*Einaudi 3095. Mattioli 1762. New Palgrave II,p.1037. Schumpeter p.1123.

KRöNCKE, Claus (1771-1843)
Das Steuerwesen nach seiner Natur und seinen Wirkungen untersucht.
Darmstadt und Giessen, bey Georg Friedrich Heyer 1804.
Small 8vo. XXXII,440,[7 errata & advert.]p. Contemp. half calf, gilt back, marbled sides, red edges. Perforation stamp, blackened name on title. (#31877)
€ 750

First (only) edition. The author was a mathematician and road engineer by profession. He became Rhine building inspector and tax councillor in Hessen, and is remembered for his breakthrough of the Rhine in the Hessian Ried. He also occupied himself with economics, mostly relating to money and taxation, and Theocharis has credited him for being ‘the first German author known to have used mathematics in his economic writings'. This is his most important book.
‘Kröncke's main contribution is in the theory of money. He was the first author to introduce the velocity of circulation into the formula of the equation of exchange. The ideas was not his but he was the first, as far as I have been able to ascertain, to use symbolic writing for explaining the role of the velocity of circulation of money.'
*Kress B.4813. Mattioli 1877. Humpert 11880. Not in Goldsmiths'. R.D.Theocharis, Early developments in mathematical economics, p.100.

KRöNCKE, Claus (1771-1843)
Uber die geistlichen Wittwenkassen im Grossherzogthume Hessen, und über die Gräflich Erbach-Fürstenauische Diener-Wittwenkasse. Ein Beitrag zu den Berechnungen bey Gründung und Prüfung der Beamten-Wittwenkassen.
Darmstadt, G. Jonghaus 1842.
128p. Uncut and unopened in orig. printed wrappers. (#13750)
€ 450

First (only) edition. The author was a mathematician and road engineer by profession. He became Rhine building inspector and tax councillor in Hessen, and is remembered for his breakthrough of the Rhine in the Hessian Ried. He also occupied himself with economics, mostly relating to money and taxation, and Theocharis has credited him for being ‘the first German author known to have used mathematics in his economic writings'.
*Not in Utrecht or Humpert or in any of the other usual bibliographies. R.D.Theocharis, Early developments in mathematical economics, p.100.

KROPOTKIN, Petr Alekseevich (1842-1921)
L'Anarchie. Sa philosophie. Son ideal. Conférence qui devait être fait le 6 mars 1897 dans la salle du Tivoli-Vauxhall à Paris.
Paris, P.V.Stock 1896.
Small 8vo. 59p. Contemp. red cloth, gilt back. Bound with another work by the author. Bookplate to front paste down. (#40804)
€ 750

First edition. Inscribed by the author 'à Domela Nieuwenhuis/ fraternellement/ Pierre Kropotkine'. Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis (1846-1919) was the most important leader of the early socialist movement in the Netherlands. In the 1890's he became disappointed with parliamentary methods and started propagating social anarchism.
With the bookplate of F.B.Enthoven, the author of an early (1901) Dutch history of anarchism. Bound with: Pierre Kropotkine, La conquête du pain. Préface par Elisée Reclus. Cinquième édition. Paris, P.V.Stock 1895. XV,297,[2]p.

The origins of the indigenous inhabitants of America ... Grotius refuted

LAET, Joannes de (1581-1649)
Notae ad dissertationem Hugonis Grotii De origine gentium Americanum: et observationes aliquot ad meliorem indaginem difficillimae illius quaestionis. [Bound with:] Responsio ad dissertationem secundam Hugonis Grotii, De origine gentium Americanarum. Cum indice ad utrumque libellum.
Amstelodami, apud Ludovicum Elzevirium 1643-44.
2 volumes in 1. Small 8vo. 223, [IV],116,[8]p. Contemp. overlapping vellum, back with ms. title. Unobtrusive old repair to title and last leaf. (#33420)
€ 2150

First edition of both works. A severe criticism of Grotius treatise of the previous year in which he had tried to prove that the indigenous inhabitants of America originated from Norway, Ethiopia and China. Grotius's arguments were mostly based upon classical authors and supported the Christian and European version of the origin of man. De Laet reprinted Grotius' text in Italic adding his critical comments. De Laet, a geographer and director of the West Indian Company and author of the best early account of the Americas, based himself on the knowledge derived from the discoveries of modern explorers and colonists. He includes comparative vocabularies of Anglo-Scandinavian and native American languages.
Grotius self-conceit was hurt by De Laet's criticism and he published a second treatise in which he tried to refute De Laet's arguments, though with more abuse than logic. De Laet answered with a second reply, here found bound with.
*Ter Meulen & Diermanse 727 & 733. Willems 997 & 1007. Sabin 38561 & 38562. Muller 861. Bell L32.

