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List May 2019

ASTON, Louise (1814-1871)
Aus dem Leben einer Frau.
Hamburg, Hoffmann und Campe 1847.
Small 8vo. VI, [2],155,[1 blank, 4 publ. advert.]p. Uncut and partly unopened in orig. printed gray wrappers. Upper wrapper, half-title and title a little soiled.(#39921)
€ 2000

First edition. A very rare autobiographical novel by this German feminist author, known for her radical opinions on the rights of women, democracy and sexuality. She was a republican and atheist and advocate of free love, she smoked cigars and dressed as a male. She considered marriage a form of prostitution, since for most women it was impossible to marry for love as they were economically dependent on their husbands. Many of her views were shared by other feminists, but only few openly expressed their opinions. Not surprisingly her free-spirited behaviour and her political opinions caused much outrage and she was called a whore and watched by the police.
The present novel reflects het own experiences as the daughter of an oppressive father, her marriage to a wealthy English industrialist in 1835 (forced by her father as she said) and her divorce in 1839. They married again and divorced a second time in 1844. She became befriended with the circle of the Young Hegelians, among whom was Max Stirner, but because of her openly expressed nonconformism she was forced to leave Berlin as ‘enemy of the state' in 1846.

BACHOFEN, Johann Jakob (1815-1887)
Das Mutterrecht. Eine Untersuchung über die Gynaikokratie der alten Welt nach ihrer religiösen und rechtlichen Natur.
Stuttgart, Krais & Hoffmann 1861.
4to. XL,435,[1]p., printed in double columns. With illustrated title leaf and 9 (3 folding) lithograph plates. Modern half calf in matching style, gilt back, marbled sides. Mild foxing as may be expected. (#28778)
€ 1750

First edition, rare. Bachofen's investigations into the role of women in ancient and primitive societies resulted in a completely new outlook on the formation of social structures. His conception of matriarchal society exercised enormous influence on the study of history, the genesis of the legal system and the social sciences.
*Printing and the mind of man 349.

Five works of physiocratic inspiration

BAUDEAU, Nicolas (1730-1792)
Avis aux honnêtes gens qui veulent bien faire. Sur le commerce du bled.
A Amsterdam, chez Marc-Michel Rey. Et se vend à Toulouse, chez Dupleix 1769.
94p. 12mo. Contemp. calf, gilt back with red label, marbled endpapers, red edges, top of back slightly damaged. Bound with 4 other works. (#35693)
€ 1000

A plea for 'better and cheaper bread' urgently needed for the poor population of France after the bad harvest of 1767. As a Physiocrat Baudeau of course advocates the free trade in grain, despite the decrees of 1764 still not guaranteed. He adds several proposals for improving the grinding of corn and the baking and distribution of bread. First published in the Ephemerides du citoyen and again separately in 1768.
*Kress and INED list the 1768-edition only. Not in Einaudi or Goldsmiths'.
Bound with: [BAUDEAU, Nicolas] Avis au peuple sur l'impôt forcé qui se percevoit dans les halles et marchés sur tous les bleds et toutes les farines. [No place] 1774. 21,[1]p. First edition. A protest against the decree of 1770 regulating the distribution of bread, according to Baudeau 'raising the taxes on bread for the people with more than 16 millions a year'.
*INED 272. Goldsmiths' 11163. Not in Kress or Einaudi.
And with: La ferme de Pensylvanie. Les avantages de la vertu. Plan d'instruction pour le peuple; avec quelques observations sur la liberté du commerce de grains. A Philadelphie, et à Paris, chez Ribou 1775. XII,96p. First (only) edition. A very rare little book by an unknown author consisting of three essays. The first essay is an allegorical history of a farm in Pennsylvania named Nobroub (anagram of Bourbon), or 'the happy family', administered in the same wise way as the state of Pennsylvania. In the second essay the author holds that a criminal while injuring others above all injures himself, virtue is its own reward. In the third essay the author pleads for free trade in grain, with several references to the physiocratic Ephémerides du citoyen and Nicolas Baudeau.
*Not found in any of the usual bibliographies of Americana or economics, but it is included in Evans, Early American imprints 14029.
And with: BAUDEAU, Nicolas. Questions proposées par M. l'Abbé Baudeau, a M. Richard des Glannieres, sur son plan d'imposition, soi-disant économique. [No place 1774.] 22p. First (only) edition. A critical discussion of the plan for fiscal reform published by Des Glannieres in 1774.
*INED 294. Goldsmiths' 11164. Not in Kress or Einaudi.
And with: LE CRI de l'agriculture. A Paris, chez Ruault 1775. [IV],129,[3]p. With folding table. On the importance of agriculture, against the taxation of land and for a moderate taxation of its yield, the introduction of a relief-fund for 'agricultural accidents', the liquidation of the public debt, a plan for a Royal Bank, against luxury, etc.
*INED 4581. Not in Kress, Goldsmiths' or Einaudi.

BAUDEAU, Nicolas (1730-1792)
Lettres d'un citoyen à un magistrat, sur les vingtiemes et les autres impôts.
Amsterdam, chez Arkstée & Merkus 1768.
Small 8vo. [IV],234p. Contemp. calf, gilt back with red label, marbled endpapers, red edges. Fine copy. Bound with two other books discussing physiocratic ideas on the free trade of grain. (#29699)
€ 1750

First edition. Baudeau's exposition of the physiocratic theory of taxation, one of his most important and rarest books.
*INED 285. Goldsmiths' 10454. Not in Kress or Einaudi.
Preceded by: [VAUVILLIERS, Jean François (1737-1801)] Lettre d'un gentilhomme des états de Languedoc à un magistrat du parlement de Rouen, sur le commerce des bleds, des farines et du pain. [No place] 1768. [II],47p.
First edition. An uncompromising plea for free trade in grain. Vauvilliers was the most famous French Hellenist of his time and an adherent of the ideas of the Physiocrats and contributor to the Ephémérides du citoyen.
*INED 4405 (and p.35 for an uncertain attribution to Baudeau). Not in Kress, Goldsmiths' or Einaudi.
And by: Réponse du magistrat de Normandie au gentilhomme de Languedoc, sur le commerce des bleds, des farines & du pain [drop-title]. [No place or date.] 48p.
A reply to the preceding text in which the anonymous author defends himself against the accusation that he would not support the free trade in grain.
*INED 4782. Not in Kress, Goldsmiths' or Einaudi.

[BAYLE, Pierre (1647-1706)]
Avis important aux refugiez sur leur prochain retour en France, donné pour Etrennes à l'un d'eux en 1690. Par Monsieur C.L.A.A.P.D.P.
Paris, veuve de Gabriel Martin 1692.
12mo. [XXXVI],7-356,[10]p. Contemp. calf, back with red label, very light wear to extremities. (#34057)
€ 375

And: LARREY, Isaac de (1639-1719) Reponse a l'Avis aux refugiez, par Mr. D.L.R. [author's name added in ms.]. Rotterdam, Reiner Leers 1709. 12mo. [XXX],449,[23]p. Contemp. calf, back with red label, very light wear to extremities.
First work: Second edition. First published in Amsterdam or The Hague in 1690, but according to a preface to the present edition with 'various changes, contrary to [the author's] intentions'. Bayle here exhorted the protestants to keep their temper after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes. It was violently attacked by Pierre Jurieu and in 1693 Bayle lost his chair at the Ecole Illustre in Rotterdam, which he had held since 1681. Usually attributed to Pierre Bayle, but also to Pélisson and to Daniel de Larroque.
Second work: First (only) edition. A refutation of the Avis, written after Bayle's death. The author was a French protestant and after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes fled to the Netherlands and there maintained himself as author of historical works.

