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List February 2019

'A more correct view of the theory of rent than ... Adam Smith‘

ANDERSON, James (1739-1808)
Observations on the means of exciting a spirit of national industry; chiefly intended to promote the agriculture, commerce, manufactures, and fisheries, of Scotland. In a series of letters to a friend.
Dublin, printed for S.Price, W. and H.Whitestone, J.Williams [etc.] 1779.
2 volumes. LXVII,325; [IV],424p., complete with both half titles. From the library of William Fortescue (?), with his bookplate on paste-downs (rudely removed in the second volume) and his name on the title of the first volume. Contemp. calf, backs with red and black labels, sides a bit scratched. A very nice set.
€ 1250

First Irish edition. James Anderson was a Scottish gentleman farmer and author of several works on rural economy, the corn trade and similar subjects, but he is particularly credited for his (in the present work) anticipating the Ricardian theory of rent, the first clear formulation of the law of diminishing returns.
These volumes 'show clearly that Anderson had a more correct view of the theory of rent than his greater contemporary and compatriot Adam Smith. Rent, he says, is a premium for the cultivation of the richer soils, reducing the profits of the cultivators to an equality with those of the cultivators of the poorer' (James Bonar in Palgrave). 'The association of rent with decreasing returns which was to be one of the most characteristic features of the Ricardian system, was established by Anderson' (Schumpeter).
These volumes also contain one of the earliest criticisms of Adam Smith's Wealth of nations. In a Postscript to letter thirteenth (volume II, p.109-224) Anderson writes: 'I have seen the very ingenious treatise of Dr. Adam Smith on the nature and causes of the wealth of nations; and am sorry to find, that I have the misfortune to differ in opinion from an author of such extensive knowledge, and liberal sentiments, on a subject of so much real importance as that which is here treated of'. Schumpeter considered Anderson 'one of the most interesting English economists of the late eighteenth century ... he had to an unusual degree what so many economists lack, Vision'.
The first edition was published in Edinburgh in 1777.
*Kress B.170. Goldsmiths' 11772. Einaudi 117 (the first edition). Schumpeter p.263ff. Palgrave I,p.39-40 & III,p.287.

Early Italian banking

Banco di Santo Ambrosio.
Delle leggi, contratti, et governo del Banco Santo Ambrosio della citta di Milano, stabiliti nella congregatione de' Signori Gouernatori di detto Banco. Il giorno di Lunedi, li due del mese d'Aprile M.D.CI. Accetati, & confermati dal Conseglio Generale de' Signori Sessanta di detta città. Giovedě 12. Luglio di detto anno.
In Milano, per Pandolfo Malatesta [1601].
4to. 36,[11 patent by Juan de Velasco]p. Title with woodcut device of the bank, and several woodcut initials and ornaments in the text. Contemp. carta rustica. Printed on fine paper.(#31168)
€ 3000

First edition. One of the earliest printed documents relating to public banking. It contains the
statutes, by-laws and governance of the Bank as well as details about its establishment. The Banco Santo Ambrosio was one of the earliest public banks, established in 1598 upon the theories of Giovanni Antonio Zerbi. Zerbi was a Milanese merchant who had studied the Spanish and Sicilian banks and especially the bank of San Giorgio of Genoa. He published his theories on banking in 1599 as Discorso in forma di dialogo intorno al Banco S. Ambrosio della citta di Milano. Unfortunately the results of the bank were unsatisfactory and it was almost bankrupt in 1630.
*Goldsmiths'-Kress 00305.1. Kress 238. Kress, Italian 99. Palgrave III,p.691 (Zerbi).

BICQUILLEY, Charles François de (1738-1814)
Du calcul des probabilités. Nouvelle édition.
Toul, chez Joseph Carez ... et se vend à Paris, chez Duprat 1783.
[VIII],164p. With folding plate. Nineteenth-century half calf, gilt back, marbled sides and endpapers. Stamp on verso of front free endpaper and half-title. (#40983)
€ 350

First edition (?). A mathematical treatise on probability by this French philosopher and mathematician. The author had been a soldier and after the outbreak of the Revolution became mayor of his hometown Toul, member of the Directory of the department of La Meurthe and member and president of the municipal asembly of Toul.
Bicquilley was also the author of a Théorie élémentaire du commerce (1804), the 'first work in which the science of commerce was mathematically treated' (Wikipédia).
Though here stated as 'nouvelle édition' we did not find an earlier edition. WorldCat records a 'Nouv. éd.' dated An III-1805. A German edition appeared 1788.
*Todhunter p.438-441.

[BOISSEL, François (1728-1807)]
Le catechisme du genre humain, que, sous les auspices de la nature & de son véritable auteur, qui me l'ont dicté, je mets sous les yeux & la protection de la nation françoise & de l'Europe éclairée, pour l'établissement essentiel & indispensable du véritable ordre moral, & de l'éducation sociale des hommes, dans la connoissance, la pratique, l'amour & l'habitude des principes & des moyens de se rendre & de se conserver heureux les uns par les autres.
[No place, no publisher] 1789.
206p. With on the verso of the title errata and a notice that this book was ready to be printed 'two months before the miraculous & for ever memorable day of the assault of the Bastille'. Uncut in fine recent calf-backed marbled boards, gilt back. (#16341)
€ 1250

First edition. A violent rejection of the existing social order in which the author holds that the three basic principles of present society: property, marriage and religion, violate the rights of nature. In the form of a catechism he argues for the restauration of the natural order by means of education, aiming at the equality of men and the community of goods. He thus holds pre-communist views much resembling those of Babeuf. A second edition of this appeared in 1792.
*Martin & Walter I,3846. Monglond I,c.313. INED 578. Not in Kress, Goldsmiths' or Einaudi. Lichtenberger p.52.

A complete system of the philosophy of science

BOLZANO, Bernard (1781-1848)
Wissenschaftslehre. Versuch einer ausführlichen und grösstentheils neuen Darstellung der Logik mit steter Rücksicht auf deren bisherige Bearbeiter. Herausgegeben von mehren seiner Freunde. Mit einer Vorrede des Dr. J.Ch.A. Heinroth.
Sulzbach, J.E. v. Seidel 1837.
4 volumes. XVI,571,[1]; VII,568; VIII,575; XX,683p. With a double-page plate in volume 1. Contemp. black boards, backs with gilt lettered red calf label. Some light browning as usual and some little obtrusive striping with red and blue pencil on a very limited number of pages. An excellent set. (#29749)
€ 3500

First edition. In the Theory of science Bolzano attempted to design a complete system of the philosophy of science, including epistemology, scientific methodology and education, etc. Yet it is for his seminal contribution to logic that the author is now best remembered. Though initially of little influence his book was rediscovered by a.o. Husserl and Twardowski and this his magnum opus has now been acknowledged as one of the ground-breaking works in the history of logic.
Bolzano opposed the metaphysical idealism of Hegel and reverted to Leibniz's logicism. His logic is based upon the distinction between the logical meaning of a judgment and the actual awareness giving rise to the passing of that judgment. Logic is the doctrine of the possible, true and untrue, judgments contents that exist in themselves and can be examined, expressed or not.
Bolzano studied philosophy, mathematics and theology in Prague and became a catholic priest in 1805. He was appointed professor of philosophy of religion, but in 1820 dismissed and charged because of his liberal political views and anti-militarist agitation. Though cleared of all charges after a long ecclesiastical trial he was still forbidden to teach and to have his works published. Though the present work was finished already in 1830 it could therefore not appear before 1837.

BüCHNER, Ludwig (1824-1899)
Kraft und Stoff. Empirisch-naturphilosophische Studien. In allgemein-verständlicher Darstellung.
Frankfurt a. M., Verlag von Meidinger Sohn & Cie 1855.
Small 8vo. XVI,269,[3]p. Contemp. half green cloth, gilt back, almost invisibly rebacked with original gilt back laid down. (#30659)
€ 450

First edition. A classic 'gospel of materialism' that expresses an extreme materialistic philosophy. The author holds that the organic world, like the inorganic, could be fully explained on purely materialistic lines and that it was only a question of time before this would be experimentally demonstrated. 'Force and matter' only are real, spirit and soul are merely forms of thinking resulting from activity of the brain. The book was translated into many languages and has exercised considerable influence on popular free thinking.
Ludwig Büchner had studied medicine and lectured in Tübingen when he wrote the book, but the outcry provoked by its publication compelled him to resign and his further life he worked as a physician in Darmstadt.
*Printing and the mind of man 338.

'the only man who thought on these topics exactly as I did‘ (Adam Smith)

BURKE, Edmund (1729-1797)
Thoughts and details on scarcity, originally presented to the Right Hon. William Pitt, in the month of November, 1795.
London, printed for F. & C.Rivington and J. Hatchard 1800.
XVI,48p. Fine modern half brown calf by Riviere, back richly gilt with label, gilt lines on sides, a.e.g., a little rubbed.(#31431)
€ 900

First edition, first impression. Burke's most important treatise in the field of economics. Burke's famous attack on the French revolution seems to have overshadowed the fact that he was also a skilled economist. He was an ardent advocate of the capitalist market economy and Adam Smith is reported to have said of him 'that he was the only man who, without communication, thought on these topics exactly as he did'.
In the present work Burke maintains that labour is a commodity like every other, subject to all the laws and principles of trade. Though he admits that the condition of the labouring classes can be hard, he still holds that 'it would be pernicious to disturb the natural course of things, and to impede, in any degree, the great wheel of circulation which is turned by the strangely directed labour of these unhappy people'.
‘Mr Burke protests, in the most energetic manner, in this celebrated tract, against all attempts to interfere, in seasons of scarcity, with the prices of corn or the wages of labour; and he shows that though the pressure of scarcities may ben alleviated, it is not possible by any scheme of charity to exempt the labouring classes from the privations and sufferings incident to such calamitous periods.‘
*Todd 74a. Kress B.4086. McCulloch p.71 (at length). New Palgrave I,p.299.