A precursor of John Law

LA JONCHERE, Etienne Lecuyer de (1690-1740?)
Système d'un nouveau gouvernement en France. Seconde edition.
A Amsterdam, chez François le Bon 1720.
4 volumes in 1. 12mo (15,5 x 9 cm). [II],30,[2],96; [II],156; [II],192; [II],200,[4]p. With 4 folding tables (small tear in 2 tables). Contemp. calf, gilt back with red label, few old neat repairs, little rubbed. A few spots and some light staining, old name on title. (#23187)
€ 5000

A notoriously rare proposal for financial and governmental reforms similar to the scheme of John Law. The extreme rarity of this book has been explained by Law's eagerness to destroy as many copies as he could find to hide the fact that much of his own ideas were contained in this book.
‘[La Jonchère] advocates one sole tax, to be paid without privilege or exemption, by all Frenchmen without distinction, to consist of a percentage collected in money or in kind, on the general produce of the ground, mines, quarries, etc., by a ‘Compagnie du Commerce', to be formed for the purpose. This company was to have the monopoly of foreign trade, its shares being given as reimbursement of the price of all the offices sold by the king's predecessors and of the capital of the rents due to towns or individuals. The corn collected by the company was also to be entrusted with the recoinage and ‘diminuations' of the metallic currency, which were to bring it down to what La Jonchère calls ‘its intrinsic value'.'
The mention of ‘Seconde edition' is probably fictious. WorldCat does not locate any copy printed before 1720. The 1970 EDHIS reprint also from this ‘second' edition. The name and place of the publisher are probably fictious as well.
*INED 2517. Not in Kress, Goldsmiths', Einaudi or Mattioli. Palgrave I,p.537.

LAUTS, Ulrich Gerard Lauts (1787-1865)
Japan in zijne staatkundige en burgerlijke inrigtingen en het verkeer met Europesche natiën.
Amsterdam, G.J.A.Beijerinck, 1847.
VIII,[2],357,[1]p. Contemp. half red calf, back romantically gilt decorated, closed tear in back, little rubbed. (#36989)
€ 1750

First (only) edition. A comprehensive book on Japan by this Dutch professor of overseas history. The first part deals with Japanese institutions, history, sciences, industry, agriculture, clothing, education, manners and character. In the second part the author treats the relations with the European nations: with the Portuguese from 1536 to 1639, the English from 1613 to 1623, and extensively with the Dutch from 1600 to 1846. The third part deals with the attempts to open Japan to foreign trade.
In his preface Lauts claims that he, other than other writers on the subject, had been able to make use of the Dutch colonial archives and of oral information from the Dutch Ministry of Colonies and from the former head of Deshima J.Cock Blomhoff. Rare.
*Cordier c.504.

The controversy over the priority of the invention of the calculus

LEIBNIZ, Gottfried Wilhelm (1646-1716) & Johann BERNOULLI (1667-1748)
Commercium philosophicum et mathematicum. Ab anno 1694 ... ad annum 1716.
Lausanne & Geneva, Marci Michaelis Bousquet 1745.
2 volumes in 1. 4to. [IV],XXVIII,484; [II],492p. With 23 folding engraved plates and vignette on both titles. Contemp. half calf, gilt back with red label, sprinkled sides and edges. A very fine, remarkably fresh copy. Without the portrait of Leibniz added to some copies. (#32510)
€ 1500

First (only) edition. The important correspondence between Leibniz and Bernoulli, of great importance for the controversy over the priority of the invention of the calculus. Bernoulli had made thorough study of, and important contributions to infinitesimal calculus and sided with Leibniz in the controversy. It was a late answer to the Commercium Epistolicum, published already in 1712 by the Royal Society of London and 'thoroughly machined by Newton'.