Le grand porte-feuille politique, à l'usage des princes et des ministres, des ambassadeurs et des hommes de lois, des officiers généraux de terre et de mer, ainsi que de la noblesse, du haut clergé, des financiers, des voyageurs, amateurs de sciences politiques; et enfin, de tous ceux qui suivent la carrière politique, ou qui s'y destinent ... Dédié aux hommes d'état.
Paris, chez l'auteur ... & Maradan 1789.
Large folio (46 x 59 cm). [VI],XV,[1]p. & 19 double-page tables. Uncut in comtemp. limp boards, worn at edges and back. (#19694)
€ 500

First (only) edition. A statistical survey of the world on the eve of the Revolution in the form of 19 very large tables. The preliminary pages of text treat the principles of government, understood as 'the knowledge of the best means to render a nation prosperous and its inhabitants contented'. The author shows knowledge of economic and demographic theories and stresses the importance of agriculture.
The numbered tables are printed one-sided on folded leaves of c. 58 x 86 cm. Each table treats a specific empire, kingdom, republic, etc., subdivided into the various countries or regions of the powers. The columns give data for population, area, density of population, the major cities and their population, military power, national income, expenses and debt, form of government, administration of justice, religion, morality, clergy, agriculture, commerce, navigation, currency (and its value in French money), and additional observations.
The subsequent (numbered) tables treat the Austrian empire, France and its colonies, Russia, Turkey, Spain, England with Scotland and Ireland, Prussia, Portugal and the two Sicilies, Sardinia and the Papal state, Sweden and Denmark, Poland, Venice and the Dutch republic, the Swiss cantons, the republic of Genoa and the order of Malta, the electorates of Mainz and Treves, the electorate of Cologne and the palatinate of Bavaria, the electorates of Saxony and Hanover, the duchy of Wurtemberg and the landgraviates of Hesse-Cassel and Darmstadt, and the United States of North America.
With the royal approbation leaf leaf dated 7 October 1788.
*INED 330. Not in Kress, Goldsmiths', Einaudi or Sabin.

The most important coin book of the German Renaissance

[BERG, Adam (1540-1610)]
New Müntz Buech. Darinen allerley gross unnd kleine, silberne und guldene Sorten, umb wichtiger Ursach willen also fürgestelt werden ... Und dann wirt auch ein Dialogus oder Gespräch, zwischen dem Gelt und der Armut mit angehängt ... Neben disem allen wirt auch mit einbracht, was die Müntzen in altem Testament gewest, und was sie golten ...
Gedruckt zu München [Munich], bey Adam Berg 1604.
Folio. [8],80,[12],[10] lvs. Title printed in red and black. With hundreds woodcuts of coins, the gold coins coloured orange or yellow. Seventeenth-century French half calf, gilt back, extremities little worn. Bookplate of 'Bibliothèque d'Yves Guermont, Prieuré de Rozérieulles, Abbaye de Mouzon' to front paste down. A few marginal stains and tears but generally fine. (#29352)
€ 2250


Second edition, first published by the same printer in 1597. The most important coin book of the German Renaissance, including the coins of the Holy Roman Empire, the Papal States, Spain, Portugal, France, Navarre, England, Poland, Sweden, Denmark, Scotland, Switzerland, and the Italian states. The second part, translated as Dialogue between money and poverty, is one of the earliest criticisms of capitalism.
The verso of the penultimate preliminary leaf has a catch-word 'Pro-', the following leaf is unprinted. This agrees with the digitalized copy found in Google Books. The blank leaf is here used for a manuscript alphabetical geographical index.

Adam Smith criticized

BRITO, Joaquim José Rodrigues de (1753-1831)
Memorias politicas sobre as verdadeiras bases da grandeza das naçoes, e principalmente de Portugal.
Lisboa, Impressao regia 1803-05.
3 volumes. Small 4to. Contemp. richly blind tooled calf, backs with gilt-lettered red label. Two quires in the third volume printed on blueish paper. A very nice set printed on good paper and with ample margins. (#39859)
€ 1750

First (only) edition. A pioneering work in in the history of Portuguese political science intended to provide outlines for the advancement of Portuguese society. It is also important for the history of political economy because it includes an early and important criticism of Adam Smith.
Brito was professor of law and political science at the University of Coimbra. This is his only published book. The first volume deals with the legislation regarding commerce, industry, property and wealth, the second with the value of precious metals and the coinage, and the last with natural law and the moral sciences.
A whole chapter in the book is taken by a criticism of Adam Smith's Wealth of nations. Brito particularly attacked Smith's theory of value, refuting the thesis that labour was the main source of value. Brito on the contrary considered agriculture as the main source of wealth for Portugal. His position was essentially physiocratic, and a long note shows the influence of Canard and Condillac.
After the publication of the first two volumes in 1803 Brito's criticism of Smith was replied by the economist José da Silva Lisboa Cairu in his Principios de economia politica. Lisboa was a public servant who played an important role in the development of the Brazilian economy, and as an economist was a great admirer of Adam Smith. Brito anwered Lisboa in the introduction of the last volume.
*Goldsmiths'-Kress 18773.13.

[CHARPENTIER, François (1620-1702)]
Discours d'un fidele sujet du roy, touchant l'establissement d'une compagnie françoise pour le commerce des Indes Orientales: adressé à tous les François.
A Paris 1664.
4to. 57p. Neatly rebound in vellum. A tiny worm hole (1 mm) all through.(#29362)
€ 1250

First edition. A pamphlet commissioned by Colbert to propagate the founding of a French East-India Company. Louis XIV had accepted Colbert's proposal for such a company to compete with the English and Dutch East India Companies. It was a joint-stock company granted a 50-year monopoly on the French trade in the East Indies. The Company failed in its attempt to establish a colony in Madagascar and, though it managed to establish a few settlements in the Indian Ocean and South Asia, the company was never able to maintain itself financially. It merged with other companies during John Law's système and after its fall resumed its activities, but never became successful and was finally abolished in 1769.
A second edition appeared the next year. An English translation (A treatise touching the East-Indian trade) appeared 1665, reprinted in 1676 and 1695. A German edition also appeared 1665.
*Goldsmiths'-Kress 01764 and Kress 1150 record the second edition only.