[CAPPELLO, or CAPELLO, Pietro Andrea (1700-1763)]
Nuovo trattato del modo di regolare la moneta.
In Venezia, appresso Lorenzo Baseggio 1752.
4to. XII,152p. With 15 large folding tables. Contemp. vellum, back with red calf label, painted edges. Printed on fine paper. (#36956)
€ 3000

First and only edition. A rare analysis of the terms 'currency' and 'price', though without deep theoretical insight an impressive collection of data that has been of great use for later economists. The author provides the means to compare the value of gold and silver coins used in Venice with the currencies used in various Italian cities as well as in Cadiz, Lisbon, Constantinople, Alexandria, Vienna and England, shown in the impressive tables. Cappello attempted to end the monetary disorder in Venice and wanted to banish foreign currencies as means of payment. In his opinion foreign currencies should be treated as all other goods for sale, and therefore subjected to market forces.
*Kress 5187. Kress, Italian 281. Goldsmiths' 8725. Einaudi 860. Palgrave I, p.217.

Ordonnancie ende instructie naer de welcke voort-aen hen moeten reguleren die ghesworen wisselaers ofte collecteurs vande goude ende silveren penningen, wesende verboden, gheschroyt, te licht oft te seer versleten, ende oversulcx verclaert ende ghehouden voor billoen, daer toe ghecommitteert om de selve te leveren inde munten van sijne Majesteyt, ende al daer bekeert te worden in penninghen van hunne slaghe. [Half-title:] Ordonnancie ende instrvctie voor de wisselaers.
Antwerpen, Hieronymus Verdussen 1633.
Narrow folio (31 x 10 cm). 126 lvs. Title-page with woodcut coat-of-arms. With 3370 woodcuts. Recent blank calf. Printed on heavy paper, mildly yellowed but a good copy.(#33282)
€ 2150

A manual for moneychangers, following the official ordinance of March 1633. It depicts both sides of 1685 coins in their actual size, with descriptive text and their exchange rate. Included are the gold and silver coins in circulation in all European countries. It was also used to detect counterfeit money and a few counterfeit coins are also reproduced. The text of the ordinance is reproduced on the first seven pages. Also published in French by the same publisher the same year.

[COURT, Pieter de la (1618-1685)]
Aanwysing der heilsame politike gronden en maximen van de Republike van Holland en West-Vriesland.
Leiden & Rotterdam, Hakkens 1669.
4to. [XLIV],523,[1 errata]p. With engraved title. Contemp. overlapping vellum. A first blank with bibliographical annotations in a nineteenth-century hand. (#19083)
€ 750

First edition thus. A much enlarged edition of a famous plea for commercial and industrial freedom originally published (and several times reissued) in 1662 as a small volume with the title Interest van Holland. The True interest and political maxims of the Republick of Holland (the title of the English edition) expresses much of the ideological background of the Dutch Republic in the seventeenth century.
The book was translated into German, French (as Mémoires de Jean de Witt!) and English (... by John de Witt!), apparently not without success because these translations too went through several editions, even in the eighteenth century.
*Wildenberg 1111. Knuttel, Verboden boeken 4. Carpenter, The economic bestsellers before 1850 6. Goldsmiths'-Kress 01895.1.
Bound with: Pieter de HUYBERT (1622-1697) Apologie tegens de algemeene, en onbepaelde vryheyd, voor de oude Hollandsche regeeringe ... Middelburg, Karel de Vrye 1669. 127p.

The education of the deaf and dumb

CZECH, Franz Herrmann (1788-1847)
Versinnlichte Denk- und Sprachlehre, mit Anwendung auf die Religions- und Sittenlehre und auf das Leben. [Bound with:] Nothwendigkeit der allgemein einzuführenden Elementar-Bildung der Taubstummen ...
Vienna, gedruckt und in Commission der Mechitaristen-Congregations-Buchhandlung 1836-37.
2 volumes in 1. 4to. XXI,[2 table],[1 blank],25-441,[3 errata]; 33,[3]p. With an engraved frontispiece, 67 plates, 4 maps (2 folding), and numerous woodcut figures in the text. Contemp. half calf, back richly gilt with raised bands, marbled sides, yellow edges. A very fine copy printed on fine paper. (#29945)
€ 1950


First edition. The first work on the education of the deaf and dumb to attract international attention. It was published as a help for teaching the deaf mutes, with detailed exposition of the system both in the text and on the numerous figures or scenes on the fine plates. Czech regarded thinking as a mental activity, innate in each individual. Articulated speech may make the process easier but is not intrinsically necessary. Czech therefore thought it both morally and legally a duty to provide education to the deaf and dumb.
Czech had been professor of philosophy at the Theresianischen Ritter-Akademie in Vienna and in 1818 was appointed professor at the famous Wiener-Taubstummen-Institut. This institute was founded in 1779 by Maria Theresia after the example of the French Institution Nationale des Sourds Muets of the famous abbé de l'Epée.

DOHM, Christian Wilhelm von (1751-1820)
Materialien für die Statistick und neuere Staatengeschichte.
Lemgo, Meyerschen Buchhandlung 1777-85.
5 volumes. [XVI],576; XXVIII,482,[2 adv.]; [XII],3-484, 497-580; XVI,508,[2 adv.]; [IV],672,[2 errata]p., thus complete. With 17 folding tables to volume 2 (being p.337-364) and 7 large folding tables to volume 3. Finely bound in modern half calf, backs richly gilt decorated with the original red and green labels, marbled sides, red edges. Lightly browned as may be expected but a very attractive set. (#29298)
€ 1250

First (only) edition. A complete set of this journal collecting documents on commercial and political history, demography, statistics, etc., including documents never published before, mostly in German but some in French. Included are, among many other pieces, a German translation of Thomas Paine's Common sense, the charter and statutes of the Royal Danish Asian Company, documents on the Spanish economy taken mostly from Ustariz, on France's population and commerce, including John Law's Mémoire sur l'usage de monnoyes (in French), the petition of West Indian plantation owners on the present unrest in America, two of Turgot's edicts (on the suppression of the corvées and on the dissolution of the guilds), documents on the wars between France and England and the sea war between the Dutch Republic and England, the conflict between the duke of Brunswick and the city of Amsterdam, the treaty of peace between the Republic and the North American states, the first printing of Ezechiel Spanheim's Relation de la Cour de France faite au commencement de l'année 1690 (in French), an important source for the history of Louis XIV and his court, and numerous documents on the history, commerce, administration, population, agriculture, industry, etc. of the European nations during the 1770's.
Dohm was a German diplomat, historian and enlightened political thinker. He is best remembered for his important contribution to the emancipation of the Jews (Ueber die Bürgerliche Verbesserung der Juden, 1781-83), written on the request of his friend Moses Mendelssohn. He is also the author of an important critique of Physiocracy (Ueber das physiokratischen System, 1782).
*Kress-Goldsmiths' 11531. Humpert 12331. Not in Kress.

DUVILLARD DE DURAND, Emmanuel Etienne (1775-1832)
Analyse et tableaux de l'influence de la petite vérole sur la mortalité à chaque age, et de celle qu'un préservatif tel que la vaccine peut avoir sur la population et la longévité.
Paris, Imprimerie Impériale 1806.
Large 4to. [IV],210p., with numerous tables in the text. Contemp. half calf, gilt back with green label, small (about 15 mm) defect at foot of back. Tiny wormhole in margin of some 10 leaves, far from printed surface, faint mostly marginal foxing in a few leaves. (#29012)
€ 1250

First (only) edition. Statistical investigations into the effect of smallpox on the mortality of the population and the effect smallpox vaccination can have on the the rate of mortality and life expectancy, divided into various classes of age. The mortality tables in this volume have long been in use in France. The author was born in Geneva from an ancient Huguenot family. He was a member of the Académie des Sciences and head of the statistical department of population in the office of the French ministry of the Interior.
*McCulloch p.274. Palgrave I,p.660.

ENGELS, Friedrich (1820-1895)
Internationales aus dem Volksstaat (1871-75).
Berlin, Verlag der Expedition des ‘Vorwärts' Berliner Volksblatt 1894.
72p. Orig. printed wrappers, back reinforced. Kept in a fine marbled box with red calf label. Printed on vulnerable paper.(#19391)
€ 750

First separate edition. A series of articles published in the mentioned years in the journal Volksstaat, with a preface and a postface dated 1894. Contains: Abermals Herr Vogt, Die Bakunisten an der Arbeit, Zwei Flüchtlings-Kundgebungen, and Soziales aus Russland.
*Rubel 72. Erstdrucke p.40.

First English edition, presentation copy, with a letter

ENGELS, Friedrich (1820-1895)
The condition of the working class in England in 1844 with appendix written 1886, and preface 1887. Translated by Florence Kelley Wischnewetzky.
New York, John W. Lovell Company [1887].
[IV],VI,199, [1 translator's note], IX [appendix], II [index], [1 blank] p. Orig. brown cloth, back gilt lettered, t.e.g. Presentation copy inscribed by the translator on first blank to Joseph Dietzgen.(#31563)
€ 9000


First English edition of Die Lage der arbeitenden Klasse in England (1845). This edition was issued in England the next year with a new title-page, and a British-printed edition did not appear before 1891.
The condition of the working class in England is a detailed description and analysis of the appalling conditions of the working class in Britain during Engels's stay in Manchester and Salford. The work also contains seminal thoughts on the state of socialism and its development. It was considered a classic in its time and must have been an eye-opener for most Germans. The work initially made rather little impact in England as it was not translated until the end of the nineteenth century. It was however very influential with historians of British industrialisation throughout the twentieth century.'
This was translated by Florence Kelley (1859-1932), lifelong feminist, activist for African-American civil rights, co-founder of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, and social reformer fighting against the exploitation of the labouring classes and child labour. Educated at Cornell she spent several years in Europe were she met with socialists and became an admirer of Karl Marx and befriended with Friedrich Engels. At the time of publication of this volume she was married to Lazare Wischnewetzky.
Joseph Dietzgen (1828-1888) was a self-educated German philosopher, a follower of Karl Marx, but with an independent interpretation of his philosophy. He developed a theory of dialectical materialism ‘which draws from Feuerbach's materialism and Hegel's dialectic', of influence on Lenin. He emigrated to New York in 1884 and then moved to Chicago, where his son had established a succesful business, and there became editor at the Arbeiterzeitung.
Added is a manuscript letter, though without addressee or signature, dealing with the dispute with the (German-)American socialists, one leaf (15 x 24 cm). In the upper left corner ‘From Engels', in the upper right corner ‘London, Jan. 17th 1887'. In English, first line reads: ‘The movement in America, just at this moment, is I believe best seen from over the Ocean'. The text agrees with the abstract of Engels' letter to Florence Kelley Wischnewetsky as repoduced in the Marx and Engels Correspondence, but for one or two minor points and for the text of the 7th sentence (‘The less it is drilled ...') which here is in German (see: At end are two lines added, but we are unable to unveil its contents.

