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'A more correct view of the theory of rent than ... Adam Smith‘
First Irish edition. James Anderson was a Scottish gentleman farmer and author of several works on rural economy, the corn trade and similar subjects, but he is particularly credited for his (in the present work) anticipating the Ricardian theory of rent, the first clear formulation of the law of diminishing returns.
These volumes 'show clearly that Anderson had a more correct view of the theory of rent than his greater contemporary and compatriot Adam Smith. Rent, he says, is a premium for the cultivation of the richer soils, reducing the profits of the cultivators to an equality with those of the cultivators of the poorer' (James Bonar in Palgrave). 'The association of rent with decreasing returns which was to be one of the most characteristic features of the Ricardian system, was established by Anderson' (Schumpeter).
These volumes also contain one of the earliest criticisms of Adam Smith's Wealth of nations. In a Postscript to letter thirteenth (volume II, p.109-224) Anderson writes: 'I have seen the very ingenious treatise of Dr. Adam Smith on the nature and causes of the wealth of nations; and am sorry to find, that I have the misfortune to differ in opinion from an author of such extensive knowledge, and liberal sentiments, on a subject of so much real importance as that which is here treated of'. Schumpeter considered Anderson 'one of the most interesting English economists of the late eighteenth century ... he had to an unusual degree what so many economists lack, Vision'.
The first edition was published in Edinburgh in 1777.
*Kress B.170. Goldsmiths' 11772. Einaudi 117 (the first edition). Schumpeter p.263ff. Palgrave I,p.39-40 & III,p.287.
Early Italian banking
Banco di Santo Ambrosio.
Delle leggi, contratti, et governo del Banco Santo Ambrosio della citta di Milano, stabiliti nella congregatione de' Signori Gouernatori di detto Banco. Il giorno di Lunedi, li due del mese d'Aprile M.D.CI. Accetati, & confermati dal Conseglio Generale de' Signori Sessanta di detta città. Giovedě 12. Luglio di detto anno.
In Milano, per Pandolfo Malatesta .
4to. 36,[11 patent by Juan de Velasco]p. Title with woodcut device of the bank, and several woodcut initials and ornaments in the text. Contemp. carta rustica. Printed on fine paper.(#31168)
First edition (?). A mathematical treatise on probability by this French philosopher and mathematician. The author had been a soldier and after the outbreak of the Revolution became mayor of his hometown Toul, member of the Directory of the department of La Meurthe and member and president of the municipal asembly of Toul.
Bicquilley was also the author of a Théorie élémentaire du commerce (1804), the 'first work in which the science of commerce was mathematically treated' (Wikipédia).
Though here stated as 'nouvelle édition' we did not find an earlier edition. WorldCat records a 'Nouv. éd.' dated An III-1805. A German edition appeared 1788.
First edition. A violent rejection of the existing social order in which the author holds that the three basic principles of present society: property, marriage and religion, violate the rights of nature. In the form of a catechism he argues for the restauration of the natural order by means of education, aiming at the equality of men and the community of goods. He thus holds pre-communist views much resembling those of Babeuf. A second edition of this appeared in 1792.
*Martin & Walter I,3846. Monglond I,c.313. INED 578. Not in Kress, Goldsmiths' or Einaudi. Lichtenberger p.52.
A complete system of the philosophy of science
First edition. In the Theory of science Bolzano attempted to design a complete system of the philosophy of science, including epistemology, scientific methodology and education, etc. Yet it is for his seminal contribution to logic that the author is now best remembered. Though initially of little influence his book was rediscovered by a.o. Husserl and Twardowski and this his magnum opus has now been acknowledged as one of the ground-breaking works in the history of logic.
Bolzano opposed the metaphysical idealism of Hegel and reverted to Leibniz's logicism. His logic is based upon the distinction between the logical meaning of a judgment and the actual awareness giving rise to the passing of that judgment. Logic is the doctrine of the possible, true and untrue, judgments contents that exist in themselves and can be examined, expressed or not.
Bolzano studied philosophy, mathematics and theology in Prague and became a catholic priest in 1805. He was appointed professor of philosophy of religion, but in 1820 dismissed and charged because of his liberal political views and anti-militarist agitation. Though cleared of all charges after a long ecclesiastical trial he was still forbidden to teach and to have his works published. Though the present work was finished already in 1830 it could therefore not appear before 1837.
BüCHNER, Ludwig (1824-1899)
Kraft und Stoff. Empirisch-naturphilosophische Studien. In allgemein-verständlicher Darstellung.
Frankfurt a. M., Verlag von Meidinger Sohn & Cie 1855.
Small 8vo. XVI,269,p. Contemp. half green cloth, gilt back, almost invisibly rebacked with original gilt back laid down. (#30659)
'the only man who thought on these topics exactly as I did‘ (Adam Smith)
First edition, first impression. Burke's most important treatise in the field of economics. Burke's famous attack on the French revolution seems to have overshadowed the fact that he was also a skilled economist. He was an ardent advocate of the capitalist market economy and Adam Smith is reported to have said of him 'that he was the only man who, without communication, thought on these topics exactly as he did'.
In the present work Burke maintains that labour is a commodity like every other, subject to all the laws and principles of trade. Though he admits that the condition of the labouring classes can be hard, he still holds that 'it would be pernicious to disturb the natural course of things, and to impede, in any degree, the great wheel of circulation which is turned by the strangely directed labour of these unhappy people'.