LENIN, Nikolai [Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov] (1870-1924) & [Petr MASLOV (1867-1946)]
Ob agrarnoi programme. Otvet na kritiku nashego proekta programmy [in Cyrillic]. [At head:] X. Zum Agrarprogramm. - Lenin. Antikritik.
Zheneva, Ligi Russkoï Revoliutsionnoï Sotsial-demokraticheskaia Rabochaia [Geneva, League of Russian Revolutionary Social-Democratic Workers] 1903.
Small 8vo (17,5 x 11 cm). [II],42,[4]p. Small margins, but no loss. Title with small paper flaw in inner margin of title, no loss of text. Contemp. cloth-backed marbled boards. Preceded by a work by Friedrich Engels. (#28552)
€ 850

First edition. Published in the year of the split between the Bolshevik faction headed by Lenin and the Menshevik faction headed by Julius Martov. The present discussion on the agrarian program, Lenin defending nationalization and Maslov municipalization of the land, was ‘one of the main issues that divided both parties'.
*Zaleski 1457. Dekker & Nordemann Antiquarian Department, Catalogue 26 (1980): The two Russian revolutions. The libraries of Leon Bernstein and Boris Souvarine 746.
Bound with: Friedrich ENGELS (1820-1895) Krest'ianskii vopros vo Frantsii i Germanii. [Translated from the German by V.Perovaja. Edited and with the foreword by G.V.Plekhanov.] [in Cyrillic]. [At head:] Die Bauernfrage in Frankreich und Deutschland. Zheneva, Rossijskoj Social'demokraticeskoj Rabocej Partii [Geneva, Russian Social Democratic Workers' Party] 1904. 40p. Stamp on title.
First Russian edition. Originally published as an article in Die Neue Zeit, volume 12, 1894-95, p.292-306.
*Zaleski 1594.

LEPORIZZI, Galliano.
Metodo pratico per ragguagliare i cambj di tutte le piazze d'Europa all' uso degli scrittorj dei banchieri, o sieno negozianti di cambj. Edizione seconda.
Venezia, apppresso Gio: Battista Novelli 1766.
Folio (34 x 22 cm). [VIII],244p. Contemp. vellum, rubbed and little worn, back renewed, red sprinkled edges. (#24379)
€ 750

Second edition. A manual for the calculation of exchange rates between all major European cities. Written for the use of bankers and money changers by a Venice merchant. First published the previous year with a third edition in 1768.
*Goldsmiths' 10116 (1765). Riccardi I/2,c.33 (1765). Not in Kress, Einaudi or Mattioli.

[MANDEVILLE, Bernard (1670-1733)]
The mischiefs that ought justly to be apprehended from a whig-government.
London, printed for J.Roberts 1714.
40p. Disbound. Number in upper left corner of title. (#34275)
€ 750

First edition. A satire in the form of a dialogue between Tantivy and Loveright in support of the Whig party and policies. It was published in the same year as The fable of the bees. A second edition appeared the same year under the title Non-resistance an useless doctrine.

NACHOD, Oskar (1858-1933)
Die Beziehungen der Niederländischen Ostindischen Kompagnie zu Japan im siebzehnten Jahrhundert.
Leipzig, Rob. Friese Sep.-Cto 1897.
XXXIV,444,CCX,[1]p. Contemp. half cloth, back lettered gilt, marbled sides. Vague remainders of a label on the back, stamp on front free endpaper only. (#19336)
€ 350

NAIGEON, Jacques André (1738-1810)
Recueil philosophique ou mélange de pieces sur la religion & la morale. Par différents auteurs.
Londres [Amsterdam, Marc Michel Rey] 1770.
2 volumes in 1. Small 8vo. [IV],190, [IV],253,[1]p. Contemp. calf, back richly gilt, red edges, marbled endpapers. An old lithographed library ticket to front paste-down. (#38066)
€ 1500

First (only) edition. A collection of 15 enlightened and materialistic essays by various authors, including Dumarsais, Diderot, Freret, Holbach, Mirabaud, Levesque de Burigny and David Hume. Collected or translated by Naigeon, a French man of letters, contributor to the Encyclopédie, atheist, and friend of the baron d'Holbach.
Of particular interest are the two essays by David Hume, here published for the first time in any language, translated by d'Holbach: Dissertation sur l'immortalité de l'ame and Dissertation sur le suicide. These essays were written around 1755 and printed as part of a book with the title Five dissertations. It was distributed among a selected group of readers only. These two essays provoked great controversy among them and the publisher Andrew Millar convinced Hume, with great difficulty, to remove the two essays. They were replaced with the essay Of the Standard of Taste and the book was published with the title Four dissertations. The two essays were published for the first time in English only in 1777, shortly after Hume's death.
*Todd p.203. Jessop p.33-35 & 39 (at length). Vercruysse 1770.B2.