Ephemerides du citoyen.
Ephemerides du citoyen, ou bibliotheque raisonnée des sciences morales et politiques. [Volumes 2-6, 8-9 and 11-12.]
Paris, Lacombe 1768.
9 volumes. Small 8vo. Each volume 200/250p. Contemp calf, backs richly gilt with title and volume labels, red edges, front side of volume 8 and rear side of volume 9 with worm track. Worm hole in blank margin of last 50 pages of volume 9. A nice set.(#36192)
€ 3500

The Ephemerides du citoyen was the major journal of Physiocracy. ‘As an early if not the first, economic journal, the Ephemerides remains an important part of economic literature and an indispensable source for those interested in the study of Physiocracy.'
It was founded in 1765 by Nicolas Baudeau and the marquis de Mirabeau as a bi-monthly under the title Ephemerides du citoyen ou chronique de l'esprit national, but soon changed its title into the present and appeared monthly. After May 1768 it was edited by Dupont de Nemours, until it was forbidden after the third volume of 1772. After Turgot had become minister a new series was started as Nouvelles éphémérides économiques, but it was again ceased in June 1776 on his dismissal.
The present volumes include contributions by a.o. Dupont de Nemours (Lettre à M. de Saint-Péravy contenant l'analyse et la réfutation de l'Essai analytique sur la richesse et l'impôt, and Analyse des voyages d'un philosophe), François Quesnay (Lettres d'un fermier et d'un propriétaire), Nicolas Baudeau (Analyse de la physiocratie de Dupont de Nemours), and Mirabeau (Education économique des filles). Of particular interest is a contribution by Benjamin Franklin on the troubles between England and the American colonies (volume 8, p.159-192): Réponses de M. Franklin, au second interrogatoire qu'il subit devant la Chambre des Communes du Parlement d'Aangleterre.
*INED 1737. Palgrave I,p.743-747. New Palgrave II,p.166.
Volume 11 has bound at end: Lettre à M. de La Place, auteur du Mercure de France, sur un moyen assuré de détruire les courtillières. Paris, L.Cellot 1767. 11p. With an engraved plate. *WorldCat identifies only an edition Strasbourg, Christmann & Lerrault, 1767. Not in BnF. Also in this volume: [François QUESNAY or François Véron de FORBONNAIS] Supplement au onzième tome des Ephemerides du citoyen, pour l'année 1768, ou Examen de l'examen du livre intitulé, Principes sur la liberté du commerce des grains [by Louis-Paul Abeille]. [4],2,75-94, 23-24,97-120, 49-50,123-142p., thus complete. *Goldsmiths'-Kress 10432. Facsimile reprints appeared in 1988 and 2005.
Volume 12 has bound at end: [Jean François VAUVILLIERS] Lettre d'un gentilhomme des états de Languedoc à un magistrat du parlement de Rouen, sur le commerce des bleds, des farines et du pain. [No place] 1768. [II],47p. *INED 4405 (and p.35 for an uncertain attribution to Baudeau).

FLORI, Lodovico (1579-1647)
Trattato del modo di tenere il libro doppio domestico col suo esemplare. Composto dal padre Lodovico Flori della Compagnia di Giesu. Per uso delle case, e collegii della medesimà Compagnia nel Regno di Sicilia.
In Palermo, per Decio Cirillo 1636.
3 parts in 1 volume. Folio. [IV],126,[2]p. & 2 folding lvs., [III]p., 32 lvs, [6]p., 50 lvs, [7]p. Contemp. vellum, few minor imperfections. Vague water stain in uppermargin, a few small marginal ink spots and some foxing and browning as may be expected, upper outer corner of second half rounded without any loss of text. (#20193)
€ 5500

First edition. A rare and important work on double-entry bookkeeping. Other than most works of the period it is not concerned with its application to the transactions of merchants and traders, mercantile bookkeeping, but to non-trading activities. Flori was a Jesuit who spent most of his life in Sicily and he wrote this book for the benefit of Jesuit monasteries and colleges.
Flori was well acquainted with the writings of previous authors, and particularly praises Angelo Pietra's Indrizzo de gli economi (1586). He follows that work closely, and recognises his indebtness to his predecessor, but ‘far outpasses it, making numerous important innovations'. Flori was the first author to introduce the concept of a financial year and the possibily to get at any time an overview of the financial situation. ‘It is an outstanding work. Flori's precise and clear-cut definitions and his illustrations of double-entry books testify to his firm grasp of the subject of bookkeeping ...'
A second edition appeared 1677.
*Goldsmiths'-Kress 00671.3. Kress 517. Kress, Italian 146. Historical accounting literature p.3.

GOBINEAU, Joseph Arthur de (1816-1882)
Les religions et les philosophies dans l'Asie centrale.
Paris, Didier 1865.
IV,543,[1]p. Later half cloth, back with gilt calf label, marbled sides, orig. printed wrappers (soiled) preserved. Occasional foxing in the first half of the volume but a nice copy. (#37792)
€ 350

First edition. A work that remains a fundamental source for the origin of the Bahá'i Faith. It was written shortly after Gobineaus's second stay in Persia from January 1862 to October 1863, now as a minister of the French government. It was the main work by which the religion of the Bab, the forerunner of the Bahá'i Faith, became known to the Western world. Rare.

[GRAUMANN, Johann Philipp (1690-1762)]
Vernünftige Vertheidigung des Schreibens die teutsche und anderer Völker Münz-Verfassung betreffend, der so genanten gründlichen Prüfung desselben entgegen gesetzet. Nebst einem Anhange, worin die in der Erfahrung gegründete Ursachen von dem Steigen und Fallen des Gold- und Silber-Preises, und dem darauf sich gründenden Steigen und Fallen des Wechsel-Courses abgehandelt werden.
Berlin, Christian Friderich Voss 1752.
4to. [VIII],63,[1]p. Contemp. cream boards, back with ms. title. Stamp on verso of title ('ex bibliotheca fideicomm. Ernestii Aug'), old ms. library entries on first paste-down and free endpaper. An attractive copy. (#28970)
€ 450

First (only) edition. Graumann has been recognized as the greatest monetary theorist of his time in Germany, credited with the successful reform of the monetary system in Brunswick and Prussia. He published an important treatise on the currency system and the circulation of money, in fact a theoretical plan for devaluation, in 1749 (Abdruck von einem Schreiben, die Deutsche und anderer Völcker Münz-Verfassung betreffend). This was criticized by the Hannover merchant Julius Melchior Strube in 1751 and in the present volume Graumann replies to this criticism. Much rarer than the author's earlier work.
*Kress S.3920. Humpert 11102. Masui p.802.

First German edition

GROTIUS, Hugo (1583-1645)
Drey Bücher vom Rechte des Krieges und des Friedens, darinnen das Recht der Natur und der Völcker, wie auch die vornehmsten Sachen desjenigen Rechtes, welches von der Regierung eines Staates handelt, erkläret, und die Anmerckungen des Verfassers hinzugefüget werden. Aus dem Lateinischen ins Deutsche übersetzet durch P.B. S[inold] g[enannt] Schütz. Nebst einer Vorrede Herrn Christian Thomasii.
Leipzig, Friedrich Groschuff 1707.
4to. VI,84,[4],1248,[40]p. With an engraved allegorical frontispiece with inset portrait of Grotius, and an engraved vignette. Contemp. panelled calf, back with gilt lettered label, sprinkled edges, very light wear to upper joint. A very nice copy. (#31521)
€ 4500

First German edition of Grotius' great De jure belli ac pacis (1625). This translation is preceded by a preface by Christian Thomasius: Von der Historie des Rechts der Natur bis auf Grotium; von der Wichtigkeit des Grotianischen Werck's, und von dem Nutzen gegenwärtiger Ubersetzung. A second German edition, translated by Johann Niclas Serlin appeared in 1709. That edition was, contrary to the present, heavily annotated. The translator in his preface to the present translation however says that he preferred to translate the book unchanged, because the annotations and comments of other writers often obscure the work rather than clarify it.
*Ter Meulen & Diermanse 662. Printing and the mind of man 125.

GROTIUS, Hugo (1583-1645)
De mari libero et P. Merula de maribus.
Lugd. Batavorum [Leyden], ex officina Elzeviriana [B. & A.Elzevier] 1633.
Small 8vo (10,5 x 5,5 cm). 308p. With engraved title with a vessel. Contemp. overlapping vellum. Some neat old underlinings in red pencil on first 20 pages. Good copy.(#33480)
€ 750

One of three editions from the same year. Includes Grotius' Mare liberum, Paulus Merula's Dissertatio de maribus, Marcus Zuerius Boxhorn's Apologia pro navigationibus Hollandorum, adversus Pontum Heuterum and the Tractatus pacis, mutui commercii, sive intercursus navigationum [of 1495].
*Ter Meulen & Diermanse 545. Willems 385.

HAYEK, Friedrich August von (1899-1992)
Das Mieterschutzproblem. Nationalökonomische Betrachtungen.
Wien, Steyrermühl [1929].
Small 8vo. 40p. Orig. printed wrappers. Very fine copy. (Bibliothek für Volkswirtschaft und Politik, Heft 2)(#40674)
€ 750

First edition, very rare. A speech on the rent control problem held before the Nationalökonomischen Gesellschaft in Vienna 18 December 1928. Hayek treated the subject again in 1930 in the article The repercussions of rent restrictions (Schriften des Vereins für Sozialpolitik 182), 'freely translated' in the 1972 volume Verdict on rent control. Both articles formed the substance of his article on the subject in the 1975 volume Rent control: a popular paradox, edited together with Milton Friedman and others.
*Gray P1.