‘Mr Burke protests, in the most energetic manner, in this celebrated tract, against all attempts to interfere, in seasons of scarcity, with the prices of corn or the wages of labour; and he shows that though the pressure of scarcities may ben alleviated, it is not possible by any scheme of charity to exempt the labouring classes from the privations and sufferings incident to such calamitous periods.‘
*Todd 74a. Kress B.4086. McCulloch p.71 (at length). New Palgrave I,p.299.
First and only edition. A rare analysis of the terms 'currency' and 'price', though without deep theoretical insight an impressive collection of data that has been of great use for later economists. The author provides the means to compare the value of gold and silver coins used in Venice with the currencies used in various Italian cities as well as in Cadiz, Lisbon, Constantinople, Alexandria, Vienna and England, shown in the impressive tables. Cappello attempted to end the monetary disorder in Venice and wanted to banish foreign currencies as means of payment. In his opinion foreign currencies should be treated as all other goods for sale, and therefore subjected to market forces.
*Kress 5187. Kress, Italian 281. Goldsmiths' 8725. Einaudi 860. Palgrave I, p.217.
A manual for moneychangers, following the official ordinance of March 1633. It depicts both sides of 1685 coins in their actual size, with descriptive text and their exchange rate. Included are the gold and silver coins in circulation in all European countries. It was also used to detect counterfeit money and a few counterfeit coins are also reproduced. The text of the ordinance is reproduced on the first seven pages. Also published in French by the same publisher the same year.
First edition thus. A much enlarged edition of a famous plea for commercial and industrial freedom originally published (and several times reissued) in 1662 as a small volume with the title Interest van Holland. The True interest and political maxims of the Republick of Holland (the title of the English edition) expresses much of the ideological background of the Dutch Republic in the seventeenth century.
The book was translated into German, French (as Mémoires de Jean de Witt!) and English (... by John de Witt!), apparently not without success because these translations too went through several editions, even in the eighteenth century.
*Wildenberg 1111. Knuttel, Verboden boeken 4. Carpenter, The economic bestsellers before 1850 6. Goldsmiths'-Kress 01895.1.
Bound with: Pieter de HUYBERT (1622-1697) Apologie tegens de algemeene, en onbepaelde vryheyd, voor de oude Hollandsche regeeringe ... Middelburg, Karel de Vrye 1669. 127p.
The education of the deaf and dumb
CZECH, Franz Herrmann (1788-1847)
Versinnlichte Denk- und Sprachlehre, mit Anwendung auf die Religions- und Sittenlehre und auf das Leben. [Bound with:] Nothwendigkeit der allgemein einzuführenden Elementar-Bildung der Taubstummen ...
Vienna, gedruckt und in Commission der Mechitaristen-Congregations-Buchhandlung 1836-37.
2 volumes in 1. 4to. XXI,[2 table],[1 blank],25-441,[3 errata]; 33,p. With an engraved frontispiece, 67 plates, 4 maps (2 folding), and numerous woodcut figures in the text. Contemp. half calf, back richly gilt with raised bands, marbled sides, yellow edges. A very fine copy printed on fine paper. (#29945)
First (only) edition. A complete set of this journal collecting documents on commercial and political history, demography, statistics, etc., including documents never published before, mostly in German but some in French. Included are, among many other pieces, a German translation of Thomas Paine's Common sense, the charter and statutes of the Royal Danish Asian Company, documents on the Spanish economy taken mostly from Ustariz, on France's population and commerce, including John Law's Mémoire sur l'usage de monnoyes (in French), the petition of West Indian plantation owners on the present unrest in America, two of Turgot's edicts (on the suppression of the corvées and on the dissolution of the guilds), documents on the wars between France and England and the sea war between the Dutch Republic and England, the conflict between the duke of Brunswick and the city of Amsterdam, the treaty of peace between the Republic and the North American states, the first printing of Ezechiel Spanheim's Relation de la Cour de France faite au commencement de l'année 1690 (in French), an important source for the history of Louis XIV and his court, and numerous documents on the history, commerce, administration, population, agriculture, industry, etc. of the European nations during the 1770's.
Dohm was a German diplomat, historian and enlightened political thinker. He is best remembered for his important contribution to the emancipation of the Jews (Ueber die Bürgerliche Verbesserung der Juden, 1781-83), written on the request of his friend Moses Mendelssohn. He is also the author of an important critique of Physiocracy (Ueber das physiokratischen System, 1782).
*Kress-Goldsmiths' 11531. Humpert 12331. Not in Kress.
First (only) edition. Statistical investigations into the effect of smallpox on the mortality of the population and the effect smallpox vaccination can have on the the rate of mortality and life expectancy, divided into various classes of age. The mortality tables in this volume have long been in use in France. The author was born in Geneva from an ancient Huguenot family. He was a member of the Académie des Sciences and head of the statistical department of population in the office of the French ministry of the Interior.
*McCulloch p.274. Palgrave I,p.660.
First separate edition. A series of articles published in the mentioned years in the journal Volksstaat, with a preface and a postface dated 1894. Contains: Abermals Herr Vogt, Die Bakunisten an der Arbeit, Zwei Flüchtlings-Kundgebungen, and Soziales aus Russland.
*Rubel 72. Erstdrucke p.40.