Collection de divers ouvrages d'arithmétique politique.
Collection de divers ouvrages d'arithmétique politique, par Lavoisier, Delagrange, et autres.
Paris, de l'imprimerie des CC. Corancez & Roederer, an IV [1796].
64p. Contemp. half calf, back with gilt-lettered red morocco label, minor imperfections. (#35493)
€ 1250

First (only) edition thus. A very rare and highly important collection of texts on political economy and statistics, which includes the second edition of Lavoisier's seminal Résultats extraits d'un ouvrage intitulé: De la richesse territoriale du Royaume de France. It was 'the first modern study of the demographic and economic resources of the country' and made Lavoisier the the founder of the science of national statistics. It was first printed by order of the Assemblée Nationale in 1791.
Lavoisier's work occupies page 3-32. It is followed by Réflexions d'un citoyen propriétaire, sur l'étendue de la contribution foncière, & sa proportion avec le produit net territorial, converti en argent (anonymously, but according to INED by Bénard) (p.33-48), Essai d'arithmétique politique, sur les premiers besoins de l'intérieur de la République by De Lagrange (p.49-56) and by Preuves arithmétiques de la nécessité d'encourager l'agriculture et d'abandonner, dans les temps ordinaires, l'approvisionnement des grains au commerce libre by Antoine Diannyère (p.57-61).
*INED 2690 (at length). Duveen & Klickstein 265. Not in Kress, Goldsmiths' or Einaudi.
[Preceded by:] MOHEAU, Jean Baptiste (1745-1794) Recherches et considérations sur la population de la France. Paris, chez Moutard 1778. 2 parts in 1 volume. XV,[1],280,157,[4]p. With folding table.
First (only) edition. A pioneering work in the field of demography. 'Of the eighteenth-century French writers on population none was more competent and judicious than M. Moheau. He was a populationist in that he believed the fiscal, military, political, and economic resources and power of the state to be proportionate to its population. Part I of this work, which was inspired by Messance's earlier study and which embodied some of Messance's statistical date, is a statistical description of the population of France; part II deals primarily with the factors that influence population growth' (Spengler). 'This when published was certainly the best work that had appeared on the population of any country' (McCulloch).
*Kress B.135. Goldsmiths' 11690. Einaudi 3956. INED 3221. Spengler p.100. McCulloch p.264.

DAENDELS, Herman Willem (1762-1818)
Staat der Nederlandsche Oostindische bezittingen, onder het bestuur van den Gouverneur-Generaal Herman Willem Daendels, ridder, luitenant-generaal, &c. in de jaren 1808-1811.
's Gravenhage 1814.
4 volumes. Folio. [VI],128; [334]; [596]; [488]p. With numerous tables in the text and on folding leaves. Uncut in contemp. boards, some traces of wear. Printed on fine paper.(#23267)
€ 750

First (only) edition. A major source for the administrative, military, commercial and financial situation of the Netherlands East Indies during the rule of Daendels as Governor-General 1807-1811. His rule is notable for the introduction of important reforms in the civil and military administration, though he was detested for his rude behaviour and rigorous measures towards both native princes and European inhabitants.
The first volume is taken by Daendels' summary, in fact an apology of his behaviour, the other volumes are taken by the underlaying documents. These volumes are arranged by subject: 'Organique stukken: Java's Noord-Oost-kust, koffij-cultuur, hout-bosschen' (volume 2), 'Bantam, Cheribon, Batavia, Molukko's, Generale directie, administratie en comptabiliteit, Finantiëele zaken, Additionele stukken' (volume 3), and 'Krygswezen. Armee te lande. Geneeskundige dienst. Marine. Organique wetten' (volume 4). Rare complete set.
*KITLV p.68. Coolhaas p.78-79.

DAMHOUDER, Joost de (1507-1581)
Practycke in criminele saken, seer nut ende profijtelijck allen souverains, bailjous, borgermeesters, ende schepenen, &c. Hier is noch by ghevoeght d'ordonnantie op 't stuck van de criminele iustitie in dese Nederlanden. [Bound with:] Practycke in civile saecken, seer nut, profijtelijck ende noodich allen schouten, borgermeesteren, schepenen ende andere rechteren.
Rotterdam, Pieter van Waesberge 1650-49.
2 works in 1 volume. 4to. [VIII],264,3-59 (wanting divisional title); [XXXVI],592,[31]p. With portrait of the author on both titles, 56 woodcut illustrations in the text of the first work and 14 full-page engravings in the second work. Contemp. overlapping vellum. Fine copy. (#30062)
€ 1950

A treatise on criminal law, the first work of its kind published outside Italy, that exercised a lasting influence in Europe. It gives an overview of sixteenth-century legislation, prosecution and punishment of offences like homicide, blasphemy, mutiny, forgery, burglary, adultery, rape, corruption, adultery, incest, sodomy, arson, etc. All this is illustrated by fine woodcuts showing scenes from criminal procedure and justice, including torture. Damhouder asserted that a single indication of guilt was sufficient for torture to be applied to achieve a confession, though he did recognize that too much torture can produce false confessions. It is highly interesting not only for the history of legal customs but also for the social conditions connected with these crimes.
An important part is dedicated to witchcraft, according to Damhouder 'a heinous crime that went unpunished too often because of the ignorance of magistrates'. This is largely based upon Grillandi's Tractatus de hereticis et sortilegiis. Many authors have pointed out that much of Damhouder's work was based upon, if not plagiarized, from a manuscript on criminal law by Philips Wielant not published before 1872.
First published in 1554 in Latin and the same year in French and Dutch translation by the author. It was reprinted many times during the seventeenth century. Here as often bound with the second Dutch edition of the author's work on civil law, first published in Latin in 1567 and in Dutch in 1626.
*Dekkers p.44,4 and 5.

DAMHOUDER, Joost de (1507-1581)
Practycke. In criminele saecken. Nut en proffytelyck, voor alle souvereins, baillius ende schepenen. etc. Item hier is noch by ghevoecht d'ordinantie op t'stuck van de criminele justitie in dese Nederlanden.
Rotterdam, Pieter van Waesberge 1642.
2 parts in 1 volume. [XVI],366,102p. With an engraved title with 8 oval insets and 56 half-page woodcut illustrations in the text. Second part with own title-page. Contemp. overlapping vellum. Fine copy. (#35279)
€ 1250

A treatise on criminal law, the first work of its kind published outside Italy, that exercised a lasting influence in Europe. It gives an overview of sixteenth-century legislation, prosecution and punishment of offences like homicide, blasphemy, mutiny, forgery, burglary, adultery, rape, corruption, adultery, incest, sodomy, arson, etc. All this is illustrated by fine woodcuts showing scenes from criminal procedure and justice, including torture. Damhouder asserted that a single indication of guilt was sufficient for torture to be applied to achieve a confession, though he did recognize that too much torture can produce false confessions. It is highly interesting not only for the history of legal customs but also for the social conditions connected with these crimes.
An important part is dedicated to witchcraft, according to Damhouder 'a heinous crime that went unpunished too often because of the ignorance of magistrates'. This is largely based upon Grillandi's Tractatus de hereticis et sortilegiis. Many authors have pointed out that much of Damhouder's work was based upon, if not plagiarized, from a manuscript on criminal law by Philips Wielant not published before 1872.
First published in 1554 in Latin and the same year in French and Dutch translation by the author. It was reprinted many times during the seventeenth century.
*Dekkers p.44,4.