HODGSKIN, Thomas (1787-1869)
Travels in the North of Germany, describing the present state of the social and political institutions, the agriculture, manufactures, commerce, education, arts and manners in that country, particularly in the kingdom of Hannover.
Edinburgh, Archibald Constable 1820.
2 volumes. XXVI,[2],496; X,518p., no half-titles. Attractively rebound to style in half calf, gilt backs with red and green label, marbled sides. A nice and fresh set. (#20041)
€ 900

First edition of the author's second book. It is the result of his three-year tour to study the social and economic conditions on the continent in the aftermath of the Napoleonic wars. His observations are accompanied with anecdotes demanded by his publisher to make the work amusing, and with considerations on good government and administration. Hodgskin's concern with social and economic justice forecasts his later involvement in trade unionism and socialism.
Hodgskin is best remembered for his defence of the right of labourers to 'combine' and for his denouncement of the appropriation of the most part of value produced by the labour of industrial workers as illegitimate (Labour defended against the claims of capital, 1825). It influenced generations of trade unionists and socialists, including Karl Marx.
*Kress C.551. Goldsmiths' 22760.

HOGENDORP, Dirk van (1761-1822)
Berigt van den tegenwoordigen toestand der Bataafsche bezittingen in Oost-Indiën en den handel op dezelve.
[No place], gedrukt voor den Auteur [1799].
XII,194p. Uncut und largely unopened in contemp. sprinkled boards. Signed by the author on the verso of the title. (#31797)
€ 375

First edition, rare. An important critique of the policy of the Dutch East Indian government, essentially feudal, in which indigenous regents or lords were supported by the Dutch in return for tributes. It influenced the policies of Raffles and Daendels and the more liberal administration of the Dutch after the abolition of the cultivation system.
Van Hogendorp, brother of the Dutch statesman Gijsbert Karel van Hogendorp, had been in the service of the East India Company for 15 years. In this report - translated as Report on the present state of the Batavian possessions in the East Indies and its trade - he pleads for a more liberal policy, reforms in the administration and the taxation sytem, property rights for the Javanese, greater freedom of trade, etc.
The greater part is taken by a description of Java and its trade. This is followed by chapters on the Cape of Good Hope, Ceylon (Sri Lanka), the Malabar Coast, Soeratte, Bengal, the westcoast of Sumatra, Borneo (Kalimantan), Macassar, the Moluccas, Amboyna, Banda, Malacca, Palembang, the trade to Japan and to China, and Timor.
The publication of his report aroused great displeasure by the governor-general Nederburgh and Van Hogendorp was arrested, but escaped. After his return to the Netherlands he continued his fight for a more liberal policy, in the committee to formulate a new colonial policy after the liquidation of the East India Company, and by the publication of various pamphlets. The following years he held various official positions, as a diplomat in St Petersburg and other places, as secretary of war in Holland under Louis Bonaparte and, after the annextion of the Netherlands by Napoleon in 1810, as a general in the Grande Armée. Unable to return to the Netherlands after the fall of the Empire he moved to Brazil where he died in 1822.
*Landwehr 1667.

HOGENDORP, Dirk van (1761-1822) [& Cornelis van der OUDERMEULEN (1735-1794)]
Stukken, raakende den tegenwoordigen toestand der Bataafsche bezittingen in Oost-Indie en den handel op dezelve. Kunnende dienen ter beantwoording der vraag 'of den handel op Oost-Indie niet anders dan door eene maatschappij, met een uitsluitend voorrecht voorzien, en het bestuur over de bezittingen aldaar hebbende, kan gedreven worden'.
In Den Haag en te Delft, by J.C.Leeuwesteyn & M.Roelofswaert 1801.
[II],464p. With 6 folding tables. Uncut in contemp. sprinkled boards. (#38257)
€ 375


First edition. The greater part of this volume (p.37-338) is taken by the report made up in 1785 by Cornelis van der Oudermeulen, at the time a director of the East India Company. This report, not without reason never published before, clearly showed the desastrous state of the East Indian trade. It was used by Van Hogendorp to show the failure of the principles on which the colonial policy had been based.
This was published as a sequel to his important critique of the policy of the Dutch East Indian government (Berigt van den tegenwoordigen toestand der Bataafsche bezittingen in Oost-Indiën en den handel op dezelve, 1799). Van Hogendorp added an introduction and notes, as well as a short treatise against slavery and the slave trade in the East Indies dated 1796.
*Landwehr 1668.

HOGENDORP, Gijsbert Karel van (1762-1834)
Memorie over den tegenwoordigen staat van den handel en de culture in de Oost-Indische bezittingen van den staat.
Te Amsterdam, by de wed. J.Doll 1804.
192,8p. Uncut in contemp. sprinkled boards. (#31796)
€ 350

First edition. A plea for a new colonial policy for the Dutch East Indies. The author rejects the contract trade with native princes and argues for free trade with other nations. It appeared after the liquidation of the East India Company as a sequel to the author's Brieven aan eenen participant in de Oost-Indische compagnie of 1802-03.
Gijsbert Karel was the younger brother of Dirk van Hogendorp, also well-known for his fight against the desastrous policy of the Company. He held conservative liberal ideas and is best known as part of the triumvirate that established a constitutional monarchy in the Netherlands in 1813.
A notice below the imprint states the book was 'not for sale'.

HUME, David (1711-1776) & Richard CANTILLON (1697-1734) & Ange GOUDAR (1708-1791) & others.
Discours politiques.
Amsterdam, J.Schreuder & Pierre Mortier 1756-61.
5 volumes. Small 8vo. With repeated vignette on titles. Near contemp. calf-backed boards, backs richly gilt with double green labels, marbled sides, green sprinkled edges. A very nice set. (#29992)
€ 1750

An important collection of economic texts. Mauvillon's French translation of Hume's Political discourses first appeared in 1754 with the Amsterdam publisher Schreuder & Mortier. The publishers found so much interest in the book that they decided to publish more works on economics, keeping the title Discours politiques. The third volume includes Cantillon's seminal treatise Essai sur la nature du commerce en général, 'the most systematic statement of economic principles before Adam Smith's Wealth of nations'. It is here published one year after the original edition and in the year of the second edition.
1. Discours politiques de Mr. David Hume, traduits de l'Anglois par Mr. de M**** [Mauvillon]. 1761. [IV],355p.
2. Discours politiques. Tome second. [Essai sur les intérêts du commerce maritime, by Pierre André O'Heguerty; Considérations sur les finances d'Espagne, by François Véron de Forbonnais; Reflexions sur la necessite de comprendre l'etude du commerce et des finances dans celle de la politique, by the same; Reflexions politiques sur l'etat present de l'Angleterre, principalement a l'egard de ses taxes et de ses dettes, et sur leurs causes et leurs consequences, traduites de l'Anglois de Mylord Bolingbroke; Ouvrages sur le commerce, les finances, &c. Qui ont paru depuis deux à trois ans.] 1756. [VIII],324p.
3. Discours politiques. Tome troisieme. [Discours prononcés au Parlement d'Angleterre, dans la Chambre des Pairs, pour et contre la liberté du commerce au Levant, avec le Bill ou loi intervenue a ce sujet. Essai sur la nature du commerce en general. Traduit de l'Anglois. By Richard Cantillon.] 1756. [VI],428p.
4 & 5. Discours politiques. Tome quatrieme & cinquieme. [Les interets de la France mal entendus dans la branche de l'agriculture de la population, des finances, du commerce, de la marine, & de l'industrie, by Ange Goudar.] 1757. 2 volumes. [XX],462; [X],340p.

IMHOOFF, Jean Jacques.
L'Art de tenir les livres en parties doubles ou la science de faire écriture de toutes les négociations de banque, ou de commerce, ouvrage divisé en deux parties, dont la premiere contient: un traité raisonné qui enseigne la maniere de coucher sur les livres tous les objets rélatifs au commerce, & celle de tenir les écritures avec ordre & exactitude, &c. La seconde contient, le calcul des fractions rendu facile & à la portée de tout le monde: et enfin, une instruction sur la méthode de faire les écritures concernant l'économie rurale, &c.
A Vevey, chez l'auteur ... et se trouve à Genève, chez Barde, Manget & Compe ... et à Paris, chez Buisson 1786.
4to. [II],[2 errata],[III]-IV,[2],99, [3],35,[40],8,[3],25, [39],18,[16],12, [38],22,[12], 14,[40],66p. = 250 lvs. Contemp. half vellum, marbled boards, old names to front endpaper, minor defect in corner of front side. Signed by the author at end of the preface. (#31296)
€ 1750

First (only) edition. A rare Swiss accountancy book divided into two parts. The larger first part of the volume is a general introduction to double entry book-keeping. The second part deals with fractions in commercial arithmetic and exchange operations.
*Goldsmiths'-Kress 13244. HAL p.160 (erroneously calling for 265 leaves).

KROPOTKIN, Petr Alekseevich (1842-1921)
L'Anarchie. Sa philosophie. Son ideal. Conférence qui devait être fait le 6 mars 1897 dans la salle du Tivoli-Vauxhall à Paris.
Paris, P.V.Stock 1896.
Small 8vo. 59p. Contemp. red cloth, gilt back. Bound with another work by the author. Bookplate to front paste down. (#40804)
€ 750

First edition. Inscribed by the author 'à Domela Nieuwenhuis/ fraternellement/ Pierre Kropotkine'. Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis (1846-1919) was the most important leader of the early socialist movement in the Netherlands. In the 1890's he became disappointed with parliamentary methods and started propagating social anarchism.
With the bookplate of F.B.Enthoven, the author of an early (1901) Dutch history of anarchism. Bound with: Pierre Kropotkine, La conquête du pain. Préface par Elisée Reclus. Cinquième édition. Paris, P.V.Stock 1895. XV,297,[2]p.