First English edition, presentation copy, with a letter
ENGELS, Friedrich (1820-1895)
The condition of the working class in England in 1844 with appendix written 1886, and preface 1887. Translated by Florence Kelley Wischnewetzky.
New York, John W. Lovell Company .
[IV],VI,199, [1 translator's note], IX [appendix], II [index], [1 blank] p. Orig. brown cloth, back gilt lettered, t.e.g. Presentation copy inscribed by the translator on first blank to Joseph Dietzgen.(#31563)
The Ephemerides du citoyen was the major journal of Physiocracy. ‘As an early if not the first, economic journal, the Ephemerides remains an important part of economic literature and an indispensable source for those interested in the study of Physiocracy.'
It was founded in 1765 by Nicolas Baudeau and the marquis de Mirabeau as a bi-monthly under the title Ephemerides du citoyen ou chronique de l'esprit national, but soon changed its title into the present and appeared monthly. After May 1768 it was edited by Dupont de Nemours, until it was forbidden after the third volume of 1772. After Turgot had become minister a new series was started as Nouvelles éphémérides économiques, but it was again ceased in June 1776 on his dismissal.
The present volumes include contributions by a.o. Dupont de Nemours (Lettre à M. de Saint-Péravy contenant l'analyse et la réfutation de l'Essai analytique sur la richesse et l'impôt, and Analyse des voyages d'un philosophe), François Quesnay (Lettres d'un fermier et d'un propriétaire), Nicolas Baudeau (Analyse de la physiocratie de Dupont de Nemours), and Mirabeau (Education économique des filles). Of particular interest is a contribution by Benjamin Franklin on the troubles between England and the American colonies (volume 8, p.159-192): Réponses de M. Franklin, au second interrogatoire qu'il subit devant la Chambre des Communes du Parlement d'Aangleterre.
*INED 1737. Palgrave I,p.743-747. New Palgrave II,p.166.
Volume 11 has bound at end: Lettre à M. de La Place, auteur du Mercure de France, sur un moyen assuré de détruire les courtillières. Paris, L.Cellot 1767. 11p. With an engraved plate. *WorldCat identifies only an edition Strasbourg, Christmann & Lerrault, 1767. Not in BnF. Also in this volume: [François QUESNAY or François Véron de FORBONNAIS] Supplement au onzième tome des Ephemerides du citoyen, pour l'année 1768, ou Examen de l'examen du livre intitulé, Principes sur la liberté du commerce des grains [by Louis-Paul Abeille]. ,2,75-94, 23-24,97-120, 49-50,123-142p., thus complete. *Goldsmiths'-Kress 10432. Facsimile reprints appeared in 1988 and 2005.
Volume 12 has bound at end: [Jean François VAUVILLIERS] Lettre d'un gentilhomme des états de Languedoc à un magistrat du parlement de Rouen, sur le commerce des bleds, des farines et du pain. [No place] 1768. [II],47p. *INED 4405 (and p.35 for an uncertain attribution to Baudeau).
FLORI, Lodovico (1579-1647)
Trattato del modo di tenere il libro doppio domestico col suo esemplare. Composto dal padre Lodovico Flori della Compagnia di Giesu. Per uso delle case, e collegii della medesimà Compagnia nel Regno di Sicilia.
In Palermo, per Decio Cirillo 1636.
3 parts in 1 volume. Folio. [IV],126,p. & 2 folding lvs., [III]p., 32 lvs, p., 50 lvs, p. Contemp. vellum, few minor imperfections. Vague water stain in uppermargin, a few small marginal ink spots and some foxing and browning as may be expected, upper outer corner of second half rounded without any loss of text. (#20193)
GOBINEAU, Joseph Arthur de (1816-1882)
Les religions et les philosophies dans l'Asie centrale.
Paris, Didier 1865.
IV,543,p. Later half cloth, back with gilt calf label, marbled sides, orig. printed wrappers (soiled) preserved. Occasional foxing in the first half of the volume but a nice copy. (#37792)
[GRAUMANN, Johann Philipp (1690-1762)]
Vernünftige Vertheidigung des Schreibens die teutsche und anderer Völker Münz-Verfassung betreffend, der so genanten gründlichen Prüfung desselben entgegen gesetzet. Nebst einem Anhange, worin die in der Erfahrung gegründete Ursachen von dem Steigen und Fallen des Gold- und Silber-Preises, und dem darauf sich gründenden Steigen und Fallen des Wechsel-Courses abgehandelt werden.
Berlin, Christian Friderich Voss 1752.
4to. [VIII],63,p. Contemp. cream boards, back with ms. title. Stamp on verso of title ('ex bibliotheca fideicomm. Ernestii Aug'), old ms. library entries on first paste-down and free endpaper. An attractive copy. (#28970)
First German edition
GROTIUS, Hugo (1583-1645)
Drey Bücher vom Rechte des Krieges und des Friedens, darinnen das Recht der Natur und der Völcker, wie auch die vornehmsten Sachen desjenigen Rechtes, welches von der Regierung eines Staates handelt, erkläret, und die Anmerckungen des Verfassers hinzugefüget werden. Aus dem Lateinischen ins Deutsche übersetzet durch P.B. S[inold] g[enannt] Schütz. Nebst einer Vorrede Herrn Christian Thomasii.
Leipzig, Friedrich Groschuff 1707.