An early Spanish defence of free trade

DORMER, Diego Josef (-1705)
Discursos historicos-politicos, sobre lo que se ofrece tratar en la junta de los ilustrissimos quatro braços del reyno de Aragon, de los eclesiasticos, nobles, cavalleros, è hidalgos, y de las universidades, que el rey nuestro senor Don Carlos Segundo ha mandado congregar este ano de 1684, en la ciudad de Zaragoça, conforme lo dispuesto por su magestad en las Cortes de 1678.
[Zaragoza 1684.]
[XII],48,65-208p., p.50-64 skipped in pagination but thus complete. Contemp. vellum, little wrinkled. Front free endpaper gone, some light staining, but a good copy.(#35552)
€ 1500

First edition. This book, the only book of the author of economic interest, is important for its early defence of free trade. The author has been credited, with Alberto Struzzi, with having been ‘the sole and unheeded champions of the liberty of foreign trade', whereas until the end of the eighteenth century all leading Spanish writers were mercantilist.
‘A rare book, highly innovative and of great importance, which explains with exquisite clearness the true character of commerce, the nature of exchange, the use and utility of money, the inefficiency of the prohibitive system and the means of encouraging the national industry ... It is one of the most original works of its class, bold and precise in its economic doctrine. The author is greatly in advance of his time, and deliberately puts aside the prevailing prejudices, not only in Spain, but throughout Europe' (Colmeiro p.71).
Dormer studied philosohy and law in Huesca and became one of the major Spanish historians of the seventeenth century, royal chronicler of the kingdom of Aragon in 1674.
*Goldsmiths'-Kress 02548. Colmeiro 175

'... que quand vous aurés tous perdu la vie ...‘

Le glaive vengeur de la république française une et indivisible. Ou galerie révolutionnaire, contenant les noms, prénoms, les lieux de naissance, l'état, les ci-devant qualités, l'âge, les crimes et les dernières paroles de tous les grands conspirateurs et traîtres à la patrie, dont la tête est tombée sous le glaive national. Par arrêt du tribunal extraordinaire, établi à Paris par une loi en date du 10 mars 1793, pour juger sans appel de ce genre de délit. Par un ami de la révolution, des moeurs et de la justice. [At head:] Liberté, egalité, fraternité, ou la mort.
A Paris, se trouve chez G.F.Galletti An II de la république française [1794].
216p. With an engraved frontispiece by J.B.Louvion depicting a guillotine with the text 'Le poignard des patriotes est la hache de la loi' and 'Traitres regardez et tremblez elle ne perdra son activité, que quand vous aurés tous perdu la vie'. Finely bound in nineteenth-century half olive morocco, back richly gilt with red label, marbled sides and endpapers. (#31985)
€ 1250

First (only) edition. The 'revenging sword of the French republic' is an astonishing document of the revolutionary justice during the Reign of Terror. The first part is taken by the legal documents instituting the Revolutionary Tribunal, with the names of the members (accusateur public: Fouquier-Tinville). The greater part of the volume is taken by the enumeration of now mostly forgotten victims of the guillotine, with short backgrounds of their 'crimes', and of better known men and women, usually with more details, sometimes occupying several pages: Charlotte Corday, Marie-Antoinette, J.P.Brissot, Olympe de Gouges, Louis Philippe d'Orléans (dit Egalité), Marie Jeanne Philipon (Madame Roland), J.S.Bailly, Barnave, a.o. The last pages are taken by the Evangile du jour, ou le pas republicain. Rare.

Edinburgh Philosophical Society.
Essays and observations, physical and literary. Read before the Philosophical Society in Edinburgh, and published by them. [Volume 1 and 2: Second edition.]
Edinburgh, printed for John Balfour 1771, 1770, 1771.
3 volumes. XII,526,[6]; VIII,476,[8]; XX,563,[14]p. With 23 folding plates (1 hit by the binder's knife, 1 with a small tear). Contemp calf, backs with red label, extremities worn. Occasionally mild foxing.(#41464)
€ 2250


A continuation of an earlier series of Medical essays and observations published by the Edinburgh Medical Society between 1733 and 1744. The Society had lapsed during the Jacobite Rebellion but at the instigation of Henry Home, Lord Kames revived in 1748 under the name Edinburgh Philosophical Society and broadened its interest into the natural sciences in general.
These volumes were edited by Alexander Monro with the help of David Hume. They contain 89 contributions by many of the most eminent natural philosophers of the Scottish Enlightenment, a.o. Henry Home, Colin MacLaurin, Charles Alston, Joseph Black, William Cullen, Thomas Melvill, Robert Whytt and John Stewart. Volume 3, p.129-141 is taken by a letter from Benjamin Franklin to David Hume ‘on the method of securing houses from the effect of lightning'.
Volume 1 was first published in 1754, volume 2 in 1756. Volume 3 here in first edition. These volumes are rarely found together.
*T.E.Jessop, A bibliography of David Hume and of Scottish philosophy, p.38. Sabin 22979 (first edition of the first two volumes). Goldsmiths'-Kress 08896 (first edition of the first two volumes).

FAIRMAN, William.
The stocks examined and compared: or a guide to purchasers in the public funds. Containing an account of the different funds, from the times of their creation to the year 1807; including the Imperial and Irish annuities, transferrable at the Bank of England, and the stock of public companies. With useful and extensive tables, illustrated by observations and examples. Also, statements of the national debt, a view of the progress of the sinking fund, and an account of the American funds. The fifth edition, considerably improved.
London, printed for Joseph Johnson ... 1808.
VIII,187,[1]p. Uncut in contemp. grey boards, once neatly rebacked with original label. A nice copy. (#40065)
€ 250

A several times reprinted manual for investors, by an accountant at the Royal Exchange Assurance, first published in 1795. 'In the present edition some new articles have been introduced, and all the accounts brought up to the time of publication. Some account is given of the American funds, a subject which has become interesting to many persons in this country.'
*Goldsmiths'-Kress 19691. Kress B.5346.

GREGOIRE, Henri (1750-1831)
Observations critiques sur le poeme de M. Joel Barlow, The Colombiad, in-4. Philadelphia 1807.
Paris, Maradan 1809.
16p. Recent quarter snakeskin by J. Franklin Mowery, cloth sides, back with gilt lettered calf label. Bound with: Henri GREGOIRE, De la constitution française de l'an 1814. Troisième édition, corrigée et augmentée. Paris, A.Egron, Le Normant, Delaunay 1814. VIII,38p.(#40432)
€ 350

First edition. In 1787 Barlow, Jeffersonian republican and supporter of the French Revolution, had published his hymn on the American revolution The vision of Columbus. In 1807 he published an extended version, the Columbiad. Barlow's religious convictions had now turned to scepticism and for that the revolutionary leader and former bishop Henri Grégoire published this open letter.
Grégoire was despite his revolutionary view a devout Catholic and considered the Gospel the true fundament of a civilised society and political liberty. ‘The cross and the Gospel, in preparing us for the happiness of eternity, have civilised the world ... When public shame is extinct, do not expect to preserve the private virtues; and when religion is publicly insulted, it is a wound to morality, a national calamity ... The christian religion ... well understood and rightly practised ... is the most certain guarantee of the purity of public and private manners.'

GRODDECK, Carl Theodor (1826-1885)
Die demokratische Krankheit, eine neue Wahnsinnsform.
Naumburg, Druck der Buchdrukerei von H.Sieling 1850.
61,[2]p. Old plain cream wrappers in blue boards of a later date, back covered with green paper and with a stamp on front cover. Little wrinkled. (#29877)
€ 450

First (only) edition in German. This originally appeared the previous year in Latin as De morbo democratico nova insaniae forma and served as the author's doctoral dissertation in medicine. Of course it is a political pamphlet, provoked by the actual liberal-democratric events. Groddeck attempted to present democracy as a mental illness. The medical faculty of the university of Berlin at first rejected the dissertation, and only after the intervention of the Prussian minister of the interior it was approved. Groddeck was heavily mocked by almost everyone but even at his old age he was proud of his book.
Carl Groddeck, father of the pioneer of psychosomatic medicine Georg Groddeck, made a fortune with thermal baths in Bad Kösen, but lost it as a result of the Franco-Prussian war and failed speculation. A French edition appeared the same year (De la maladie démocratique, nouvelle espèce de folie).