LAUTS, Ulrich Gerard Lauts (1787-1865)
Japan in zijne staatkundige en burgerlijke inrigtingen en het verkeer met Europesche natiën.
Amsterdam, G.J.A.Beijerinck, 1847.
VIII,[2],357,[1]p. Contemp. half red calf, back romantically gilt decorated, closed tear in back, little rubbed.(#36989)
€ 1750

First (only) edition. A comprehensive book on Japan by this Dutch professor of overseas history. The first part deals with Japanese institutions, history, sciences, industry, agriculture, clothing, education, manners and character. In the second part the author treats the relations with the European nations: with the Portuguese from 1536 to 1639, the English from 1613 to 1623, and extensively with the Dutch from 1600 to 1846. The third part deals with the attempts to open Japan to foreign trade.
In his preface Lauts claims that he, other than other writers on the subject, had been able to make use of the Dutch colonial archives and of oral information from the Dutch Ministry of Colonies and from the former head of Deshima J.Cock Blomhoff. Rare.
*Cordier c.504.

LA VALETTE, Charles Jean Marie Félix, marquis de (1806-1881)
Les établissements généraux de bienfaisance placés sous le patronage de l'Impératrice. Maison des Quinze-Vingts. Hospice du Mont-Genèvre. Maison de Charenton. Institution des sourds-muets de Paris. Institution des jeunes aveugles. Institution des sourdes-muettes de Bordeaux. Asile Impérial de Vincennes. Asile Impérial du Vésinet. Institution des sourds-muets de Chambéry. Monographies présentées à Sa Majesté ...
Paris, Imprimerie Impériale 1866.
Large folio. XXIV,394p. With and engraved portrait of the Empress Eugenie at head of the dedication, and 39 engraved plates (partly on China paper, 2 in colour), of which 15 are floor plans (6 double-page) and 9 views of the various institutions etched by Léon Gaucherel. Contemp. half morocco, gilt back in compartments, marbled sides and endpapers. Some foxing throughout. (#40014)
€ 3000


A monumental publication with comprehensive descriptions of nine of the most important charitable institutions of France, with details about their history, administration, medical care, finance, architecture, etc. It was published under the responsibility of the marquis de La Valette, diplomat and at the time France's Minister of the Interior, and dedicated to the Empress Eugenie, wife of Napoleon III, to commemorate that she was appointed patroness of these institutions.
Most of these institutions had a long history. The Maison des Quinze-Vingts (or Hôpital des Quinze-Vingts) was founded in 1260 by Saint Louis to support 300 (15 x 20) poor blind people, both man and women. Originally housed in the rue Saint-Honoré it moved to the caserne des Mousquetaires-Noirs in the rue de Charenton in 1779. It merged with the institute for the blind founded by Valentin Haüy and moved to the boulevard des Invalides in 1843. Its buildings nowadays are in use by the eye hospital Centre hospitalier national d'ophtalmologie.
The Hospice du Mont-Genèvre near Briançon was founded in the 14th century to provide refuge to travellers crossing the Pyrenees, night and day and free of charge. The Maison de Charenton was founded in 1641 by the Frères de la Charité to support poor sick people. In the nineteenth century it became a mental hospital with Jean-Etienne Esquirol as its director.
The Institution des sourds-muets de Paris was founded in 1760 by Charles-Michel de l'Epée and became the world's first free school for the deaf. It is nowadays known as the Institut national de jeunes sourds de Paris. The Institution des sourdes-muettes de Bordeaux cared specifically for deaf girls. The Institution des jeunes aveugles was founded in 1784 by Valentin Haüy and gave education to blind boys and girls. The Asile Impérial de Vincennes and the Asile Impérial du Vésinet were founded by Napoleon III and offered care for sick workers and victims of accidents.

The controversy over the priority of the invention of the calculus

LEIBNIZ, Gottfried Wilhelm (1646-1716) & Johann BERNOULLI (1667-1748)
Commercium philosophicum et mathematicum. Ab anno 1694 ... ad annum 1716.
Lausanne & Geneva, Marci Michaelis Bousquet 1745.
2 volumes in 1. 4to. [IV],XXVIII,484; [II],492p. With 23 folding engraved plates and vignette on both titles. Contemp. half calf, gilt back with red label, sprinkled sides and edges. A very fine, remarkably fresh copy. Without the portrait of Leibniz added to some copies. (#32510)
€ 1500

First (only) edition. The important correspondence between Leibniz and Bernoulli, of great importance for the controversy over the priority of the invention of the calculus. Bernoulli had made thorough study of, and important contributions to infinitesimal calculus and sided with Leibniz in the controversy. It was a late answer to the Commercium Epistolicum, published already in 1712 by the Royal Society of London and 'thoroughly machined by Newton'.

LINTZ, Adam van (1673-?)
Koopmans-reekeningen ...
Amsterdam, Gysbert de Groot [volumes 3 & 4:] Weduwe van G. de Groot en Antoni van Dam1714-18.
4 volumes in 1. Small 8vo. 120,142,175,[1],[VI],176p. Contemp. vellum. Mild browning throughout. Old scribbling on blanks.(#36314)
€ 1250

Early editions of a much used manual for commercial arithmetic, rare complete in four volumes. The various parts were published separately and reprinted many times from the end of the 17th until the mid of the 19th century, revised and brought up to date by various other writers. Though separately parts are well represented in libraries complete sets are rare in the trade.
The various parts:
Het eerste deel. Van de gronden, en beginselen der reeken-konst, en het gebruik van dien: mitsgaders de reegel van drien in geheele getallen. Den tienden druk. 1717.
Het tweede deel, van de gronden, en beginselen der reekenkonst; aangaande de gebrooken getallen, en het gebruik van dien; mitsgaaders de reegel van drien in 't gebrooken, en de praktyk, of gebruikelyke reekening. Den zeevenden druk. 1714.
Het derde deel. Waar in veel noodige, en dienstige zaaken, des aangaande, ordentlyk by een gestelt zyn, en berigt worden. Den vyfden druk. 1718.
Het vierde deel. Waar in (tot vervolg van 't voorgaande) gehandeld word van veele noodige, en dienstige zaaken van dien. Den vijfden druk. 1718.
*Bierens de Haan 2767-2774. EHB 544.

[MANDEVILLE, Bernard (1670-1733)]
Venus la populaire, ou apologie des maisons de joye. Traduite de l'Anglois.
Londres, chez A Moore 1727.
Small 8vo. XII,130p. Contemp. calf, gilt back, red edges, marbled enpapers. A very nice copy.(#37909)
€ 1250

First French edition. Originally published in English in 1724 under the title A modest defence of public stews, or, an essay upon whoring. In its form it is a satirical defence of brothels, but its purpose is utilitarian: ‘The public stews will not encourage men to be lewd, but they will encourage them to to exercise their lewdness in a proper place, without disturbing the peace of the society, and with as little detriment to themselves as possible'.

MARQUARD [or MARQUART], Johann (1610-1668)
Tractatus politico-juridicus de iure mercatorum et commerciorum singulari ...
Francofurti, ex officina Thomae Matthiae Götzii [Frankfurt, Thomas Matthias Götz] 1662.
2 parts in 1 volume. Folio. [XII],572, [4],156,158-213,215-278,277-744,[138]p., thus complete. With an engraved frontispiece. Contemp. vellum, little wrinkled, neat repair to top of back. Worming in outer margin mostly in second half not affecting text. Some mild browning, small stamp on frontispiece and in the margin of a few other pages. Bound with another work of minor importance. (#33979)
€ 2750


First (only) edition. An important work by a jurist and prominent citizen of the Hanseatic town of Lübeck. The first part, written in Latin, is dedicated to the laws and customs of international commerce and maritime law.
The important second part with own title-page Documenta commercalia contains a great number of documents, partly never before published and now lost. It is mostly in German, but some parts are in Dutch, French, Spanish or Latin. It includes documents, treatises, privileges, etc. on international commercial relations, the Hanseatic League, the trade to the Americas, Willem Usselinx' Argonautica Gustaviana (p.373-540), a collection of documents on the Swedish South Trade Company and its settlement New Sweden, afterwards Pennsylvania, the Dutch West India Company, etc.
*Kress 1097. Goldsmiths' 1676. Sabin 44661. Asher p.85.

MILL, James (1773-1836)
Elements of political economy.
London, printed for Baldwin, Cradock, and Joy 1821.
VIII,235,[1 blank],[237-240,8 publisher's advertisements]. Uncut in fine recent half calf, gilt back with red label, marbled sides. A very fine copy.(#19997)
€ 1850

First edition. A summary of the state of the science in the beginning of the nineteenth century and as such the first English text book of classical economics. It arose from the lessons given by James Mill to his son John Stuart and is fully based upon Smithian and Ricardian theories with respect to the production and distribution of wealth and upon Malthusian theories of population.
*Kress C.739. Goldsmiths' 23118. Einaudi 3892. McCulloch p.17.

NAIGEON, Jacques André (1738-1810)
Recueil philosophique ou mélange de pieces sur la religion & la morale. Par différents auteurs.
Londres [Amsterdam, Marc Michel Rey] 1770.
2 volumes in 1. Small 8vo. [IV],190, [IV],253,[1]p. Early nineteenth-century half red calf, back richly gilt, marbled endpapers. Old owner's entry on titles. A fine copy. (#38066)
€ 1500

First (only) edition. A collection of 15 enlightened and materialistic essays by various authors, including Dumarsais, Diderot, Freret, Holbach, Mirabaud, Levesque de Burigny and David Hume. Collected or translated by Naigeon, a French man of letters, contributor to the Encyclopédie, atheist, and friend of the baron d'Holbach.
Of particular interest are the two essays by David Hume, here published for the first time in any language, translated by d'Holbach: Dissertation sur l'immortalité de l'ame and Dissertation sur le suicide. These essays were written around 1755 and printed as part of a book with the title Five dissertations. It was distributed among a selected group of readers only. These two essays provoked great controversy among them and the publisher Andrew Millar convinced Hume, with great difficulty, to remove the two essays. They were replaced with the essay Of the Standard of Taste and the book was published with the title Four dissertations. The two essays were published for the first time in English only in 1777, shortly after Hume's death.
*Todd p.203. Jessop p.33-35 & 39 (at length). Vercruysse 1770.B2.