4to. VI,84,,1248,p. With an engraved allegorical frontispiece with inset portrait of Grotius, and an engraved vignette. Contemp. panelled calf, back with gilt lettered label, sprinkled edges, very light wear to upper joint. A very nice copy. (#31521)
One of three editions from the same year. Includes Grotius' Mare liberum, Paulus Merula's Dissertatio de maribus, Marcus Zuerius Boxhorn's Apologia pro navigationibus Hollandorum, adversus Pontum Heuterum and the Tractatus pacis, mutui commercii, sive intercursus navigationum [of 1495].
*Ter Meulen & Diermanse 545. Willems 385.
First edition, very rare. A speech on the rent control problem held before the Nationalökonomischen Gesellschaft in Vienna 18 December 1928. Hayek treated the subject again in 1930 in the article The repercussions of rent restrictions (Schriften des Vereins für Sozialpolitik 182), 'freely translated' in the 1972 volume Verdict on rent control. Both articles formed the substance of his article on the subject in the 1975 volume Rent control: a popular paradox, edited together with Milton Friedman and others.
First edition of the author's second book. It is the result of his three-year tour to study the social and economic conditions on the continent in the aftermath of the Napoleonic wars. His observations are accompanied with anecdotes demanded by his publisher to make the work amusing, and with considerations on good government and administration. Hodgskin's concern with social and economic justice forecasts his later involvement in trade unionism and socialism.
Hodgskin is best remembered for his defence of the right of labourers to 'combine' and for his denouncement of the appropriation of the most part of value produced by the labour of industrial workers as illegitimate (Labour defended against the claims of capital, 1825). It influenced generations of trade unionists and socialists, including Karl Marx.
*Kress C.551. Goldsmiths' 22760.
First edition, rare. An important critique of the policy of the Dutch East Indian government, essentially feudal, in which indigenous regents or lords were supported by the Dutch in return for tributes. It influenced the policies of Raffles and Daendels and the more liberal administration of the Dutch after the abolition of the cultivation system.
Van Hogendorp, brother of the Dutch statesman Gijsbert Karel van Hogendorp, had been in the service of the East India Company for 15 years. In this report - translated as Report on the present state of the Batavian possessions in the East Indies and its trade - he pleads for a more liberal policy, reforms in the administration and the taxation sytem, property rights for the Javanese, greater freedom of trade, etc.
The greater part is taken by a description of Java and its trade. This is followed by chapters on the Cape of Good Hope, Ceylon (Sri Lanka), the Malabar Coast, Soeratte, Bengal, the westcoast of Sumatra, Borneo (Kalimantan), Macassar, the Moluccas, Amboyna, Banda, Malacca, Palembang, the trade to Japan and to China, and Timor.
The publication of his report aroused great displeasure by the governor-general Nederburgh and Van Hogendorp was arrested, but escaped. After his return to the Netherlands he continued his fight for a more liberal policy, in the committee to formulate a new colonial policy after the liquidation of the East India Company, and by the publication of various pamphlets. The following years he held various official positions, as a diplomat in St Petersburg and other places, as secretary of war in Holland under Louis Bonaparte and, after the annextion of the Netherlands by Napoleon in 1810, as a general in the Grande Armée. Unable to return to the Netherlands after the fall of the Empire he moved to Brazil where he died in 1822.
HOGENDORP, Dirk van (1761-1822) [& Cornelis van der OUDERMEULEN (1735-1794)]
Stukken, raakende den tegenwoordigen toestand der Bataafsche bezittingen in Oost-Indie en den handel op dezelve. Kunnende dienen ter beantwoording der vraag 'of den handel op Oost-Indie niet anders dan door eene maatschappij, met een uitsluitend voorrecht voorzien, en het bestuur over de bezittingen aldaar hebbende, kan gedreven worden'.
In Den Haag en te Delft, by J.C.Leeuwesteyn & M.Roelofswaert 1801.
[II],464p. With 6 folding tables. Uncut in contemp. sprinkled boards. (#38257)
HOGENDORP, Gijsbert Karel van (1762-1834)
Memorie over den tegenwoordigen staat van den handel en de culture in de Oost-Indische bezittingen van den staat.
Te Amsterdam, by de wed. J.Doll 1804.
192,8p. Uncut in contemp. sprinkled boards. (#31796)
An important collection of economic texts. Mauvillon's French translation of Hume's Political discourses first appeared in 1754 with the Amsterdam publisher Schreuder & Mortier. The publishers found so much interest in the book that they decided to publish more works on economics, keeping the title Discours politiques. The third volume includes Cantillon's seminal treatise Essai sur la nature du commerce en général, 'the most systematic statement of economic principles before Adam Smith's Wealth of nations'. It is here published one year after the original edition and in the year of the second edition.
1. Discours politiques de Mr. David Hume, traduits de l'Anglois par Mr. de M**** [Mauvillon]. 1761. [IV],355p.
2. Discours politiques. Tome second. [Essai sur les intérêts du commerce maritime, by Pierre André O'Heguerty; Considérations sur les finances d'Espagne, by François Véron de Forbonnais; Reflexions sur la necessite de comprendre l'etude du commerce et des finances dans celle de la politique, by the same; Reflexions politiques sur l'etat present de l'Angleterre, principalement a l'egard de ses taxes et de ses dettes, et sur leurs causes et leurs consequences, traduites de l'Anglois de Mylord Bolingbroke; Ouvrages sur le commerce, les finances, &c. Qui ont paru depuis deux à trois ans.] 1756. [VIII],324p.