Haute-Guienne. -
Proces verbal des séances de l'Assemblee provinciale de Haute-Guienne, tenue à Villefranche ... 1779, 1780, 1782, 1784 & 1786.
Villefranche-de-Rouergue, de l'imprimerie de Vedeilhié [1786: Paris, Crapart] 1780-87.
5 volumes. 4to. VIII,251,[1]; [II],304; [II],284; [II],179,[3],112,43,17; [II],394p. With 3 folding tables to volume 2. Contemp. uniform calf, backs richly gilt with red labels, marbled endpapers and edges. A very fine set. (#17499)
€ 750

A rare complete set. The proceedings of the Provincial Assembly of Haute-Guienne, a capital source for the state of this part of France on the eve of the Revolution. The provincial assemblies were created by Necker to improve the financial administration of France. The first assembly was established in Berry in July 1779, the assembly of Haute-Guienne followed the next month. No sessions were held in the years 1781, 1783 and 1785. The year 1784 includes a report on territorial taxation read before the Assembly by Henry de Richeprey, and proposals for the instructions for the surveyors and for the fixation of the taxable produce by the same.
*Camus 982 and Stourm p.139 both list 4 volumes only.

HERDER, Johann Gottfried (1744-1803)
Vom Einfluss der Regierung auf die Wissenschaften, und der Wissenschaften auf die Regierung.
Berlin, Georg Jakob Decker 1781.
Small 8vo. 167p. With vignette (Homer's bust) on title. Contemp. stiff green boards, a little rubbed, red sprinkled edges. (#31271)
€ 250

Second edition. A study of the relations between science and the state by the great humanitarian philosopher Herder. It was written in answer to two questions posed by the Berlin Academy of Sciences: to what extent and in which way governments have influenced sciences in those nations where they flourished, and what was the influence of the sciences on these governemnts? It was awarded by the Academy and first published in 1780 with a French title (Dissertation sur l'influence des sciences sur le gouvernement et du gouvernement sur les sciences), though actually written in German.

HUTCHESON, Francis (1694-1746)
La philosophie naturelle, civile et morale. Traduction libre de l'Anglois.
A Lyon, chez Regnault 1770.
2 volumes. 12mo. [II],XX,592; [IV],IV,545,[1]p. Contemp. calf, gilt backs with labels, marbled endpapers, red edges. First and last blanks stained. (#20404)
€ 1250

First French edition of A system of moral philosophy, translated by Marc Antoine Eidous. It is the book by which the author is remembered as one of the founding fathers of the Scottish Enlightenment, and of great influence on a.o. Adam Smith and David Hume. It had been completed as early as 1742 but published posthumously by Hutcheson's son in 1755. A German translation appeared already the next year.
Hutcheson's admiration for and influence on Adam Smith can hardly be overestimated. Smith referred to him as ‘the never to be forgotten Hutcheson', a title he used to describe only two people, his friend David Hume and his influential mentor Francis Hutcheson. W.R.Scott already in 1900 wrote that ‘the order of topics discussed in the economic portion of Hutcheson's System is repeated by Smith in his Glasgow Lectures and again in the Wealth of Nations'.
*Jessop p.146. Palgrave II,p.347.

KAPPLER, August (1815-1887)
Holländisch-Guiana. Erlebnisse und Erfahrungen während eines 43jährigen Aufenthalts in der Kolonie Surinam.
Stuttgart, W.Kohlhammer 1881.
IX,[3],495p. With woodengraved frontispiece showing Albina and a folding map of Surinam. Orig. half cloth, gilt back, marbled sides. (#41293)
€ 275


First edition. The memoirs of the author, a German born merchant who emigrated to Surinam in 1836 and there lived until 1879, with lively descriptions of the nature of the country and the life of its inhabitants, indigenous population, colonists, and slaves.
Kappler first worked for the Dutch goverment, as military and later as honorary civil servant. In 1846 he acquired a plot of land near the Marowijne River and there founded the settlement of Albina. He is particularly remembered for his interest in the geography and natural history of Surinam and held a large collection of insects and plants.
His memoirs of his earlier years were published already in 1854 in his more common book Sechs Jahre in Surinam, translated into Dutch as Zes jaren in Suriname.

The origins of the indigenous inhabitants of America ... Grotius refuted

LAET, Joannes de (1581-1649)
Notae ad dissertationem Hugonis Grotii De origine gentium Americanum: et observationes aliquot ad meliorem indaginem difficillimae illius quaestionis. [Bound with:] Responsio ad dissertationem secundam Hugonis Grotii, De origine gentium Americanarum. Cum indice ad utrumque libellum.
Amstelodami, apud Ludovicum Elzevirium 1643-44.
2 volumes in 1. Small 8vo. 223, [IV],116,[8]p. Contemp. overlapping vellum, back with ms. title. Unobtrusive old repair to title and last leaf. (#33420)
€ 2150

First edition of both works. A severe criticism of Grotius treatise of the previous year in which he had tried to prove that the indigenous inhabitants of America originated from Norway, Ethiopia and China. Grotius's arguments were mostly based upon classical authors and supported the Christian and European version of the origin of man. De Laet reprinted Grotius' text in Italic adding his critical comments. De Laet, a geographer and director of the West Indian Company and author of the best early account of the Americas, based himself on the knowledge derived from the discoveries of modern explorers and colonists. He includes comparative vocabularies of Anglo-Scandinavian and native American languages.
Grotius self-conceit was hurt by De Laet's criticism and he published a second treatise in which he tried to refute De Laet's arguments, though with more abuse than logic. De Laet answered with a second reply, here found bound with.
*Ter Meulen & Diermanse 727 & 733. Willems 997 & 1007. Sabin 38561 & 38562. Muller 861. Bell L32.

The only physiocratic utopia, by 'the ablest expositor of the physiocrat system '

[LE MERCIER DE LA RIVIERE, Pierre Paul (1719-1801)]
L'Heureuse nation, ou relations du gouvernement des Féliciens; peuple souverainement libre sous l'empire absolu de ses loix; ouvrage contenant des détails intéressans sur leurs principales institutions civiles, religieuses et politiques; sur leurs divers systêmes et leurs moeurs, tant publiques que privées; détails auxquels a été ajouté un Manuel politique de cette nation.
Paris, Buisson & Lyon, Bruysset 1792.
2 volumes in 1. [VI],LXXI,334; [VI],496p. With an engraved frontispiece. Near contemporary half-roan, gilt back, marbled sides and endpapers. Unobtrusive repair to errata leaf of volume 2. Armorial bookplate of Louis de Givenchy to front paste down. A nice copy indeed. (#30674)
€ 2750

First edition. The only utopia setting out physiocratic ideas by 'the ablest expositor of the physiocrat system'. His best known book L'Ordre naturel et essentiel des sociétés politiques (1767) has been seen as the 'code of physiocratic doctrine', praised by a.o. Diderot and Adam Smith. Le Mercier was primarily interested in political philosophy, here in his last book expressed in the form of an utopia. It was translated into German in 1794 under the title Die glückliche Nation, oder der Staat von Felizien.
Le Mercier had been a councillor of the parliament and from 1757 to 1764 governor of Martinique. He became acquainted with Quesnay and Mirabeau and soon after his return to France became one of the most prominent physiocrats and the chief expositor of their political philosophy.
Louis Alexandre César Taffin de Givenchy (1781-1858) was a founding member and perpetual secretary of the Société académique des antiquaires de la Morinie, Saint-Omer, Pas-de-Calais.
*Einaudi 3304. INED 2790. Not in Kress or Goldsmiths'.