OBERTI, Finetto.
Aggiustamento universale di pesi, e misure de panni di lana, seta, lino, & vittouaglie, d'Europa, Asia, et Africa, necessario à negotianti.
In Venetia [Venice], per li Turini 1643.
Small 8vo. 88p. Contemp. limp vellum. Mildly browned througout, the first quire heavier. (#14687)
€ 2000

First edition. A highly successful manual for merchants that was several times reprinted until 1672. Oberti was a Genoese merchant and the book is not surprisingly compiled from a Genoese perspective. It includes figures for the measures of wool, silk, cloth and other sorts of textiles and for livelihood like oil and corn and also treats currencies for the purpose of exchange with the major cities in Europe, Africa and Asia.
*Kress, Italian 157. Riccardi I,c.209 (‘raro libretto'). Not in Kress, Goldsmiths', Einaudi or Mattioli.

ORESME, Nicolas (c.1320/5-1382) & Nicolaus COPERNICUS (1473-1543)
Traictie de la première invention des monnoies de Nicole Oresme. Textes français et Latin d'après les manuscrits de la Bibliothèque Impériale et Traité de la monnoie de Copernic. Texte latin et traduction française publiés et annotés par M.L.Wolowski.
Paris, Librairie de Guillaumin 1864.
Large 8vo. LXXII,CXXXIX,83,[1]p. Contemp. half red calf, raised bands, gilt decorated, back gilt lettered (sgd F.Garrett, Birmingham), some rubbing, top of back little defective. Half-title, title and last two leaves lightly stained, some 25 pages foxed. (#28776)
€ 850

First edition thus. Oresme's famous treatise on money Tractatus de origine, natura, jure et mutationibus monetarum was written about 1350. It was the first treatise entirely devoted to economics. It is here translated into French, preceded by a translation of Wilhelm Roscher's lecture of 1862 Un grand économiste français du quatorzième siècle, a biographical sketch of Oresme by Richard Séguin, and a study of Oresme's work by the translator Louis Wolowski. This is followed by the original Latin text of 1528, together with a French translation, of Copernicus' treatise on money Monete cudende ratio, preceded by a lecture on that work by Wolowski.
*Einaudi 4141. Mattioli 2622.

'The first practical statement of socialist doctrine‘

OWEN, Robert (1771-1858)
A new view of society; or, essays on the formation of the human character preparatory to the developement of a plan for gradually ameliorating the condition of mankind. Fourth edition. [Bound with:] An address delivered to the inhabitants of New Lanark, on the first of January, 1816, at the opening of the Institution established for the Formation of Character. Fourth edition.
London, printed for Longman, Hurst, Rees [etc.] 1818 & 1819.
Two works in 1 volume. VIII,176 & 48p. Entirely uncut and unopened. Contemp. thick plain boards, back with a few marks. A very fresh copy. (#20008)
€ 1450

The first work is Owen's most important work in which he outlines the principles of social reform. It has been acknowledged as ‘the first practical statement of socialist doctrine'. It consists of four parts: an introductory first essay, a second essay in which ‘the principles of the former essay [are] continued, and applied in part to practice', a third essay in which ‘the principles of the former essays [are] applied to a particular situation', and a final essay in which ‘the principles of the former essays [are] applied to government'. These four essays were originally issued separately in 1813 and 1814 and together for the first time in 1816 (as a 'second edition'), and again in 1817.
The second work prints verbatim Owen's speech at the opening of the Institution for the Formation of Character, a school for both young children and for adults. It is dedicated ‘to those who have no private ends to accomplish, who are honestly in search of truth, for the purpose of ameliorating the condition of society, and who have the firmness to follow the truth wherever it may lead, without being turned aside from the pursuit by the prepossessions or prejudices of any part of mankind'. It was first published in 1816.
*National Library of Wales 5 & 9. Kress C.137 & C.371. Goldsmiths' 22273 & 22702. Einaudi 4247 (first work only). Printing and the mind of man 271.