3. Discours politiques. Tome troisieme. [Discours prononcés au Parlement d'Angleterre, dans la Chambre des Pairs, pour et contre la liberté du commerce au Levant, avec le Bill ou loi intervenue a ce sujet. Essai sur la nature du commerce en general. Traduit de l'Anglois. By Richard Cantillon.] 1756. [VI],428p.
4 & 5. Discours politiques. Tome quatrieme & cinquieme. [Les interets de la France mal entendus dans la branche de l'agriculture de la population, des finances, du commerce, de la marine, & de l'industrie, by Ange Goudar.] 1757. 2 volumes. [XX],462; [X],340p.
First (only) edition. A rare Swiss accountancy book divided into two parts. The larger first part of the volume is a general introduction to double entry book-keeping. The second part deals with fractions in commercial arithmetic and exchange operations.
*Goldsmiths'-Kress 13244. HAL p.160 (erroneously calling for 265 leaves).
First edition. Inscribed by the author 'à Domela Nieuwenhuis/ fraternellement/ Pierre Kropotkine'. Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis (1846-1919) was the most important leader of the early socialist movement in the Netherlands. In the 1890's he became disappointed with parliamentary methods and started propagating social anarchism.
With the bookplate of F.B.Enthoven, the author of an early (1901) Dutch history of anarchism. Bound with: Pierre Kropotkine, La conquête du pain. Préface par Elisée Reclus. Cinquième édition. Paris, P.V.Stock 1895. XV,297,p.
LAUTS, Ulrich Gerard Lauts (1787-1865)
Japan in zijne staatkundige en burgerlijke inrigtingen en het verkeer met Europesche natiën.
Amsterdam, G.J.A.Beijerinck, 1847.
VIII,,357,p. Contemp. half red calf, back romantically gilt decorated, closed tear in back, little rubbed.(#36989)
LA VALETTE, Charles Jean Marie Félix, marquis de (1806-1881)
Les établissements généraux de bienfaisance placés sous le patronage de l'Impératrice. Maison des Quinze-Vingts. Hospice du Mont-Genèvre. Maison de Charenton. Institution des sourds-muets de Paris. Institution des jeunes aveugles. Institution des sourdes-muettes de Bordeaux. Asile Impérial de Vincennes. Asile Impérial du Vésinet. Institution des sourds-muets de Chambéry. Monographies présentées à Sa Majesté ...
Paris, Imprimerie Impériale 1866.
Large folio. XXIV,394p. With and engraved portrait of the Empress Eugenie at head of the dedication, and 39 engraved plates (partly on China paper, 2 in colour), of which 15 are floor plans (6 double-page) and 9 views of the various institutions etched by Léon Gaucherel. Contemp. half morocco, gilt back in compartments, marbled sides and endpapers. Some foxing throughout. (#40014)
The controversy over the priority of the invention of the calculus
LEIBNIZ, Gottfried Wilhelm (1646-1716) & Johann BERNOULLI (1667-1748)
Commercium philosophicum et mathematicum. Ab anno 1694 ... ad annum 1716.
Lausanne & Geneva, Marci Michaelis Bousquet 1745.
2 volumes in 1. 4to. [IV],XXVIII,484; [II],492p. With 23 folding engraved plates and vignette on both titles. Contemp. half calf, gilt back with red label, sprinkled sides and edges. A very fine, remarkably fresh copy. Without the portrait of Leibniz added to some copies. (#32510)
Early editions of a much used manual for commercial arithmetic, rare complete in four volumes. The various parts were published separately and reprinted many times from the end of the 17th until the mid of the 19th century, revised and brought up to date by various other writers. Though separately parts are well represented in libraries complete sets are rare in the trade.
The various parts:
Het eerste deel. Van de gronden, en beginselen der reeken-konst, en het gebruik van dien: mitsgaders de reegel van drien in geheele getallen. Den tienden druk. 1717.
Het tweede deel, van de gronden, en beginselen der reekenkonst; aangaande de gebrooken getallen, en het gebruik van dien; mitsgaaders de reegel van drien in 't gebrooken, en de praktyk, of gebruikelyke reekening. Den zeevenden druk. 1714.
Het derde deel. Waar in veel noodige, en dienstige zaaken, des aangaande, ordentlyk by een gestelt zyn, en berigt worden. Den vyfden druk. 1718.
Het vierde deel. Waar in (tot vervolg van 't voorgaande) gehandeld word van veele noodige, en dienstige zaaken van dien. Den vijfden druk. 1718.
*Bierens de Haan 2767-2774. EHB 544.
First French edition. Originally published in English in 1724 under the title A modest defence of public stews, or, an essay upon whoring. In its form it is a satirical defence of brothels, but its purpose is utilitarian: ‘The public stews will not encourage men to be lewd, but they will encourage them to to exercise their lewdness in a proper place, without disturbing the peace of the society, and with as little detriment to themselves as possible'.
MARQUARD [or MARQUART], Johann (1610-1668)
Tractatus politico-juridicus de iure mercatorum et commerciorum singulari ...
Francofurti, ex officina Thomae Matthiae Götzii [Frankfurt, Thomas Matthias Götz] 1662.