LOCKE, John (1632-1704)
Unterricht von Erziehung der Kinder, aus dem Englischen; nebst Herrn von Fenelon ... Gedancken von Erziehung der Töchter, aus dem Frantzösischen übersetzet. Mit einigen Anmerckungen und einer Vorrede.
Leipzig, bey Thomas Fritschen 1708.
68,[4],612,[12]p. With engraved portrait of Locke. Contemp. calf, gilt back with label, free endpapers gone, small stamp on first blank. Mildly browned as may be expected, a little more in the margins of the first and last leaves. A nice copy. (#40589)
€ 1250

First (?) German edition. Locke's book on education appeared for the first time in German in 1708 in two different translations: one after the 3rd or 4th English edition by S.G.Starck published in Greifswald, and the present edition, translated after the 5th English edition by Gottfried Olearius. The translator added a long preface (p.3-68). Locke's work is followed (p.477-612) by a translation of Fenelon's Traité de l'éducation des filles (1687).
The greatest English book of its time on the principles and practice of education, first published in 1693 and several times reprinted. Locke's idea for writing about education grew out of a request from Locke's friend Edward Clarke for instructions in educating his children. 'Locke anticipated Rousseau in his advocacy of the natural child, who was to be toughened by exposure to the elements and fed only when hungry. He also interested himself in the moral education of children, stressing the importance of restraint and reason in molding the childs mind.'
*Attig 601. Yolton 212. Christophersen p.103 (erroneously dating this edition 1710).

MAFFEI, Scipione (1675-1755)
Consiglio politico finora inedito presentato al governo Veneto nell'anno 1736.
Venezia, dalla Stamperia Palese 1797.
125,[2]p. Contemp. tinted boards. Library stamp on title and small shelfmark on 2 following pages, some staining. (#38023)
€ 300

First (only) edition. Advices for the rulers of Venice, written as early as 1736 after a trip through England, Holland and Germany. It could not be printed because of its sharp criticism of the present system of government, but it had circulated in manuscript. Maffei's emphasis on the need of reform, the extension of the participation of its citizens and the separation of powers has made him ranked among the forerunners of Montesquieu.
Maffei is best known as an antiquarian, chiefly concerned with Etruscology and as a playwriter, but he also wrote on religious matters and a variety of other subjects, like fortepiano instruments. In economics he is best known for his attempt to reconcile the church doctrine on usury with the needs of modern commerce (Dell'impiego del danaro, 1744).

MILL, John Stuart (1806-1873)
Considerations on representative government.
London, Parker, Son, and Bourn 1861.
VIII,340,[4 cat.]p. Orig. embossed brown cloth, back lettered gilt, back somewhat darkened and at foot faint remains of a label, very light wear, brown endpapers, remains of removed bookplate to front paste-down, front hinge tender. Stamp on verso of title, mild foxing of prelims and last pages only. A very good copy. (#30278)
€ 500

First edition. Mill's major contribution to political philosophy, interesting both for his general outlook on democratic representation as for his recommendations for particular aspects of its institutions. Mill considered representative goverment as the best form because 'the only government which can fully satisfy all the exigencies of the social state, is one in which the whole people participate; that any participation, even in the smallest public function, is useful; that the participation should everywhere be as great as the general degree of improvement of the community will allow; and that nothing less can be ultimately desirable, than the admission of all to a share in the sovereign power of the state'. Mill of course supported universal suffrage, including for women, and pleaded for proportional representation to protect the rights of minorities against an oppressive majority.
*Einaudi has the French translation (3901) only.

MILL, John Stuart (1806-1873)
Thoughts on parliamentary reform.
London, John W. Parker 1859.
50p. Fine recent boards, back with printed paper label.(#30283)
€ 600

First edition. Published shortly after his great On liberty Mill here elaborates on the working of the parliamentary system. He gives arguments for universal suffrage with plurality of voting based not on property but on education, proposes representation in government of minorities and condemns the secret ballot.
*MacMinn p.92.

[MOREAU, Jacob Nicolas (1717-1804)]
L'Observateur hollandois, ou première (-quarante-sixième) lettre de M. Van ** à M. H** de La Haye, sur l'état présent des affaires de l'Europe.
A Liege, chez Jean François [as from nr 12: A La Haye] [1 September] 1755 - [12 February] 1759.
46 nrs bound in 6 volumes. Small 8vo. Contemp. blond calf, richly gilt, unfortunately heavily rubbed and with some missing pieces of leather. Upper margin of volume 5 (nr 26-34) cut short, sometimes touching the page number, title of nrs 12 and 39 stained, nrs 39, 40 and 41 with worm tracks affecting several letters of most pages, last page of last nr with a small burn hole. (#31735)
€ 1250

A complete set of this journal (though without the second part of nr 23 found in some sets), unfortunately with the defects as mentioned above. These letters concern the events in the beginning of the Seven Years' War and particularly the conflict between France and Great Britain in the American colonies. They were published irrregularly with the intention of exciting the public opinion in Europe against Britain. The author was a French royalist, librarian of Marie-Antoinette and historiographer of France. He had access to many official documents and in the present volumes makes amply use of these.
Bound at end of volume 2: L'Observateur observé, ou lettre d'un Hollandois à un de ses amis, dans laquelle on redresse L'Observateur hollandois sur ce qu'il a avancé touchant le commencement des hostilités présentes entre les Français & les Anglois. A La Haye 1756. [II],109p.
The first 12 nrs here a counterfeit edition with imprint Liege instead of the usual La Haye. Several of the later nrs have a catalogue of the Amsterdam bookseller Marc Michel Rey at the end. Armorial bindings of John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute (1713-1792), first Scottish-born Prime Minister of Great Britain and noted bibliophile.
*Hatin p.61. Not in Muller or Sabin.

Charity and poor relief in eighteenth century Spain

MURCIA, Pedro Joachin de.
Discurso politico sobre la importancia, y necesidad de los hospicios, casas de expósitos, y hospitales, que tienen todos los estados, y particularmente Espana.
Madrid, en la imprenta de la Viuda de Ibarra 1798.
Small 4to. XII,98,XXXIVp. Contemp. calf, gilt back with red label, edges of sides gilt decorated, marbled endpapers. A very bright copy. (#33837)
€ 900

First (only) edition. One of the most important books on charity and poor relief in Spanish published during the eighteenth century. The author, a member of the Royal Council of Castilia, considers the foundation of charitable institutions an absolute necessity for the interest of religion and the state. He pleads for the foundation of public hospices, orphanages, houses of correction, nursing homes for the long-term infirm, etc. In the appendices at the end he treats the Royal decrees of 1794 and 1796 regarding the provision of charity.
*Goldsmiths'-Kress 17484.12. Colmeiro 292.