A classic of the Mathematical School of economics

PANTALEONI, Maffeo (1857-1924)
Principii di economia pura.
Firenze [Florence], G.Barbèra 1889.
Small 8vo. 376p. Orig. blue cloth. Small vague stamp on title below imprint. Errata-slip inserted after title leaf. (Manuali Barbèra di scienze giuridiche, sociali e politiche VIII) (#29858)
€ 750

First edition. Pantaleoni's most important book, a classic of the Mathematical School 'which contributed to the introduction of marginalist ideas in Italian economic thought and which ... made a considerable impression outside Italy as well'. 'Austrian or 'Austro-Walrasian' in fundamentals, enriched by Marshall's apparatus of foreign and domestic trade ... it gave an important lead away from old and toward new things. In this consists its importance ... it is brilliantly written ... and is still worth reading'. A second edition appeared in 1894 and an English translation in 1898.
*Einaudi 4280. New Palgrave III,p.794. Schumpeter p.857. Batson p.30.

PARETO, Vilfredo (1848-1923)
Manuale di economia politica con una introduzione alla scienza sociale.
Milan, Società Editrice Libraria 1906.
Small 8vo. XII,579p. Orig. dark red cloth, gilt lettered, red edges. (Piccola Biblioteca Scientifica 13)(#23341)
€ 900

First edition. Whereas Pareto's Cours was 'simply a brilliant Walrasian treatise', and also the Manuale is 'not more than Walras work done over ... however done over with so much force and brilliance as to grow into something that deserves to be called a new creation'. 'It is better conceived and, more important, much better thought through than the Cours d'économie politique. It is basically a work of synthesis in which Pareto presented a general theory of economic equilibrium which is considerably more refined than Walras's.'
*Schumpeter p.858-861.

PARETO, Vilfredo (1848-1923)
Manuel d'économie politique. Traduit sur l'édition italienne par Alfred Bonnet (revue par l'auteur).
Paris, V.Giard & E.Brière 1909.
[IV],695,[4]p. Contemp. half red morocco, gilt back, marbled sides and endpapers. Fine copy. (#23343)
€ 750

First French edition of Pareto's Manuale di economia politica of 1906, revised by the author and with 'the mathematical appendix greatly improved'.
Whereas Pareto's Cours was 'simply a brilliant Walrasian treatise', and also the Manuale is 'not more than Walras work done over ... however done over with so much force and brilliance as to grow into something that deserves to be called a new creation'. 'It is better conceived and, more important, much better thought through than the Cours d'économie politique. It is basically a work of synthesis in which Pareto presented a general theory of economic equilibrium which is considerably more refined than Walras's.'
*Schumpeter p.858-861.

[PILATI DI TASSULO, Carlo Antonio (1733-1802)]
Projet d'une réforme à faire en Italie, ou moyens de corriger les abus les plus dangereux, & de réformer les loix les plus pernicieuses, établies en Italie. Ouvrage traduit de l'Italien.
A Amsterdam, chez Marc-Michel Rey 1769.
Small 8vo. [VIII],279p. Nineteenth century half morocco, marbled sides and endpapers, gilt edges, little rubbed. Some light foxing. Label of the ‘Biblioteca di L.Dalpane' to first blank.(#29722)
€ 600

First (only) edition. A plea for the reform of Italian law, originally published in Italian (Di una riforma d'Italia, 1767), that brought its author international fame. Pilati di Tassulo was an Italian jurisconsult, freethinker, and a prolific writer on political and juridical matters. He travelled through France, Holland, Prussia, Austria and Denmark to study the different forms of government of these countries. He became highly respected in his field and was consulted on questions of legal reform by among others the Austrian emperor Joseph and by Frederick II of Prussia.

POSTEL, Guillaume (1510-1581)
De orbis terrae concordia libri quatuor, multiiuga eruditione ac pietate referti, quibus nihil hoc tam perturbato rerum statu uel utilius, uel accommodatius potuisse in publicum edi, quiuis aequus lector iudicabit ... Adiectae sunt quoq[ue] annotationes in margine à pio atque erudito quodam viro ...
[Basel, Johann Oporinus 1544.]
Folio. [VIII],427 [i.e. 447, p.447 misnumbered 427], [29]p. Old manuscript vellum over boards, partly blackened and with some imperfections, upper joint cracked but holding. First blank detached, 8 mms of inner margin of title affected by old tape 'repair', a few stains but generally bright and clean. Early ownership inscription of a monastery library on title. Bound with another (incomplete) work. (#38970)
€ 3000

First complete edition. In this his great work Concerning the harmony of the earth Postel advocates a universalist world religion (Christianity), a united world (under French supremacy) and a universal law (natural law), resulting in general world peace. The thesis of the book is that all Jews, Muslims and heathens could be converted to the Christian religion since all religions have common foundations and Christianity best represents these foundations, 'the love of God, the praising of God, the love of Mankind, and the helping of Mankind'. In the first two books Postel set forth the basic dogmas of Christianity and the teachings of Mohammed and the Quran. In the third book Postel treats natural law and the doctrines of the various religions. In the fourth book he examines in which way Jews, Muslims and heathens could be converted to Christianity. This book includes also (p.350) a passage concerning the evangelization of the American Indians.
Guillaume Postel was a French humanist, linguist, familiar with Arabic, Hebrew, and Syriac and other Semitic languages, mystic, diplomat, and religious universalist, affiliated with the Company of Jesus, though not a member.
This edition is of particular importance for the annotations attributed to Theodore Bibliander (1509-1564), a Swiss Orientalist and controversionalist and editor of the first edition in Latin of the Quran, published in Basel in 1543, like the present volume by Oporin. These annotations were most likely added without Postel's knowledge and caused the work to be included in the Louvain Index with the annotation: 'Annotationes in Guilielmum Postellum de orbis terrae concordia, incerti authoris'. The first book, here occupying page 1-125, was published in Paris in 1543 by Pierre Gromors at the cost of the author.
*Adams P2020. Brunet IV, 840. Sabin 64524.
Bound with an incomplete copy of Joachim Vadianus' Epitome trium terrae partium, Asiae, Africae et Europae, 1534.

REBMANN, Johann Christian (1734-1810)
Von dem gerichtlichen und aussergerichtlichen Verfahren in Rechnungs-Angelegenheiten.
Erlangen, Johann Jacob Palm 1789.
4to. [VIII],XII,283p. Nineteenth-century half cloth, gilt back. (#30860)
€ 350

First (only) edition. A work on forensic and non forensic accounting, which according to the author's preface includes 'dasjenige, was zum aussergerichtlichen und gerichtlichen Verfahren bey Abnahm, Revision und Justificatur der Rechnungen, Untersuchungen gegen die Rechnungsführer, dann ihrer und der Revidenten begehenden Verbrechen, bey vorfallenden Streitigkeiten über Rechnungssachen gehöret, und was sowohl der Rechtsgelehrte als der Rechnungsverständige wissen muss'.
*Humpert 12410. Not in HAL.

Eternal peace

[SAINT-PIERRE, Charles Irénée Castel de (1658-1743)]
Projet pour rendre la paix perpetuelle en Europe.
Utrecht, chez Antoine Schouten 1713.
2 volumes. Small 8vo. [VI],400,[9]; [II],423,[9]p. With engraved frontispiece and portrait to volume 1. Contemp. blonde calf, backs richly gilt with red label, marbled sides with gilt line borders, red edges, minor defect at foot of back of first volume. A very nice set.(#23162)
€ 6500


First edition of the final text of the author's famous Project for eternal peace. This edition was preceded by three much more concise editions printed in very small numbers only.
The first notice of this project dates from 1708 in a small volume titled Mémoire sur la réparation des chemins. The publication of that volume was inspired by a journey made by Castel de Saint-Pierre in the winter of 1706-07 to his native province Normandy during which he had suffered from the miserable condition of the roads. Though the connection does not seem very obvious - Ter Meulen suggests that the roughness of the roads may have reminded him of the lack of smoothness in international relations - yet the volume ends with a notice in which the author remarks that 'during the last 14 days' all his attention was directed to a project 'for the establishment of a permanent arbitrage [between all nations] to settle without war their future differences and to also maintain eternal commerce between them'.
The present final version may have been influenced by the author's presence as secretary to Polignac at the difficult peace negotations of Utrecht in 1712. The ultimate version with the title Projet pour rendre la paix perpétuelle en Europe was published the next year by the Utrecht publisher Antoine Schouten.
Praised for his character by all, there is few agreement about the chimerical character of the works of the abbé de Saint-Pierre. Yet it has been noted that several of his suggestions seem to have been put in practice in some way in our days, including his plan for the establishment of a 'European parliament'.
*Goldsmiths' 5071. Einaudi 933. En Français dans le texte 137. J. ter Meulen, Der Gedanke der internationalen Organisation, p.180-221.

SAVARY, Claude Etienne (1750-1788)
Brieven over Egypte; in welken de zeden van 's lands oude en hedendaagsche inwooners met elkander vergeleeken, en de tegenwoordige staat des lands ... beschreeven worden. Uit het Fransch in 't Nederduitsch overgebragt. Met de aantekeningen zoo van ... Johan Gottlieb Schneider ... uit den Hoogduitschen druck ontleend, als van den Nederduitschen vertaaler, vermeerderd.
Amsterdam, Martinus de Bruijn 1788-89.
3 volumes. XVI,446; XVI,364; XIV,390p. With 2 folding maps, a folding plan of Alexandria and a folding plan of the interior of the Great Pyramid. Early nineteenth-century half cloth, gilt backs, marbled sides. Book plate to front paste downs. A nice set. (#38354)
€ 350


First (only) Dutch edition of the author's Lettres sur l'Egypte (1785-86), translated after Schneider's annotated German edition. The (anonymous) Dutch translator has included the notes from that German translator.
Savary was a French orientalist and traveler, translator of the Quran and author of a posthumously published Arabic grammer. These literary letters give an exhaustive survey of ancient and contemporary Egypt. The first two volumes relate his travels in Egypt where he visited places like Alexandria, Rosetto, Bulak, Cairo, Damietta, Tamieh, Faiyum, Dendera, and Thebe. He includes details on the ancient and modern history of the country, its geography, inhabitants, customs, daily life, trades, politics, architecture, etc. The major part of the third volume is dedicated to the religion and mythology of the Egyptians.