2 parts in 1 volume. Folio. [XII],572, ,156,158-213,215-278,277-744,p., thus complete. With an engraved frontispiece. Contemp. vellum, little wrinkled, neat repair to top of back. Worming in outer margin mostly in second half not affecting text. Some mild browning, small stamp on frontispiece and in the margin of a few other pages. Bound with another work of minor importance. (#33979)
MILL, James (1773-1836)
Elements of political economy.
London, printed for Baldwin, Cradock, and Joy 1821.
VIII,235,[1 blank],[237-240,8 publisher's advertisements]. Uncut in fine recent half calf, gilt back with red label, marbled sides. A very fine copy.(#19997)
First (only) edition. A collection of 15 enlightened and materialistic essays by various authors, including Dumarsais, Diderot, Freret, Holbach, Mirabaud, Levesque de Burigny and David Hume. Collected or translated by Naigeon, a French man of letters, contributor to the Encyclopédie, atheist, and friend of the baron d'Holbach.
Of particular interest are the two essays by David Hume, here published for the first time in any language, translated by d'Holbach: Dissertation sur l'immortalité de l'ame and Dissertation sur le suicide. These essays were written around 1755 and printed as part of a book with the title Five dissertations. It was distributed among a selected group of readers only. These two essays provoked great controversy among them and the publisher Andrew Millar convinced Hume, with great difficulty, to remove the two essays. They were replaced with the essay Of the Standard of Taste and the book was published with the title Four dissertations. The two essays were published for the first time in English only in 1777, shortly after Hume's death.
*Todd p.203. Jessop p.33-35 & 39 (at length). Vercruysse 1770.B2.
A classic of the Mathematical School of economics
PANTALEONI, Maffeo (1857-1924)
Principii di economia pura.
Firenze [Florence], G.Barbèra 1889.
Small 8vo. 376p. Orig. blue cloth. Small vague stamp on title below imprint. Errata-slip inserted after title leaf. (Manuali Barbèra di scienze giuridiche, sociali e politiche VIII) (#29858)
PARETO, Vilfredo (1848-1923)
Manuale di economia politica con una introduzione alla scienza sociale.
Milan, Società Editrice Libraria 1906.
Small 8vo. XII,579p. Orig. dark red cloth, gilt lettered, red edges. (Piccola Biblioteca Scientifica 13)(#23341)
PARETO, Vilfredo (1848-1923)
Manuel d'économie politique. Traduit sur l'édition italienne par Alfred Bonnet (revue par l'auteur).
Paris, V.Giard & E.Brière 1909.
[IV],695,p. Contemp. half red morocco, gilt back, marbled sides and endpapers. Fine copy. (#23343)
First (only) edition. A plea for the reform of Italian law, originally published in Italian (Di una riforma d'Italia, 1767), that brought its author international fame. Pilati di Tassulo was an Italian jurisconsult, freethinker, and a prolific writer on political and juridical matters. He travelled through France, Holland, Prussia, Austria and Denmark to study the different forms of government of these countries. He became highly respected in his field and was consulted on questions of legal reform by among others the Austrian emperor Joseph and by Frederick II of Prussia.
First complete edition. In this his great work Concerning the harmony of the earth Postel advocates a universalist world religion (Christianity), a united world (under French supremacy) and a universal law (natural law), resulting in general world peace. The thesis of the book is that all Jews, Muslims and heathens could be converted to the Christian religion since all religions have common foundations and Christianity best represents these foundations, 'the love of God, the praising of God, the love of Mankind, and the helping of Mankind'. In the first two books Postel set forth the basic dogmas of Christianity and the teachings of Mohammed and the Quran. In the third book Postel treats natural law and the doctrines of the various religions. In the fourth book he examines in which way Jews, Muslims and heathens could be converted to Christianity. This book includes also (p.350) a passage concerning the evangelization of the American Indians.
Guillaume Postel was a French humanist, linguist, familiar with Arabic, Hebrew, and Syriac and other Semitic languages, mystic, diplomat, and religious universalist, affiliated with the Company of Jesus, though not a member.
This edition is of particular importance for the annotations attributed to Theodore Bibliander (1509-1564), a Swiss Orientalist and controversionalist and editor of the first edition in Latin of the Quran, published in Basel in 1543, like the present volume by Oporin. These annotations were most likely added without Postel's knowledge and caused the work to be included in the Louvain Index with the annotation: 'Annotationes in Guilielmum Postellum de orbis terrae concordia, incerti authoris'. The first book, here occupying page 1-125, was published in Paris in 1543 by Pierre Gromors at the cost of the author.
*Adams P2020. Brunet IV, 840. Sabin 64524.
Bound with an incomplete copy of Joachim Vadianus' Epitome trium terrae partium, Asiae, Africae et Europae, 1534.
First (only) edition. A work on forensic and non forensic accounting, which according to the author's preface includes 'dasjenige, was zum aussergerichtlichen und gerichtlichen Verfahren bey Abnahm, Revision und Justificatur der Rechnungen, Untersuchungen gegen die Rechnungsführer, dann ihrer und der Revidenten begehenden Verbrechen, bey vorfallenden Streitigkeiten über Rechnungssachen gehöret, und was sowohl der Rechtsgelehrte als der Rechnungsverständige wissen muss'.
*Humpert 12410. Not in HAL.