PAGE, Pierre François (1764-1805)
Traité d'économie politique et de commerce des colonies.
A Paris, chez Brochot An IX-An X [1800-02].
2 volumes. [VIII],XVIII,356,[1 errata, in facsimile]; XIII,[1],431p. With 10 folding tables. Contemp. calf, backs richly gilt with 2 labels, sides with gilt line borders, marbled endpapers. Half-title of first volume with tiny paper flaw. (#23231)
€ 2500

First edition. An important treatise on the commerce, trade and population of the French, English and Spanish colonies in America, Africa, Asia ans Australia. The author proposes a reorganization of the colonies and to develop its agricultural colonies in Africa, which would reduce the slave trade. Trafficking cannot compensate for the decrease in population in the Antilles, where black mortality is very high. It would be more logical to use blacks in their own country, therefore to establish colonies in Africa, than to transplant them at such great cost.
The second volume is entirely devoted to Saint Domingo, where the author was appointed commissioner of the colony in 1791. It is lacking in many sets.
*INED 3442. Kress B.4429 (first volume only). Sabin 58158 (first volume only). Martin & Walter 26281.

Birth control!

PLACE, Francis (1771-1854)
Illustrations and proofs of the principle of population: including an examination of the proposed remedies of Mr. Malthus, and a reply to the objections of Mr. Godwin and others.
London, printed for Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown 1822.
XV,[1 blank],280p. Contemp. half calf, expertly rebacked and recornered, gilt back with red label, green sprinkled edges. Title with a few brown spots and some vague soiling, a few brown spots on just a few other leaves. (#34143)
€ 2750

First edition. An important contribution to population theory, with outspoken advocacy of birth control. It was provoked by William Godwin's second reply to Malthus. ‘More sanguine than Malthus about the reform of institutions, he rejected Godwin's inconsistency and naivité. His defence of Malthusian principles and methods testifies to his own faith in individual effort and to the improvements in civilization he witnessed in his lifetime.'
‘Place lays great stress on the misery, poverty, and crime which so frequently result from large families; and insists that it should be clearly pointed out to the poor that the market can be overstocked with labour; that this caused the low rate of wages; that misery and poverty follow indiscretion; and that by voluntary restriction of families, the supply of labour might be brought rather under the demand.'
This is the author's only contribution to economic literature. Place was a radical reformer, friends with James Mill and Jeremy Bentham. He drafted the People's Charter in 1838, though he took no part in the later more extreme phase of Chartism, and greatly contributed to the legalization of trade unions.
*Kress C.943. Goldsmiths' 23493. Einaudi 4458. Not in Mattioli. Palgrave III,p.112. New Palgrave III, p.879.

SIEVEKING, Heinrich (1871-1945)
Genueser Finanzwesen mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Casa di S. Giogio.
Freiburg i. B., J.C.B. Mohr 1898-99.
2 volumes. XV,219; XV,259p. Orig. printed wrappers, some traces of use. Largely unopened. (Volkswirtschaftliche Abhandlungen der Badischen Hochschulen. Erster Band, drittes Heft & Dritter Band, drittes Heft) (#22434)
€ 125

I. Genueser Finanzwesen vom 12. bis 14. Jahrhundert. II. Die Casa di S. Giorgio.

SMITH, Adam (1723-1790)
Theorie der sittlichen Gefühle. Uebersetzt, vorgeredet, und hin und wieder kommentirt von Ludwig Theobul Kosegarten. [And:] Zweyter Band, welcher die Zusäzze zur sechsten Ausgabe enthält.
Leipzig, in der Gräffschen Buchhandlung 1791-95.
2 volumes in 1. [XXXII],463,[1 advert.], VIII,248,[1 errata]p. Contemp. boards, red edges, rubbed, corners and edges worn, back with part of covering paper gone. From the library of the German classicist Friedrich August Menke, with his name on front free endpaper. (#31736)
€ 2250

First edition of the second translation of Smith's Theory of moral sentiments, rare with the almost always lacking second volume. This translation was made after the sixth and final lifetime edition of 1790, which appeared a few months before Smith's death and includes substantial improvements and his last views on many specific points.
A first (incomplete) German translation appeared in 1770, done by Christian Günther Rautenberg after the third edition of 1767.
*Kress B.2212. Vanderblue p.42.