SAY, Jean Baptiste (1767-1832)
Abhandlung über die National-Oekonomie oder einfache Darstellung der Art und Weise, wie die Reichthümer entstehen, vertheilt und verzehrt werden. Aus dem Französischen übersetzt, mit Anmerkungen und Zusätzen versehen von L.H.Jakob.
Halle und Leipzig, im Commission der Ruffschen Verlagshandlung 1807.
2 volumes. XXXII,486,[2]; VI,544p. Recent calf-backed marbled boards, gilt backs with double labels. Old circular stamp to title of first volume. (#20737)
€ 1650

First German edition of Say's classic Traité d'économie politique (1803). It was translated and annotated by Ludwig Heinrich Jakob (1759-1827), professor in Halle since 1791, a Kantian philosopher and Smithian economist. After the suppression of the university of Halle in 1806 he accepted an offer to teach economics in Kharkow, and in 1809 became a member of an important finance commission in St. Petersburg. On the re-establishment of the university of Halle he returned to Germany. He was the author of a several times reprinted Smithian treatise on economics (Grundsatze der National-Oekonomie oder National-Wirthschaftslehre, 1805).
*Goldsmiths'-Kress 19346.18. Carpenter XXXIII,3. Humpert 13120. Palgrave II,p.471 (Jakob).

SCHLETTWEIN, Johann August (1731-1802)
Les moyens d'arreter la misere publique et d'acquitter les dettes des etats.
Carolsrouhe [Paris], Michel Macklot 1772.
Small 8vo. 96p. With engraved allegorical vignette on pages 3 and 5, and tail piece on page 6. Uncut in contemp. decorated boards. First leaves a bit yellowed, stain in margin of 2 or 3 leaves. An old hand added his(?) name to the first paste down, and used the margins of the title, verso and page 3 to repeat the author's name and the title etc. Still an unsophisticated good copy. (#23523)
€ 950

First (only) edition. Schlettwein was the major representative of physiocracy in Germany. He had studied 'cameralistic sciences' in Jena and initially held orthodox mercantilist ideas. His interest in physiocracy aroused when he entered in 1770 into the service of the margrave Karl Friedrich von Baden-Durlach. The margrave entrusted him with the introduction of reforms based upon the new principles in the village of Dietlingen (near Durlach), where he among other things abolished serfdom and the guild system.
This is his only book written in French, according to a notice at the end finished in August 1771 in Paris, where he had gone in the company of the margrave to meet the 'économistes' personally. The next year he left the service of the margrave and went to Basle where he helped his friend Isaac Iselin with the publishing of the important physiocratic journal Ephemeriden der Menschheit. In 1777 he was honoured with a professorship at the newly founded Oekonomische Fakultät in Giessen which he held unto 1785.
*Kress 6899. Palgrave III,p.361. Schumpeter p.227.

SMITH, Adam (1723-1790)
An inquiry into the nature and causes of the wealth of nations. The eighth edition.
London, printed for A.Strahan; and T.Cadell jun. and W.Davies 1796.
3 volumes. [II],X,499; [II],VI,518,[5]; [II-VIII],465,[50]p., bound with half-titles to volumes 1 and 2 but without half-title to volume 3. Contemp. half green calf, gilt backs, marbled endpapers and edges. Minor wear to corners. (#20541)
€ 1650

With the advertisement to the third and to the fourth edition.
*Vanderblue p.4. Kress B.3289. This edition not in Einaudi.

The first appearance of the Wealth of nations in Spanish

SMITH, Adam. - CONDORCET, Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas Caritat de (1743-1794)
Compendio de la obra inglesa intitulada Riqueza de las naciones, hecho por el marques de Condorcet, y traducido al Castellano con varias adicciones del original, por Don Carlos Martinez de Irujo.
Madrid, en la Imprenta Real 1792.
Small 8vo. [IV],XI,[1],302p. Contemp. calf, gilt back with red label, marbled endpapers, very light wear to corners but a very nice copy. (#38059)
€ 2750

First edition. The first appearance of the Wealth of nations in Spanish. Condorcet's summary of the Wealth of nations first appeared in French in the Bibliothèque de l'homme public between 1790 and 1792 but was never issued separately. The first complete Spanish edition of the Wealth of nations, translated by Josef Alonso Ortiz, appeared not before 1794.
The translator Don Carlos Martinez de Irujo y Tacon (1763-1824) was a Spanish diplomat who served for over 10 years as Spanish minister to the United States, where he quarreled with Thomas Jefferson over the Louisiana Purchase and with James Madison over the American claim to part of Florida. This was several times reprinted but this first edition is quite rare.
*Kress B.2408. Not in Goldsmiths', Einaudi or Vanderblue. Palau 59126 ('bella edicion').

Kipper un Wipper

SPAIGNART, Christian Gilbert de (?-1632)
Theologische Müntzfrage, ob christliche evangelische Obrigkeiten, umb ihres eygen Nutzes willen, die Müntz von Zeit zu Zeiten, mit gutem Gewissen, schlechter und geringer können machen lassen? Kürtzlich und einfältiglich, nach inhalt dess heiligen ewigwehrenden Worts Gottes erörtert und beantwortet. [And:] Die Ander Theologische Müntz-frage, was evangelische Christfromme Obrigkeiten, bey jetzigem entstandenem bösen Müntzen, in acht nehmen sollen, damit sie, so viel müglich, ihres Gewissens pflegen können: Auff vielfeltiges so schrifft- so mündliches Anhalten und Begehren, nach Inhalt des ewigwehrenden Worts Gottes, erörtert und beantwortet.
Gedruckt zu Magdeburg, bey Johan Francken, 1621 [volume 1], Gedruckt zu Erffordt, bey Jacob Sachsen 1622 [volume 2].
2 volumes. 4to. [VIII],96; [XII]88p. Nineteenth-century sprinkled boards. Fine copies.(#41385)
€ 900

Two of the major publications of the ‘Tipper and See-saw time' by this Lutheran theologian and pastor in Magdeburg.
Due to the rising price of silver by the end of the 16th century silver coins of the German city-states became more worth than their nominal value. After the outbreak of the Thirty Years War currencies were debased to finance the high costs of the war and the coinage system of the Habsburg Empire fell into complete disorder. Coins were weighted to sort out the not-yet-debased pieces ('kippen und wippen') and melted and mixed with copper or other cheap metals and reissued.
It worked in the beginning but soon resulted in worthless coins and the complete disarray of the monetary system. Prices raised enormously and caused dreadful distress among the population. Popular protest arose and a great number of pamphlets denouncing the practice appeared between 1620 and 1622. By 1623 the debased coins were withdrawn, but the losses were carried by the impoverished population.
First volume: *Kress S.505. Goldsmiths'-Kress 00507.16. Humpert 10945,
Second volume: *Not in Kress or Goldsmiths'-Kress. Humpert 10946.

The 'bible' of individualist anarchist literature

STIRNER, Max [Johann Kaspar Schmidt] (1806-1856)
Der Einzige und sein Eigenthum.
Leipzig, Verlag von Otto Wigand 1845 [i.e. 1844].
[II],491,[3]p. Contemp. half green cloth, marbled boards, back blind tooled with gilt lettering. Modern armorial bookplate to front paste-down. A very nice copy. (#20506)
€ 1500

First edition. The 'bible' of individualist anarchist literature which was translated into many languages. Max Stirner, known for his translations of the works of great classical economists like Smith and Say, belonged to the leftist group of adherents of Hegel, which also included Feuerbach and Bruno Bauer. Inspired by among others Proudhon Stirner developed an extreme individualism and absolute egoism, excluding all religious and moral duties and restrictions. For Stirner the ego is the only reality, and egoism the only real principle, hence no authority whatsoever can be accepted. Stirner's book, now a classic, has becomen the basis for all later individualist anarchist writers.
*Nettlau p.35. Stammhammer I,p.241. Menger c.368. Humpert 9388.

STIRNER, Max [Johann Kaspar Schmidt] (1806-1856)
Edinstvennyj i ego sbstvennost' [in Cyrillic]. [With a biography by M.Kronenberg. Translated from the German by V.Ulrich.]
St-Petersburg, Mysl & Leipzig, A.Miller 1906.
X,244,[1]p. With sketch-portrait. Contemp. half cloth. Title with neatly closed tear, last 50 pages with a tiny (1-2 mm) hole.(#41326)
€ 750

One of two editions of the first Russian translation of Stirner's magnus opum Der Einzige und sein Eigenthum (1845), the ‘bible of individualist anarchist literature‘. Another edition dated 1906 appeared in Moscow, no priority known.
*WorldCat locates 2 copies of our edition (Staatsbibliothek Berlin and IISH Amsterdam) and 2 copies of the Moscow edition (Staatsbibliothek Berlin and University of Bern). It was apparently popular in Russia at the time because more editions appeared 1907, 1909 and 1910

TRISTAN, Flora (1803-1844)
Promenades dans Londres.
Paris, H.L.Delloye & Londres, W.Jeffs [1840].
LI,[1 blank],412,[2 contents & errata]p. Fine recent green morocco-backed boards, marbled endpapers. Vague water stain in lower margin towards the end, but generally very clean.(#17530)
€ 1250

First edition, first issue. The literary result of Flora Tristan's visit to London in which she arrived at the conclusion that England was ruled by an almighty aristocracy that kept the people in slavery, five years before Frederick Engels published his famous book on the miserable condition of the British working classes.
This is the very rare first issue of the first edition, the much more common 'deuxième édition', thus marked on both the title and the wrappers but else fully identical to the present edition, was issued the same year.
*Puech 9. Neither the present nor the second edition in Kress, Goldsmiths' or Einaudi.