[SAINT-PIERRE, Charles Irénée Castel de (1658-1743)]
Projet pour rendre la paix perpetuelle en Europe.
Utrecht, chez Antoine Schouten 1713.
2 volumes. Small 8vo. [VI],400,; [II],423,p. With engraved frontispiece and portrait to volume 1. Contemp. blonde calf, backs richly gilt with red label, marbled sides with gilt line borders, red edges, minor defect at foot of back of first volume. A very nice set.(#23162)
SAVARY, Claude Etienne (1750-1788)
Brieven over Egypte; in welken de zeden van 's lands oude en hedendaagsche inwooners met elkander vergeleeken, en de tegenwoordige staat des lands ... beschreeven worden. Uit het Fransch in 't Nederduitsch overgebragt. Met de aantekeningen zoo van ... Johan Gottlieb Schneider ... uit den Hoogduitschen druck ontleend, als van den Nederduitschen vertaaler, vermeerderd.
Amsterdam, Martinus de Bruijn 1788-89.
3 volumes. XVI,446; XVI,364; XIV,390p. With 2 folding maps, a folding plan of Alexandria and a folding plan of the interior of the Great Pyramid. Early nineteenth-century half cloth, gilt backs, marbled sides. Book plate to front paste downs. A nice set. (#38354)
First German edition of Say's classic Traité d'économie politique (1803). It was translated and annotated by Ludwig Heinrich Jakob (1759-1827), professor in Halle since 1791, a Kantian philosopher and Smithian economist. After the suppression of the university of Halle in 1806 he accepted an offer to teach economics in Kharkow, and in 1809 became a member of an important finance commission in St. Petersburg. On the re-establishment of the university of Halle he returned to Germany. He was the author of a several times reprinted Smithian treatise on economics (Grundsatze der National-Oekonomie oder National-Wirthschaftslehre, 1805).
*Goldsmiths'-Kress 19346.18. Carpenter XXXIII,3. Humpert 13120. Palgrave II,p.471 (Jakob).
SCHLETTWEIN, Johann August (1731-1802)
Les moyens d'arreter la misere publique et d'acquitter les dettes des etats.
Carolsrouhe [Paris], Michel Macklot 1772.
Small 8vo. 96p. With engraved allegorical vignette on pages 3 and 5, and tail piece on page 6. Uncut in contemp. decorated boards. First leaves a bit yellowed, stain in margin of 2 or 3 leaves. An old hand added his(?) name to the first paste down, and used the margins of the title, verso and page 3 to repeat the author's name and the title etc. Still an unsophisticated good copy. (#23523)
With the advertisement to the third and to the fourth edition.
*Vanderblue p.4. Kress B.3289. This edition not in Einaudi.
The first appearance of the Wealth of nations in Spanish
First edition. The first appearance of the Wealth of nations in Spanish. Condorcet's summary of the Wealth of nations first appeared in French in the Bibliothèque de l'homme public between 1790 and 1792 but was never issued separately. The first complete Spanish edition of the Wealth of nations, translated by Josef Alonso Ortiz, appeared not before 1794.
The translator Don Carlos Martinez de Irujo y Tacon (1763-1824) was a Spanish diplomat who served for over 10 years as Spanish minister to the United States, where he quarreled with Thomas Jefferson over the Louisiana Purchase and with James Madison over the American claim to part of Florida. This was several times reprinted but this first edition is quite rare.
*Kress B.2408. Not in Goldsmiths', Einaudi or Vanderblue. Palau 59126 ('bella edicion').
Kipper un Wipper
Two of the major publications of the ‘Tipper and See-saw time' by this Lutheran theologian and pastor in Magdeburg.
Due to the rising price of silver by the end of the 16th century silver coins of the German city-states became more worth than their nominal value. After the outbreak of the Thirty Years War currencies were debased to finance the high costs of the war and the coinage system of the Habsburg Empire fell into complete disorder. Coins were weighted to sort out the not-yet-debased pieces ('kippen und wippen') and melted and mixed with copper or other cheap metals and reissued.
It worked in the beginning but soon resulted in worthless coins and the complete disarray of the monetary system. Prices raised enormously and caused dreadful distress among the population. Popular protest arose and a great number of pamphlets denouncing the practice appeared between 1620 and 1622. By 1623 the debased coins were withdrawn, but the losses were carried by the impoverished population.
First volume: *Kress S.505. Goldsmiths'-Kress 00507.16. Humpert 10945,
Second volume: *Not in Kress or Goldsmiths'-Kress. Humpert 10946.
The 'bible' of individualist anarchist literature
STIRNER, Max [Johann Kaspar Schmidt] (1806-1856)
Der Einzige und sein Eigenthum.
Leipzig, Verlag von Otto Wigand 1845 [i.e. 1844].
[II],491,p. Contemp. half green cloth, marbled boards, back blind tooled with gilt lettering. Modern armorial bookplate to front paste-down. A very nice copy. (#20506)
One of two editions of the first Russian translation of Stirner's magnus opum Der Einzige und sein Eigenthum (1845), the ‘bible of individualist anarchist literature‘. Another edition dated 1906 appeared in Moscow, no priority known.