Kipper un Wipper

SPAIGNART, Christian Gilbert de (?-1632)
Theologische Müntzfrage, ob christliche evangelische Obrigkeiten, umb ihres eygen Nutzes willen, die Müntz von Zeit zu Zeiten, mit gutem Gewissen, schlechter und geringer können machen lassen? Kürtzlich und einfältiglich, nach inhalt dess heiligen ewigwehrenden Worts Gottes erörtert und beantwortet. [And:] Die Ander Theologische Müntz-frage, was evangelische Christfromme Obrigkeiten, bey jetzigem entstandenem bösen Müntzen, in acht nehmen sollen, damit sie, so viel müglich, ihres Gewissens pflegen können: Auff vielfeltiges so schrifft- so mündliches Anhalten und Begehren, nach Inhalt des ewigwehrenden Worts Gottes, erörtert und beantwortet.
Gedruckt zu Magdeburg, bey Johan Francken, 1621 [volume 1], Gedruckt zu Erffordt, bey Jacob Sachsen 1622 [volume 2].
2 volumes. 4to. [VIII],96; [XII]88p. Nineteenth-century sprinkled boards. Fine copies. (#41385)
€ 900

Two of the major publications of the ‘Tipper and See-saw time' by this Lutheran theologian and pastor in Magdeburg.
Due to the rising price of silver by the end of the 16th century silver coins of the German city-states became more worth than their nominal value. After the outbreak of the Thirty Years War currencies were debased to finance the high costs of the war and the coinage system of the Habsburg Empire fell into complete disorder. Coins were weighted to sort out the not-yet-debased pieces ('kippen und wippen') and melted and mixed with copper or other cheap metals and reissued.
It worked in the beginning but soon resulted in worthless coins and the complete disarray of the monetary system. Prices raised enormously and caused dreadful distress among the population. Popular protest arose and a great number of pamphlets denouncing the practice appeared between 1620 and 1622. By 1623 the debased coins were withdrawn, but the losses were carried by the impoverished population.
First volume: *Kress S.505. Goldsmiths'-Kress 00507.16. Humpert 10945,
Second volume: *Not in Kress or Goldsmiths'-Kress. Humpert 10946.

SüSSMILCH, Johann Peter (1707-1767)
Die göttliche Ordnung in den Veränderungen des menschlichen Geschlechts, aus der Geburt, dem Tode und der Fortpflanzung desselben erwiesen. Zwote und ganz umgearbeitete Ausgabe.
Berlin, Buchladen der Real Schule 1761-62.
2 volumes in 1. [VIII],[III]-XVI,576,114,[1]; [II],625[1],77p. With numerous tables in the text and 1 folding table at end. Wanting a dedication leaf before the preface. Contemp. half calf, gilt back with red label, marbled edges, little rubbed. (#39627)
€ 850

Second edition, much expanded with a second volume. The first complete and systematic treatise on demography and population statistics in Germany, building forth on the work of William Derham, John Graunt and William Petty. Süssmilch's Divine order in the circumstances of the human sex, birth, death and reproduction was an attempt to disclose the demographic phenomena that, as he thought, were regulated by the Divine Order. The work includes a fairly complete compendium of all the statistical literature up to his time. Schumpeter notes of Süssmilch that he 'may be said to have put vital statistics definitely on its feet by developing and systematizing the work of his English predecessors'.
This first appeared in 1741 in one small volume only.

TARDE, Gabriel (1843-1904)
Psychologie économique.
Paris, Félix Alcan 1902.
2 volumes. [VI],383; [IV],449p. Contemp. half cloth, backs lettered gilt, marbled sides. Name on front free endpapers. (#28583)
€ 225

First edition. 'This book is the substance of a course taught at the Collège de France in 1900-1901. It is the application to the economic field and, it seems to me, the confirmation of general ideas that I have long exposed. What is most characteristic in the point of view which I take to explore in my turn a field so often traveled was already in germ in several studies published by the Revue philosophique in 1881 and by the Revue d'économie politique several years later‘ (author's preface).

TRISTAN, Flora (1803-1844)
L'Emancipation de la femme ou le testament de la paria. Ouvrage posthume de Mme Flora Tristan complété d'après ses notes et publié par A.Constant. Deuxième édition.
Paris, au bureau de la direction de La Vérité, Guarin 1846.
16mo. 128p. Uncut in late nineteenth-century half cloth with marbled boards and endpapers. Very mild foxing. (#27453)
€ 950

Second edition, from the same year as the first edition. Flora Tristan's notes on female emancipation, posthumously edited by Alphonse Constant. It represents the ideas of Flora Tristan, but in a form which is not hers.
*Not in Kress, Goldsmith', Einaudi or Mattioli. We could locate only a single copy of the first edition (BnF) and only a few copies of this second edition worldwide.