The best contemporary source for the tulip speculation

De drie t'zamenspraeken tusschen Waermondt en Gaergoedt, over de op- en ondergang van Flora; als mede Floraes zotte-bollen, troostbrief, en een register der tegenwoordige meest geächte hyacinten, met der zelver prysen. Deze tweden druck vermeerdert en van veele fauten gezuyvert. [Bound with:] Clare ontdeckingh der dwaes heydt, der ghener die haer tegenwoordigh laten noemen floristen ... Gedruckt na de oprechte copye 1636.
Haerlem, gedruckt by Johannes Marshoorn 1734.
2 volumes in 1. Small 8vo. [IV],219,[1]p. & 4 pages numbered *104 between p.104 and 105, 24p. With folding engraving. Nineteenth-century half calf, gilt back with red label. Some light spotting and staining. (#40568)
€ 2500


An eighteenth-century reissue of six pamphlets originally published in 1637 (and again in 1643) after the collapse of the speculative tulip bubble in the Netherlands. They were written with the object to warn against future speculation. They are 'the best contemporary source for the tulip speculation ... They do not only give the methods of how the business was done, but they also contain numerous details about the trade and the prices' (Krelage).
The first three pamphlets are written in the form of dialogues ('zamenspraeken') between Waermondt ('Truemouth') and Gaergoedt ('Amasswealth'). Gaergoedt is a weaver who has abandoned his business to become a speculator. He tells Waermondt that he can easily win a few thousand guilders a day by his trading. But Waermondt warns that he will finally loose everything and that it would have been better to remain a weaver.
The main work is continuously paginated but all pamphlets have also own title leaves, each with a woodcut showing the tulip 'Hertoch Eerich': (1) Eerste t'samen-spraeck, tusschen Waermondt ende Gaergoedt, nopende de opkomst ende ondergang van Flora, (2) Tweede t'samen-spraeck ... zijnde het vervolgh ... (3) Register van de prijsen der bloemen, zijnde de derde t'samen-spraeck ... (4) Floraes sotte-bollen: afgemaelt in dichten en sangen door verscheyde autheuren, (5) Troost-brief, aen alle bedroefde bloemmisten, die treuren over 't sterven of 't overlijden van Flora, goddinne der Floristen. The four additional pages contain an explanation of the engraving depicting 'Floraes gecks-kap'. This engraving is different from the (non folding) engraving found in other copies of this.

TURGOT, Anne Robert Jacques (1727-1781)
Oeuvres de Mr. Turgot, ministre d'état, précédées et accompagnées de mémoires et de notes sur sa vie, son administration et ses ouvrages.
Paris, de l'imprimerie de Delance [first volume: de l'imprimerie de A.Belin] 1808-11.
9 volumes. With engraved portrait of Turgot by Tardieu after Ducreux. Mid-nineteenth century half calf, gilt backs with raised bands, marbled edges, sides and endpapers, bound by J.T.Heald, Wilmington, Del[aware]. From the library of Alexis and Elizabeth du Pont Rencourt, with their bookplate to all volumes. Portrait foxed. A very well bound set. (#26723)
€ 3000


First collected edition of the works of Turgot, edited by Dupont de Nemours, with his valuable annotations.
*Kress B.5464. Goldsmiths' 20226. Einaudi 5769 (with detailed contents).

VOLTAIRE (1694-1778)
La Bible enfin expliquée par plusieurs aumoniers. De S.M.L.R.D.P.
Londres [Amsterdam, M.M. Rey] 1776.
2 volumes in 1. [IV],274,[IV],275-550,[1]p. Contemp. calf, back richly gilt with red label, red edges. Fine copy.(#41436)
€ 650

Published in the year of the first edition. One of Voltaire's last books in which he maliciously points out the contradictions and inconsistencies of the stories of the Old Testament, not free of anti-Semitic utterances. 'S.M.L.R.D.P.' stands for 'Sa Majeste le Roi de Pologne' or 'de Prusse'.
*Bengesco 1861, 3.

His only work of economic interest

VOLTAIRE (1694-1778)
The man of forty crowns. Translated from the French of M. de Voltaire.
London, printed for T.Becket and P.A.D'Hondt 1768.
IV,104p. Finely bound in 3/4 calf, gilt ribbed back, red label, marbled sides (sd Bayntun, Bath). (#30679)
€ 1500

First English edition. Voltaire's only work of economic interest in which he attacks the principles of the physiocrats and particularly Le Mercier de la Rivière's L'Ordre naturel et essentiel des sociétés politiques published the previous year. It is the history of the owner of a small estate yielding a net income of forty crowns a year, who has been frightened by the appearance of several edicts promulgated 'by a few gentlemen who, having some leisure, have undertaken to govern the kingdom from their firesides'. 'The dogmatic and often pompous and heavy style of the physiocrats had probably bored him, as well as their abstract and subtle mode of reasoning.'
The book was almost immediately forbidden and almost all of the numerous editions published afterwards appeared without or with false imprint. There were three editions in English the same year, the others being published at Glasgow and Dublin. Originally published in French the same year (L'Homme aux quarante écus).
*Kress 6597. Goldsmiths' 10405. Palgrave III,p.632.

WARMUND, Gottlieb, pseud. of Erasmus Francisci (1627-1694)
Geldmangel in Teutschlande und dessselben gründliche Ursachen, nach Anleitung des warhafften Verlaufs des, in unserm Vaterlande, von etlich vielen Jahren her, verführten Wesens und Wandels an Tag gegeben ...
Bayreuth, gedrukt bey Johann Gebhard 1664.
Small 8vo. [XXIV],[4 blank],821,[3 table of contents and errata]p. With a fine double-page frontispiece. Contemp. overlapping vellum. A few old underlinings in red and black. A very nice copy. (#30646)
€ 3500


First edition. A well-known baroque treatise on the causes of the debasement of the currency in Germany after the Thirty Years' War. The author gives 22 reasons for the miserable social and economic conditions: decreased population as a result of the war, poor governance and justice, abuse of gold and silver for finery, illegal export of money, idleness of so many, to high duties and taxes, poor coinage system, usury and deceit by Christians and Jews, depressed trade, etc.
The fine frontispiece shows 12 emblematic representations of a prosperous country ('Das Land voll Segen ist'), where 'justice and peace prevails, marriages are without discord, youth is growing up healthy, the home is orderly, the coinage is well directed' etc.
A revised second edition appeared ca. 1720 with the title Der Gott und Menschen wohlgefällige Christliche Kaufmann.
*Kress S.1268. Humpert 65.

The honour of special refutation from Malthus

WEYLAND, John (1774-1854)
The principles of population and production, as they are affected by the progress of society; with a view to moral and political consequences.
London, printed for Baldwin, Cradock, and Joy 1816.
XL,493 [errata on p.493],[1]p. Contemp. tree calf gilt back, marbled endpapers. Light foxing to first and last blanks only. A fine copy indeed. (#23416)
€ 1950

First edition. A major criticism of Malthus' population theory, answered by Malthus the next year in the appendix to the fifth edition of his Essay on population. Malthus thought much higher of it than of the other object of the appendix, the Inquiry of James Grahame which appeared the same year, 'a slight work without any very distinct object in view ... Mr. Weyland's work is of a much more elaborate desciption [and] has also a very definite object in view'.
Weyland believed that an increase of population was recommendable and argued that a higher birthrate in the countryside was needed to compensate for the higher mortality rate in towns. He holds that 'population has a natural tendency to keep within the powers of the soil to afford it subsistence in every gradation through which society passes [and] this tendency can never be destroyed, and can only be altered or diverted from its natural course ... by grossly impolitic laws, or pernicious customs, either accelerating the progress of population considerably beyond its natural rate, or depressing the productive energies of the soil considerably below its natural powers' (p.21).
Weyland was a landowner and magistrate from Oxfordshire and author of several books on the poor laws and related subjects.
*Kress B.6837. Goldsmiths' 21429. Einaudi 6027. Bonar p.378-380.

ZUCCOLO, Lodovico (1568-1630)
Dialoghi ... De'saluti. Della eminenza della pastorale. Della bellezza. Della detta, e della disdetta. Della vergogna. Della clemenza. Della gelosia. Del flusso, e riflusso delle virtu, e de'vitij. Della città Felice. Dell' amore scambieuole fra'cittadini. Del piacere. De'terrori panici. Della republica d'Evandria. Della republica d'Utopia. De'varij fini degli huomini. Ne'quali con varietà di eruditione si scropono nuoui, e vaghi pensieri filosofici, morali, e politici.
In Venetia, appresso Marco Ginammi 1625.
4to. [XL],278,[2 blank]p., lvs a3 and a4 bound between b4 and c1. With woodcut priner's device on title and numerous woodcut initials. Contemp. carta rustica. Uncut with ample margins, upper margin unopened, vague water stain in blank outer margin throughout, small loss in lower margin of b4, far from printed text.(#38663)
€ 2500

Second much augmented edition. A first edition of 1615 was a small volume containing seven dialogues only. The present edition is the first to include the important commentary on Thomas More's Utopia, as well as Zuccolo's own ‘utopia': Il porto overo della Republica d'Evandria.
‘Zuccolo was read widely and achieved some fame in early modern Europe through his Aristotelian treatise on reason of state. The interpretation of Zuccolo as the author of
a couple of utopian writings is of particular interest for the study of the relationship with the
mainstream discourse of reason of state. In Evandria Zuccolo combines the use of stylistic and structural elements of the utopian genre with the development of a republican theory based on civic virtue and public education.' (S.Saracino)

All our books are complete and in good or fine condition, unless otherwise mentioned.
They are carefully described and appropriate bibliographical references have been added.
Delivery according to the general terms of sale of the Antiquarian Booksellers' Association of the Netherlands,
depot no. 212/1982 Amsterdam.

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