A major contribution to the theory of probability

POISSON, Siméon Denis (1781-1840)
Recherches sur la probabilité des jugements en matière criminelle et en matière civile, précédées des règles générales du calcul des probabilités.
Paris, Bachelier, 1837.
4to. [IV],IX,[3],415p. Contemp. boards, back with green label, rubbed. Some foxing throughout. (#34445)
€ 1000

First edition. Poisson's Research on the probability of judgments in criminal and civil matters is his major contribution to the theory of probability. Poisson was the principal successor to Laplace and he largely followed the latter's position. He is now best remembered for his emphasis to the 'law of large numbers', now called Poisson distribution.
*Stigler p.182-194.

Recueil des excellens et libres discours.
Le recueil des excellens et libres discours sur l'estat present de la France. Imprimé nouvellement.
[No place] 1606.
11 parts in 1 volume. 12mo. Contemp. overlapping vellum. Old stamp and crossed out name to title. (#13310)
€ 450

A collection of 11 pieces in favour of the policy of Henry III and Henry IV. The first two pieces of the volume are foliated continuously, as are the following four, the remaining pieces are paginated separately and have (but for one) own title pages. The pieces are preceded by three leaves with the general title as quoted, a preface from the publisher and a table of contents. Detailed contents:
1 & 2. [M.HURAULT.] Discours sur l'estat present de la France. [Followed by:] Second discours sur l'estat de la France. 162 lvs. These two discourses, published previously in 1588 and 1592, have been recognized as seminal contributions to the French scheme for colonization in America under Henry IV. Michel Hurault, a privy councillor and chancellor of Navarre, draw public attention to the fact that the French and Portuguese made enormous profits with their colonies, which they applied for their campaign against France. He concluded that the power of European nations was, besides upon their position on the European continent, to a large extent based upon their position outside Europe. *Cf. Hauser 3040 and Lindsay & Neu 1321. Harrisse p.280. Not in Sabin.
3-6. [A.ARNAULD.] La fleur de lys. [Followed by:] L'Anti-Espagnol. [Followed by:] Discours des grands effects qui ont suivy la conversion du Roy. [Followed by:] Libre discours sur la délivrance de la Bretaigne. 65 lvs. *Part 3: Cf. Hauser 3061. Part 4: Cf. Hauser 2931. Parts 5 and 6: Not in Hauser.
7. A.MAILLART. Apologie de Maistre André Maillart Conseiller du Roy & maistre des Requestes ordinaires de sa Maiesté. 1588. 72p. *Not in Hauser. Lindsay & Neu 1330.
8. [A.MAILLART.] Le Francophile pour tres grand, tres chrestien... Prince Henry Auguste IIII... contre les conspirations du Roy d'Espagne, du Pape & des rebelles de France. 1606. 113p. *Cf. Hauser 3031. Lindsay & Neu 2333.
9. [A.MAILLART.] La fulminante pour feu tres-grand et tres-chrestien Prince Henry III... contre Sixte V. soy disant Pape de Rome, & les rebelles de la France. 1606. 58p. *Not in Hauser. Lindsay & Neu 2334.
10. [J.LESCHASSIER.] La maladie de la France. 45p. *Cf. Hauser 3187. Lindsay & Neu 2332.
11. Copie d'une lettre escrite au Roy par un gentil-homme françois. Sur les bruits qui courent que sa Majesté veut aller assieger Sedan. 1606. 27p. *Not in Hauser. Lindsay & Neu 2314.
*The whole volume: Brunet IV,c.1164. Barbier IV,c.101 (with detailed contents and collations, fully identical to our copy).

De sluik- en kroesharige rassen tusschen Selebes en Papua.
's Gravenhage, Martinus Nijhoff 1886.
4to. X,486p. With 44 tinted or coloured lithograph plates and 13 coloured maps (2 folding). Contemp. half calf, back richly gilt decorated, very light wear to joints but strong. A small stamp below the imprint erased with slight damage to the paper. A fine copy, with plates and text in clean condition. (#30491)
€ 1450


First (only) edition. An ethnographical description of the Central and South Moluccas, based upon personal observations of the author, a former resident of Ambon. Geographically arranged: the island Buru, Ambon and the Uliase, the island Serang or Nusaina, the Seranglao- and Gorong archipelago, the Watubela islands, the Keei or Ewaabu islands, the Aaru archipelago, the Tanembar- and Timorlao islands, the Luang-Sermata group, the Babar archipelago, the islands Leti, Moa and Lakor, the island Keisar or Makisar, the island Eetar or Wetar, and the islands Romang, Dama, Teun, Nila or Lina and Serua.

Three of Sir Isaac Newton's reports in his function as Master of the Mint

[ROBINSON Bryan (1680-1754)]
A short essay on coin.
Dublin, printed in the year, 1737.
22p. Nineteenth-century half green calf, back lettered gilt, marbled sides, somewhat worn. Some light foxing. (#35750)
€ 750

First edition, very rare. An important part of this little volume is taken by three epistolary reports by Sir Isaac Newton in his function as Master of the Mint. Of these Representations of Sir Isaac Newton the first two are 'to the Right Honourable the Earl of Oxford and Earl of Mortimer, Lord High Treasurer of Great Britain', dated 3 March 1711-12 and 23 June 1712 (p.4-6 and p.6-8), and the third is 'to the Right Honourable the Lords Commissioners of His Majesty's Revenue', dated 21 September 1717 (p.9-14).
Newton was appointed in 1696 Warden and in 1700 Master of the Mint, a position he held until his death. The present reports deal with the major issue with which Newton had to deal (apart from his relatively successful fight against counterfeiting): the variations in the value of gold coins in relation to the silver standard of the day. The measures taken as a result of the third and most important of these reports, the prohibition of the exchange of gold guineas for more than 21 silver shillings, had the effect of moving Britain from the silver to the gold standard. Though some authors have seen Newton as a bimetallist Jevons has shown that he 'did not intend to determine between gold and silver moneys a strict proportion as to price, that is a proportion corresponding with their market price' ('Sir Isaac Newton and bimetallism', in Investigations in currency and finance, 1884).
These letters are included, with some minor textual differences, in the standard edition of Newton's correspondence (nrs 900, 925 and 1264). The annotations in that edition state erroneously that the first two reports were printed for the first time in 1896 in William A.Shaw's Select tracts and documents illustrative of English monetary history 1626-1730. The important third report was first printed in the Daily Courant of 1717 and several times reprinted.
The reports are followed by a commentary by Bryan Robinson, an admirer of Newton, in which he with use of mathematical formulas attempts 'to show how to determine the true values of the gold and silver coins of one nation in another'. An appendix appeared the same year, but without Newton interest. Robinson's sons Christopher and Robert published a much enlarged edition in 1757 but again without Newton interest.
*Kress 4359. Goldsmiths' 7528. Hanson 5082. Goldsmiths'-Kress 07534.8. Palgrave III,p.19.