*WorldCat locates 2 copies of our edition (Staatsbibliothek Berlin and IISH Amsterdam) and 2 copies of the Moscow edition (Staatsbibliothek Berlin and University of Bern). It was apparently popular in Russia at the time because more editions appeared 1907, 1909 and 1910
First edition, first issue. The literary result of Flora Tristan's visit to London in which she arrived at the conclusion that England was ruled by an almighty aristocracy that kept the people in slavery, five years before Frederick Engels published his famous book on the miserable condition of the British working classes.
This is the very rare first issue of the first edition, the much more common 'deuxième édition', thus marked on both the title and the wrappers but else fully identical to the present edition, was issued the same year.
*Puech 9. Neither the present nor the second edition in Kress, Goldsmiths' or Einaudi.
The best contemporary source for the tulip speculation
De drie t'zamenspraeken tusschen Waermondt en Gaergoedt, over de op- en ondergang van Flora; als mede Floraes zotte-bollen, troostbrief, en een register der tegenwoordige meest geächte hyacinten, met der zelver prysen. Deze tweden druck vermeerdert en van veele fauten gezuyvert. [Bound with:] Clare ontdeckingh der dwaes heydt, der ghener die haer tegenwoordigh laten noemen floristen ... Gedruckt na de oprechte copye 1636.
Haerlem, gedruckt by Johannes Marshoorn 1734.
2 volumes in 1. Small 8vo. [IV],219,p. & 4 pages numbered *104 between p.104 and 105, 24p. With folding engraving. Nineteenth-century half calf, gilt back with red label. Some light spotting and staining. (#40568)
TURGOT, Anne Robert Jacques (1727-1781)
Oeuvres de Mr. Turgot, ministre d'état, précédées et accompagnées de mémoires et de notes sur sa vie, son administration et ses ouvrages.
Paris, de l'imprimerie de Delance [first volume: de l'imprimerie de A.Belin] 1808-11.
9 volumes. With engraved portrait of Turgot by Tardieu after Ducreux. Mid-nineteenth century half calf, gilt backs with raised bands, marbled edges, sides and endpapers, bound by J.T.Heald, Wilmington, Del[aware]. From the library of Alexis and Elizabeth du Pont Rencourt, with their bookplate to all volumes. Portrait foxed. A very well bound set. (#26723)
Published in the year of the first edition. One of Voltaire's last books in which he maliciously points out the contradictions and inconsistencies of the stories of the Old Testament, not free of anti-Semitic utterances. 'S.M.L.R.D.P.' stands for 'Sa Majeste le Roi de Pologne' or 'de Prusse'.
*Bengesco 1861, 3.
His only work of economic interest
The man of forty crowns. Translated from the French of M. de Voltaire.
London, printed for T.Becket and P.A.D'Hondt 1768.
IV,104p. Finely bound in 3/4 calf, gilt ribbed back, red label, marbled sides (sd Bayntun, Bath). (#30679)
WARMUND, Gottlieb, pseud. of Erasmus Francisci (1627-1694)
Geldmangel in Teutschlande und dessselben gründliche Ursachen, nach Anleitung des warhafften Verlaufs des, in unserm Vaterlande, von etlich vielen Jahren her, verführten Wesens und Wandels an Tag gegeben ...
Bayreuth, gedrukt bey Johann Gebhard 1664.
Small 8vo. [XXIV],[4 blank],821,[3 table of contents and errata]p. With a fine double-page frontispiece. Contemp. overlapping vellum. A few old underlinings in red and black. A very nice copy. (#30646)
The honour of special refutation from Malthus
First edition. A major criticism of Malthus' population theory, answered by Malthus the next year in the appendix to the fifth edition of his Essay on population. Malthus thought much higher of it than of the other object of the appendix, the Inquiry of James Grahame which appeared the same year, 'a slight work without any very distinct object in view ... Mr. Weyland's work is of a much more elaborate desciption [and] has also a very definite object in view'.
Weyland believed that an increase of population was recommendable and argued that a higher birthrate in the countryside was needed to compensate for the higher mortality rate in towns. He holds that 'population has a natural tendency to keep within the powers of the soil to afford it subsistence in every gradation through which society passes [and] this tendency can never be destroyed, and can only be altered or diverted from its natural course ... by grossly impolitic laws, or pernicious customs, either accelerating the progress of population considerably beyond its natural rate, or depressing the productive energies of the soil considerably below its natural powers' (p.21).
Weyland was a landowner and magistrate from Oxfordshire and author of several books on the poor laws and related subjects.
*Kress B.6837. Goldsmiths' 21429. Einaudi 6027. Bonar p.378-380.
ZUCCOLO, Lodovico (1568-1630)
Dialoghi ... De'saluti. Della eminenza della pastorale. Della bellezza. Della detta, e della disdetta. Della vergogna. Della clemenza. Della gelosia. Del flusso, e riflusso delle virtu, e de'vitij. Della città Felice. Dell' amore scambieuole fra'cittadini. Del piacere. De'terrori panici. Della republica d'Evandria. Della republica d'Utopia. De'varij fini degli huomini. Ne'quali con varietà di eruditione si scropono nuoui, e vaghi pensieri filosofici, morali, e politici.
In Venetia, appresso Marco Ginammi 1625.
4to. [XL],278,[2 blank]p., lvs a3 and a4 bound between b4 and c1. With woodcut priner's device on title and numerous woodcut initials. Contemp. carta rustica. Uncut with ample margins, upper margin unopened, vague water stain in blank outer margin throughout, small loss in lower margin of b4, far from printed text.(#38663)
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