TURGOT, Anne Robert Jacques (1727-1781)
Oeuvres de Mr. Turgot, ministre d'état, précédées et accompagnées de mémoires et de notes sur sa vie, son administration et ses ouvrages.
Paris, de l'imprimerie de Delance [first volume: de l'imprimerie de A.Belin] 1808-11.
9 volumes. With engraved portrait of Turgot by Tardieu after Ducreux. Mid-nineteenth century half calf, gilt backs with raised bands, marbled edges, sides and endpapers, bound by J.T.Heald, Wilmington, Del[aware]. From the library of Alexis and Elizabeth du Pont Rencourt, with their bookplate to all volumes. Portrait foxed. A very well bound set. (#26723)
€ 2500


First collected edition of the works of Turgot, edited by Dupont de Nemours, with his valuable annotations.
*Kress B.5464. Goldsmiths' 20226. Einaudi 5769 (with detailed contents).

A classic of international law that greatly influenced the thinking of the framers of the American constitution

VATTEL, Emer (Emmerich) de (1714-1767)
Le droit des gens, ou principes de la loi naturelle, appliqués à la conduite & aux affaires des nations & des souverains.
A Londres [but Neuchâtel] 1758.
2 volumes in 1. 4to. XXVI,[26 table of contents],541; [IV],[16 table of contents],375,[1 errata]p. Contemp. calf, back richly gilt with orange label, red edges, foot (ca.15 mm) of back with stabilized defect. A fresh copy. (#30363)
€ 2000

First edition. A classic of international law, reprinted many times (including a Leiden edition published later the same year) including translations into English and particularly popular in America. The author was a jurist and diplomat from Neuchâtel, influenced by Wolff, Leibniz and Hugo Grotius.
'No writer on the law of nations before Vattel had so consistently - and persistently - emphasized freedom, independence, and interdependence as the condition of states in their relations with one another. The authors of the American Declaration would soon adopt his repeated insistence that states were "free and independent" as the conception of their own states' condition. By doing so, they enacted Vattel's central contention that - in the words of his contemporary English translator - "independence is ever necessary to each state"; to secure that independence "it is sufficient that nations conform to what is required of them by the natural and general society, established among all mankind." In due course, this would become the standard modern definition in international law of independence as "the capacity to enter into relations with other states." It was no coincidence that the conception of statehood as independence found in the Declaration of Independence resembled Vattel's so closely ' (David Armitage, The Declaration of Independence: A global history, p.39-40).

ZUCCOLO, Lodovico (1568-1630)
Dialoghi ... De'saluti. Della eminenza della pastorale. Della bellezza. Della detta, e della disdetta. Della vergogna. Della clemenza. Della gelosia. Del flusso, e riflusso delle virtu, e de'vitij. Della città Felice. Dell' amore scambieuole fra'cittadini. Del piacere. De'terrori panici. Della republica d'Evandria. Della republica d'Utopia. De'varij fini degli huomini. Ne'quali con varietà di eruditione si scropono nuoui, e vaghi pensieri filosofici, morali, e politici.
In Venetia, appresso Marco Ginammi 1625.
4to. [XL],278,[2 blank]p., lvs a3 and a4 bound between b4 and c1. With woodcut priner's device on title and numerous woodcut initials. Contemp. carta rustica. Uncut with ample margins, upper margin unopened, vague water stain in blank outer margin throughout, small loss in lower margin of b4, far from printed text. (#38663)
€ 2000

Second much augmented edition. A first edition of 1615 was a small volume containing seven dialogues only. The present edition is the first to include the important commentary on Thomas More's Utopia, as well as Zuccolo's own ‘utopia': Il porto overo della Republica d'Evandria.
‘Zuccolo was read widely and achieved some fame in early modern Europe through his Aristotelian treatise on reason of state. The interpretation of Zuccolo as the author of
a couple of utopian writings is of particular interest for the study of the relationship with the
mainstream discourse of reason of state. In Evandria Zuccolo combines the use of stylistic and structural elements of the utopian genre with the development of a republican theory based on civic virtue and public education.' (S.Saracino)

All our books are complete and in good or fine condition, unless otherwise mentioned.
They are carefully described and appropriate bibliographical references have been added.
Delivery according to the general terms of sale of the Antiquarian Booksellers' Association of the Netherlands,
depot no. 212/1982 Amsterdam.

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