A vast program of reforms

[THOME, Louis Marie René, marquis de]
De l'ensemble, ou essai sur les grands principes de l'administration.
A Paris, chez Gattey 1788.
2 volumes. [IV],456; [IV],348p. Contemp. calf, gilt backs, sides with gilt double-line borders and small central coat of arms, marbled endpapers. (#31243)
€ 1750

First (only) edition. A very rare work on public administration which contains a vast program of reforms. It deals with all aspects of governmental science and public welfare. The author treats public morality and moral education, with particular attention for the education of women, and improvements to introduce in the legislation and the administration of justice. An important part of the work is dedicated to urgently needed reforms to be made in public finance. He discusses the injustice and detrimental effects of so many of the existing taxes and proposes the introduction of a single tax.
The second volume treats the 'physical' part of public administration, the promotion of commerce and trade, with chapters on improvements to be made in the army, statute labour, the road-system and river works, the police, the facilities for travellers, postal services, etc. The author also gives suggestions for the local administration on subjects like public health, clean water, loan-offices, fire-service, hospitals, town planning, cemeteries, etc. He ends his work with a discussion of the monarchy with a proposal for the installation of a supreme council.
We were unable to find any information about the author, other than that he has been suggested (together with G.J.B.Target and P.A.Torné) as the author of a somewhat similar work (L'Esprit des Cahiers, see INED 4277 for a long notice), published in 1789 and presented to the States General.
*INED 4317. Not in Kress, Goldsmiths' or Einaudi.

TUCKER, George (1775-1861)
The laws of wages, profits, and rent, investigated.
Philadelphia, E.L.Carey & A.Hart 1837.
X,189,[2]p. Contemp. half calf. Mild foxing throughout.(#25512)
€ 450

First edition. The major book on economics of George Tucker, that ‘stands out as a theretical contribution'. Tucker was a lawyer, politician and member of Congress from Virginia, and the author of a great number of works of literary, historical and social-economic interest, including the first biography of Thomas Jefferson and a four-volume history of the United States. He was also the author of one of the earliest American works of science fiction, A voyage to the moon. He was professor of moral philosophy and political economy at the University of Virginia and founder of the section on political economics and statistics of the American Institute for the Advancement of Science.
He opposed the Ricardian labour theory of value, instead he proposes a supply and demand theory. ‘Ricardo had related rent to the original and indestructible powers of the soil, while according to Tucker rent arises because land yields a surplus. Ricardo had taught that profits tend to decline with rising money wages. To Tucker, the decline of profits reflected the mobement from high-yielding investment projects to low-yielding ones.'
*Goldsmiths'-Kress 29811. New Palgrave IV, p.704.

Bilan général et raisonné de l'Angleterre; depuis 1600 jusqu'à la fin de 1761; ou lettre à M.L.C.D. sur le produit des terres et du commerce de l'Angleterre. Par M.V.D.M.
[No place, no publisher] 1762.
[IV],260p. Modern marbled boards, back with gilt-lettered morocco label. (#30841)
€ 750

First (only) edition. 'The object of [this book] is to show that the wealth and trade of England were not greater than those of France. With this view the author examines into the balance of trade between England and other countries (including Ireland), the national income and debt, exchanges, imports and exports of bullion, war expenditure, etc. He concludes that England, after having been a gainer by her trade during the 17th century, was in 1761 a loser from a monetary point of view. He supports his argument by statistics from official and the best private estimates, and carefully considers objections' (Palgrave).
An English translation (A general view of England; respecting its policy, trade, commerce, taxes, debts, produce of lands, colonies, manners, &c. &c.) appeared 1766.
*Goldsmiths'-Kress 09743. INED 4468bis. Palgrave II,p.753.

WALRAS, Léon (1834-1910)
Etudes d'économie politique appliquée (Théorie de la production de la richesse sociale).
Lausanne, F.Rouge & Paris, F.Pichon 1898.
[IV],499p. With 6 figures on 4 folding leaves. Contemp. half polished calf, gilt back. A very clean copy. (#18917)
€ 1850

First edition.
*Einaudi 5969.

[WICQUEFORT, Abraham de (1606-182)]
Verhael in forme van journael, van de reys ende 't vertoeven van den seer doorluchtige ende machtige prins Carel de II koning van Groot Britannien, &c. Welcke hy in Hollandt gedaen heeft, zedert den 25 Mey, tot den 2 Junij 1660. [Bound with:] Robertus KEUCHENIUS(1636-1673) Anglia triumphans. Sive in inaugurationem serenissimi, potentissimi ac invictissimi principis, Caroli II ... poëmation [with half-title:] Engelsche triomph, ofte gedichten van verscheyde poëten, op de herstellinge van Carel de II...
In ‘sGraven-Hage, by Adrian Vlack 1660.
2 volumes in 1. Folio (41 x 26 cm). [IV],4,132, 34,32p., several errors in pagination. With engraved coat-of-arms of Charles II on both titles, 2 engraved headpieces, and 6 double-page engraved plates by David and Pierre Philippe and Theodor Matham after J.Toorenvliet and A. van de Venne. Contemp. blind- and gilt tooled vellum, gilt edges, some light soiling, corners slightly worn. Without the portrait.(#32147)
€ 1500


First edition. A splendidly illustrated acount of Charles II's travels through the Netherlands from Breda, where he had lived during his exile, to the port of Scheveningen, to regain the Crown of England. Charles was enthusiastically applauded and ‘the cities were too small to house all the people who desired to see the new king.'
The plates show Charles's arrival in Delft, his arrival in The Hague, a banquet at the Mauritshuis offered by the States of Holland, Charles address to the States General, his address to the States of Holland (here in Muller's state b), and his departure from Scheveningen.
This was also published in French and English (translated by Sir William Lower), by the same publisher and with the same plates.
*Landwehr, Splendid ceremonies 126. Muller, Nederlandse historieplaten 2156.

't Boeck der zee-rechten. Inhoudende dat hoochste ende oudste Gotlantsche water-recht, dat de gemeene cooplieden ende schippers geordineert ende gemaeckt hebben tot Wisbuy ... [Second title:] Zee-rechten, dat is: Dat hoochste ende outste Gotlandtsche water-recht ...
Middelburgh, Symon Moulert 1637.
4to. [VIII],158p. With a vessel on the first and coat of arms of Zeeland on the second title-page. Contemp. vellum, a little dust-soiled but a nice copy.(#40047)
€ 600

An early edition of a major source for early commercial law, republished many times until 1753. A rare Middelburg printing, the first edition published outside Amsterdam.
The first part begins with the so-called Wisbyan compilation, a maritime code pretended to have been agreed at Wisbuy (Gotland), printed in Holland for the first time in 1588. It is is followed by a great number of proclamations, ordinances, etc. on maritime affairs issued since 1551.
Bound with: Quintyn WEYTSEN, Een tractaet van avarien ... Middelburgh, Symon Moulert 1641. 16p.
And with: Ordonnantie ghemaeckt by bailliu, burghemeesters, schepenen ende raedt der stadt Middelburgh, in Zeelandt op 't stuck van asseurantien. Middelburgh, Symon Moulert 1641. [16]p.

All our books are complete and in good or fine condition, unless otherwise mentioned.
They are carefully described and appropriate bibliographical references have been added.
Delivery according to the general terms of sale of the Antiquarian Booksellers' Association of the Netherlands,
depot no. 212/1982 Amsterdam.

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